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12 Possible Causes for Apnea, Lip Smacking, Spike-and-Slow-Wave or Polyspike-and-Slow-Wave Discharges

  • Epilepsy

    […] and stop gradually rather than abruptly Last longer than 10 seconds Are more likely to cause falling May include automatisms such as blinking, eye fluttering, lip smacking[verywell.com] ) discharges or generalized spike wave and polyspike wave activity.[brain.oxfordjournals.org] Co-morbid sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, and the parasomnias, occur frequently in people with epilepsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Absence Seizure

    Signs and symptoms of absence seizures include: Sudden stop in motion without falling Lip smacking Eyelid flutters Chewing motions Finger rubbing Small movements of both hands[mayoclinic.com] In infancy, some other causes of seizure-like spells include: breath-holding spells apnea gastroesophageal reflux (Sandifer’s syndrome) In later childhood: sleep disorders[thebarrow.org] However, automatic movements, avoidance of eye contact and lip smacking are all common in children with autism. Keep a seizure diary of suspected absence seizures.[livestrong.com]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ., fumbling, lip smacking , chewing, swallowing) Confusion Anterograde amnesia Aphasia Fatigue , possibly short phase of coma Muscular flaccidity and muscle pain Headache[amboss.com] As an infant, he experienced periods of apnea that resolved at 6 months of age. He has a history of developmental delay and ataxia.[clinicaladvisor.com] Impotence Dysuria Astrocytosis Anemia Apathy Diplopia Childhood onset Urinary retention Hypersomnia Snoring Hallucinations Stridor Apnea Mitral valve prolapse Abnormality[mendelian.co]

  • Neonatal Seizures

    smacking etc. c) Limb movements - cycling, paddling, boxing etc. d) Autonomic phenomena-tachycardia or bradycardia. e) Apnea may be a rare manifestation of seizure. 10.[slideshare.net] At 2 days, he began to have frequent episodes of apnea accompanied with generalized tonic posture.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of the lips, excessive drooling, bicycling movements in the lower extremities, swimming or rowing movements in the upper extremities, and apnea.[injuryfrombirth.com]

  • Tonic-Clonic Seizure

    smacking, repeated swallowing or chewing A jerking movement that starts in one part of your body – usually your hand or face – and then spreads bit by bit to other parts[epilepsy.org.uk] Some conditions can make epilepsy worse, eg: Obstructive Sleep Apnea, strokes, head traumas, alcohol and recreational drug use.[epilepsynyc.com] Such behavior may include lip smacking, picking at clothes, buttoning and unbuttoning clothes or finger pulling.[efmny.org]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    […] for a few tens of seconds epigastric aura, déjà-vu, etc. ② complex partial seizure : lasts for a few minutes unaware of surroundings motionless stare automatisms (such as lip[uoeh-neurology.org] A multidisciplinary team of leading authorities presents the latest on sleep breathing disorders (including obstructive sleep apnea), neuropharmacology, parasomnias, neurologic[books.google.de] These may include lip smacking and rubbing their hands together. Frontal Lobe Seizures Frontal lobe epilepsy is the second most common form of epilepsy.[nyulangone.org]

  • Early Myoclonic Encephalopathy

    smacking.[uoflphysicians.com] .  Inter-Ictal EEG  Initial -20% show normal BG with photoparoxysmal discharges of spikes/ polyspikes-slow waves.  Within 1 year, EEG - abnormal slow BG with frequent asymmetrical[slideshare.net] When associated with electro-clinical features, progressive lethargy and hypotonia occur in the first days of life, progressing to apnea and often death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myoclonic Jerking

    Such behavior may include lip smacking, picking at clothes, buttoning and unbuttoning clothes or finger pulling.[efmny.org] Sometimes these awakenings can be provoked by another sleep disorder, most commonly disrupted breathing like sleep apnea.[verywell.com] I've had everything done except the doppler study, but the only thing I know now is that I don't have sleep apnea (which I didn't think I had anyhow) and that my EEG was normal[healthboards.com]

  • Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

    Outward signs of a child who is experiencing this type of epilepsy include making strange faces, swallowing, lip-smacking, chewing and muttering while being apparently awake[web.archive.org] Interictal EEG may demonstrate the following characteristics: A slow background that can be constant or transient Awake – Diffuse slow spike wave Non-REM sleep – Discharges[emedicine.com] The VNS has few side effects but it can cause dysphagia , increased drooling, or exacerbation of obstructive sleep apnea.[childneurologyfoundation.org]

  • Postictal State

    smacking chewing.[lopezdonado.bandcamp.com] spike and wave discharges usually at a rate of 2.5/sec, typically with interictal disorganization of background activity and diffuse slow waves, in atypical absence seizures[msdmanuals.com] Sleep apnea in pregnancy may also cause placental hypoxia.[practicalneurology.com]

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