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32 Possible Causes for Apnea, Generalized Epileptiform Discharges, Lip Smacking

  • Epilepsy

    […] and stop gradually rather than abruptly Last longer than 10 seconds Are more likely to cause falling May include automatisms such as blinking, eye fluttering, lip smacking[] Co-morbid sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, and the parasomnias, occur frequently in people with epilepsy.[] Electroencephalogram is consistently abnormal, showing findings such as background slowing, multifocal and generalized epileptiform discharges and polyspikes.[]

  • Absence Seizure

    Signs and symptoms of absence seizures include: Sudden stop in motion without falling Lip smacking Eyelid flutters Chewing motions Finger rubbing Small movements of both hands[] In infancy, some other causes of seizure-like spells include: breath-holding spells apnea gastroesophageal reflux (Sandifer’s syndrome) In later childhood: sleep disorders[] Interictal epileptiform discharges: Abnormalities on EEG occurring between seizures (interictal) as opposed to during seizures (ictal).[]

  • Generalized Motor Seizure

    Movements of hands, like wringing, playing with buttons or objects in hands, waving Non-purposeful movements, called automatisms, involve the face, arms or legs, such as lip[] But there is mental illness in my family as well as sleep apnea. I took Dilantin, then Phenytoin, then Tegretol for my seizures.[] Generalized seizures arise from discharges in both hemispheres, whereas focal seizures begin with discharges in one hemisphere.[]

  • Status Epilepticus

    Breathing: Hypoxemia may result from respiratory depression/apnea, aspiration, airway obstruction, and neurogenic pulmonary edema [41]. • All children with SE should have[] […] tonic-clonic or myoclonic seizures, and interictal generalized epileptiform discharges).[] (particularly when this is uncommon for the child) Features include altered mental state, confusion, unresponsiveness, abnormal (often subtle) motor movements, twitches, lip-smacking[]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    He also had intermittent lip smacking movements, suggesting seizure activity.[] Other signs, which can occur singly or in combination, include temperature instability, lethargy, hypotonia, respiratory distress, apnea, and seizures.[] Figure 2 Encephalogram showing excessive generalized theta–delta slowing with pseudoperiodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (arrows) over the left hemisphere primarily[]

  • Jacksonian Seizure

    I have known people who sleep alot during the day to have sleep apnea and develop seizures from lack of oxygen during the night...[] Focal epileptiform discharges occur in secondarily generalized seizures. In absence seizures, spikes and slow waves appear at a rate of 3/sec.[] An example of a focal ( partial ) seizure would be rhythmic muscle contractions in one area of the body: lip smacking, mouth movements , drooling, head turning, eye movements[]

  • Postictal State

    smacking chewing.[] Sleep apnea in pregnancy may also cause placental hypoxia.[] Routine EEG shows bitemporal epileptiform discharges which were most prevalent on the left during sleep. A CT of the brain was normal.[]

  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    Highlights Photo Credit Gracia Lam Personal Health Sleep Apnea Can Have Deadly Consequences The condition is on the rise because the most frequent cause is obesity, which[] These characteristics may contribute to the empirical observation that the sprouted dentate gyrus does not normally generate epileptiform discharges.[] Motor or movement disturbances (called automatisms) may include the following: Rhythmic muscle contractions on one side of the body or face Abnormal mouth behaviors (lip smacking[]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    As an infant, he experienced periods of apnea that resolved at 6 months of age. He has a history of developmental delay and ataxia.[] Generalized seizures arise from discharges in both hemispheres, whereas focal seizures begin with discharges in one hemisphere.[] Impotence Dysuria Astrocytosis Anemia Apathy Diplopia Childhood onset Urinary retention Hypersomnia Snoring Hallucinations Stridor Apnea Mitral valve prolapse Abnormality[]

  • Benign Familial Infantile Epilepsy

    During seizures, patients showed psychomotor arrest, deviation of the eyes to 1 side, hypertonia, and apnea with cyanosis.[] discharges in sleep state transitions Vaproate and levetiracetam good (lamotrigine can exacerbate myoclonus) – lifelong therapy Generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures[] A seizure can produce symptoms such as: convulsions, loss of consciousness, blank staring, lip smacking, or jerking movements of arms and legs.[]

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