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43 Possible Causes for Apnea, Lip Smacking, Stupor

  • Epilepsy

    Co-morbid sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, and the parasomnias, occur frequently in people with epilepsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and stop gradually rather than abruptly Last longer than 10 seconds Are more likely to cause falling May include automatisms such as blinking, eye fluttering, lip smacking[verywell.com] […] identified in a 5-year-old boy with developmental delay associated with Rett-like features including stereotypic hand movements and respiratory abnormalities with episode of apnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    We report an unusual presentation of herpes simplex encephalitis, clinically as catatonic stupor and radiologically as isolated symmetrical cerebellar involvement affecting[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He also had intermittent lip smacking movements, suggesting seizure activity.[karger.com] Other signs, which can occur singly or in combination, include temperature instability, lethargy, hypotonia, respiratory distress, apnea, and seizures.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Postictal State

    Sleep apnea in pregnancy may also cause placental hypoxia.[practicalneurology.com] The stuporous type is characterized by stupor, mutism, posturing and negativism.[bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com] smacking chewing.[lopezdonado.bandcamp.com]

  • Status Epilepticus

    It is characterized by headache, stupor, seizures, and visual alterations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (particularly when this is uncommon for the child) Features include altered mental state, confusion, unresponsiveness, abnormal (often subtle) motor movements, twitches, lip-smacking[dontforgetthebubbles.com] Breathing: Hypoxemia may result from respiratory depression/apnea, aspiration, airway obstruction, and neurogenic pulmonary edema [41]. • All children with SE should have[indianpediatrics.net]

  • Stroke

    […] or veering Coordination problems in the arms and hands Slurred speech or inability to speak Sudden deviation of the eyes toward one direction Seizures Irregular breathing Stupor[drugs.com] Those kinds of episodes can be accompanied by behavior that looks intentional but is not (such as lip smacking, picking at clothes, etc.).[urmc.rochester.edu] Jäkälä, Juha Töyräs, Sami Myllymaa, Esa Mervaala, Katja Myllymaa ERJ Open Research 2017 3: P79; DOI: 10.1183/23120541.sleepandbreathing-2017.P79 Abstract Obstructive sleep apnea[openres.ersjournals.com]

  • Catatonia

    In catatonic stupor, i.e. immobility and stupor, the first-line therapy is electrotherapy, preferably at an earliest possible stage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] smacking, inappropriate verbal usage, hand tremors and sweaty palms possibly due to side effects of psychiatric medication and repetitive eye movements.[corticalchauvinism.com] They include (1) the risk of hypoventilation in obese patients or those with obstructive sleep apnea, (2) falls in elderly patients or those with balance problems after they[doi.org]

  • Hyoscyamus Niger Poisoning

    As the mania advances he seems to lie in a sort of stupor and yet it is not a real stupor, because the slightest noise rouses him into all these forms of violent mania.[vithoulkas.com] Scopola (Japanese Belladonna)-chemically identical with Hyoscine (Joyous delirium, licking of lips and smacking of mouth; sleepless; tries to get out of bed; sees cats, picks[homeoint.org] The alkaloids in the plant can overstimulate the central nervous system, leading to convulsions, manic episodes, heart arrhythmia, apnea, and coma (Alizadeh et al. 2014).[sites.evergreen.edu]

  • Schizophrenia

    In a monograph titled Benign Stupors, August Hoch described 25 psychiatric patients in stupor.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This includes lip smacking and chewing movements. About 25-40% of patients who take antipsychotic mediations for several years develop these side effects.[faculty.washington.edu] Highlights Photo Credit Gracia Lam Personal Health Sleep Apnea Can Have Deadly Consequences The condition is on the rise because the most frequent cause is obesity, which[nytimes.com]

  • Meningitis

    […] influenzae ) Note: Meningitis is often marked by fever, headache, vomiting, malaise, and stiff neck, and if left untreated in bacterial forms, may progress to confusion, stupor[merriam-webster.com] […] the lips, chewing involuntarily, gazing in different directions, or periodically going limp (a type of seizure) Sluggishness or listlessness (lethargy) A high-pitched crying[msdmanuals.com] Manifestations are often nonspecific (eg, temperature instability, respiratory distress, jaundice, apnea).[msdmanuals.com]

  • Isopropyl Alcohol Poisoning

    MARCH 07, 2017 Ingestion of alcohol-based hand sanitizer can cause serious adverse effects in children, which may include apnea, acidosis, and coma.[pharmacytimes.com] Isopropyl alcohol poisoning signs are GI pain, cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, and CNS depression (dizziness, stupor, coma, and death from respiratory paralysis).[merckvetmanual.com] She developed eye blinking, lip smacking and generalized seizure activity, which was treated with phenobarbital.[nature.com]

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