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18 Possible Causes for Apnea, Mild Rib Sclerosis

  • Achondroplasia

    Spine radiograph lateral view (b) demonstrating mild platyspondyly and expansion of anterolateral parts of the ribs with “club-shaped” configuration (arrows).[doi.org] PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common problem in patients with achondroplasia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Here, we report the case of a male child with achondroplasia who was diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea and underwent adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Skeletal Dysplasia

    Spine radiograph lateral view (b) demonstrating mild platyspondyly and expansion of anterolateral parts of the ribs with “club-shaped” configuration (arrows).[doi.org] The patient presented at 5 months with severe obstructive sleep apnea, which had progressed rapidly after the neonatal period and which responded favorably to mandibular distraction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pathologic PSG findings were found in 10/24 patients (41.7%): obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) was diagnosed in 8/24 patients (33.3%), central sleep apnea syndrome[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Rib Fracture

    Secondly, acquired fractures can show bone sclerosis in the rib adjacent to the defect and ineffective callus formation.[bjsm.bmj.com] The child was admitted to the intermediate care nursery because of grunting respiration and apnea.[pediatrics.aappublications.org] These infants may exhibit apnea or vasomotor collapse similar to spinal shock.[radiologyassistant.nl]

  • Congenital Cortical Hyperostoses

    rib sclerosis, mild clavicular sclerosis, mild vertebral body sclerosis, metacarpal and metatarsal diaphyseal endosteal sclerosis.[iofbonehealth.org] (all of these being common situation in developing countries), the infusion time can extend for weeks or months. 4,5 Common side effects of prostaglandin therapy include apnea[scielo.br] […] neurogenic bladder [醫]馬尾綜合征不伴神經源性膀胱 Celiac axis syndrome [醫]腹軸綜合征 Celiac plexus syndrome [醫]腹腔神經叢綜合征 Central alveolar hypoventilation syndrome [醫]中樞性肺泡換氣不足綜合征 Central sleep apnea[fastdict.net]

  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta

    Spine radiograph lateral view (b) demonstrating mild platyspondyly and expansion of anterolateral parts of the ribs with “club-shaped” configuration (arrows).[doi.org] The Apnea Hypopnea Index was higher for non-walkers than walkers (mean [SD]: 6.5 [3.6] vs. 2.4 [1.5]; p 0.02) and with type III versus IV OI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] questionnaire, designed to evaluate levels of experienced fatigue and bodily pain, as well as the presence or absence of symptoms related to sleep disturbances or sleep apnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pseudoachondroplasia

    Spine radiograph lateral view (b) demonstrating mild platyspondyly and expansion of anterolateral parts of the ribs with “club-shaped” configuration (arrows).[doi.org] Less frequent complications in childhood include cervicomedullary compression secondary to a small foramen magnum, hydrocephalus, and obstructive apnea secondary to small[ommbid.mhmedical.com] Young children, especially, should be examined for such potential problems as central apnea, obstructive apnea, and hydrocephalus.[pbs.org]

  • Chondrodystrophy

    Spine radiograph lateral view (b) demonstrating mild platyspondyly and expansion of anterolateral parts of the ribs with “club-shaped” configuration (arrows).[doi.org] Also, breathing ( apnea ) and weight problems ( obesity ) may occur. Structurally, scoliosis, bowed legs ( genu varum ), and arthritis may result.[en.wikipedia.org] Hopper, Subcranial and orthognathic surgery for obstructive sleep apnea in achondroplasia, Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, 10.1016/j.jcms.2017.09.028, 45, 12, (2028[doi.org]

  • Autosomal Dominant Mental Retardation Type 21

    There are marked thickening and sclerosis of the skull and whole facial bones. The ribs are also thickened and sclerotic.[iofbonehealth.org] , Lupski JR, Eng CM, Muzny DM, Yang Y, Gibbs RA Title De novo truncating mutations in AHDC1 in individuals with syndromic expressive language delay, hypotonia, and sleep apnea[genome.jp] […] encephalopathyProgressive spasticity SpasticityNS-XLMR 57Angelman and Prader–Willi-like phenotypes Regression, epilepsy, acquired microcephaly, hand stereotypies, autism Hypotonia, apnea[intechopen.com]

  • Schmid Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia

    Radiography usually shows sclerosis of the ribs, flaring of the metaphyses, and a wide irregular growth plate, especially of the knees.[genecards.org] […] can be painful and long-term problems with breathing, as well as: Back pain Curvature of the spine Spinal stenosis ) Issues with the joints Lung infections Seizures Sleep apnea[webmd.com] The cardinal features of the phenotype are mild short stature, coxa vara and a waddling gait.[genecards.org]

  • Craniodiaphyseal Dysplasia

    There are marked thickening and sclerosis of the skull and whole facial bones. The ribs are also thickened and sclerotic.[iofbonehealth.org] […] muscle dysfunction syndrome Cantu Sanchez-Corona Fragoso syndrome Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency LEOPARD syndrome Chromosome 5p duplication Glaucoma sleep apnea[checkrare.com] Sequencing of the CHRND gene Myasthenic syndrome, acetazolamide-responsive Sanger sequencing of the SCN4A gene Myasthenic syndrome, congenital, associated with episodic apnea[pentacorelab.hu]

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