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68 Possible Causes for Apnea, Lip Smacking, Somnolence

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    On admission, he was afebrile, somnolent but oriented and had an otherwise unremarkable neurological exam.[karger.com] Other signs, which can occur singly or in combination, include temperature instability, lethargy, hypotonia, respiratory distress, apnea, and seizures.[msdmanuals.com] He also had intermittent lip smacking movements, suggesting seizure activity.[karger.com]

  • Postictal State

    Postictal patients may also be confused or combative, especially as they transition from somnolent to awake.[ems1.com] smacking chewing.[lopezdonado.bandcamp.com] Sleep apnea in pregnancy may also cause placental hypoxia.[practicalneurology.com]

  • Generalized Motor Seizure

    Side-effects in the form of somnolence, fatique, drowsiness and co-ordination disturbances occurred in most of the patients but subsided spontaneously or could be managed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] But there is mental illness in my family as well as sleep apnea. I took Dilantin, then Phenytoin, then Tegretol for my seizures.[epilepsy.com] Movements of hands, like wringing, playing with buttons or objects in hands, waving Non-purposeful movements, called automatisms, involve the face, arms or legs, such as lip[epilepsytalk.com]

  • Epilepsy

    Expert opinion: Somnolence/sedation and behavioral changes, like irritability and nervousness, are among the most commonly observed TEAEs associated with almost all AEDs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and stop gradually rather than abruptly Last longer than 10 seconds Are more likely to cause falling May include automatisms such as blinking, eye fluttering, lip smacking[verywell.com] Co-morbid sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, and the parasomnias, occur frequently in people with epilepsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Stroke

    Those kinds of episodes can be accompanied by behavior that looks intentional but is not (such as lip smacking, picking at clothes, etc.).[urmc.rochester.edu] Jäkälä, Juha Töyräs, Sami Myllymaa, Esa Mervaala, Katja Myllymaa ERJ Open Research 2017 3: P79; DOI: 10.1183/23120541.sleepandbreathing-2017.P79 Abstract Obstructive sleep apnea[openres.ersjournals.com] Sleep apnea is defined as being present if the AHI is 5 events per hour, and an increasing AHI indicates increasing sleep apnea severity. 267 The prevalence of sleep apnea[doi.org]

  • Status Epilepticus

    As mentioned before, most of the medications used can also cause somnolence, dizziness, ataxia, blurry vision, especially at supratherapeutic levels.[cancertherapyadvisor.com] (particularly when this is uncommon for the child) Features include altered mental state, confusion, unresponsiveness, abnormal (often subtle) motor movements, twitches, lip-smacking[dontforgetthebubbles.com] Breathing: Hypoxemia may result from respiratory depression/apnea, aspiration, airway obstruction, and neurogenic pulmonary edema [41]. • All children with SE should have[indianpediatrics.net]

  • Focal Onset Impaired Awareness Seizure

    Medication-induced fatigue tugs at me like an anchor, threatening to pull me out to a somnolent sea filled with waves of persistent tiredness that I fight to overcome every[oneintwentysix.com] During the remainder of the attack, lip-smacking and swallowing are not uncommon.[gpnotebook.co.uk] We report a 37 year-old man who had central apnea as the initial manifestation of partial complex seizures associated with oxygen desaturation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Absence Seizure

    Hyperactivity 14 (9) 10 (7) 15 (10) 39 (9) Hostility 4 (3) 10 (7) 18 (12) 32 (7) Personality change 4 (3) 9 (6) 16 (11) 29 (6) Decrease in concentration 6 (4) 5 (3) 11 (7) 22 (5) Somnolence[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Signs and symptoms of absence seizures include: Sudden stop in motion without falling Lip smacking Eyelid flutters Chewing motions Finger rubbing Small movements of both hands[mayoclinic.com] In infancy, some other causes of seizure-like spells include: breath-holding spells apnea gastroesophageal reflux (Sandifer’s syndrome) In later childhood: sleep disorders[thebarrow.org]

  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    Excessive daytime somnolence - eg, due to a sleep apnoea or narcolepsy. Periodic limb movement disorder. Tardive dyskinesia. Panic attacks.[patient.info] Motor or movement disturbances (called automatisms) may include the following: Rhythmic muscle contractions on one side of the body or face Abnormal mouth behaviors (lip smacking[webmd.com] Highlights Photo Credit Gracia Lam Personal Health Sleep Apnea Can Have Deadly Consequences The condition is on the rise because the most frequent cause is obesity, which[nytimes.com]

  • Medial Sclerosis

    […] reverse with arousal, thus inducing sleep fragmentation, a low amount of slow wave sleep (stages 3 and 4 non-REM sleep) and a low amount of REM sleep with consequent daytime somnolence[bmccardiovascdisord.biomedcentral.com] ., lip smacking, chewing, swallowing) and manual automatisms (e.g., picking, fumbling, patting).[casemed.case.edu] These may range from gagging, lip smacking, running, screaming, crying, or laughing. You may be tired or sleepy after the seizure. This is called the postictal period.[hopkinsmedicine.org]

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