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78 Possible Causes for Apnea, Onset in First Weeks or Months of Life

  • Sepsis

    Early-onset sepsis is seen in the first week of life. Late onset sepsis occurs after 1 week through 3 months of age.[medlineplus.gov] Symptoms of infection may include the following: Apnea (stopping breathing) or difficulty breathing Bradycardia (decreased heart rate) Decreased temperature or temperature[stanfordchildrens.org] Symptoms can include: Diminished activity Less vigorous sucking Apnea Bradycardia Temperature instability Unlike older children and adults, only 10–50% of newborns may be[healthcare.siemens.com]

  • Neonatal Sepsis

    Early-onset sepsis is seen in the first week of life. Occurs after 1 week and before 3 months of age.[omicsonline.org] Pathology of prematurity Gross appearance of premature infant Difficulties in maintaining homeostasis Thermoregulation Hypoglycemia Hyperbilirubinemia Fluids and electrolytes Apnea[atlases.muni.cz] Early-onset sepsis is seen in the first week of life. Late onset sepsis occurs after 1 week through 3 months of age.[medlineplus.gov]

  • Laryngeal Stridor

    Congenital abnormalities of the upper airway typically present in the first few weeks to months of life and are the most common causes of stridor (87%).[medicine.uiowa.edu] Associated findings include gastroesophageal reflux, obstructive and central apnea, hypotonia, failure to thrive, and pneumonitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hoffstein V, Slutsky AS: Central sleep apnea reversed by continuous positive airway pressure. Am Rev Respir Dis 1987;135:1210–1212.[karger.com]

  • Prader-Willi Syndrome

    These are: Floppiness at birth, with low muscle tone persisting throughout life Difficulty feeding in the first few weeks and months of life From around the age two onwards[web.archive.org] […] upper airway obstruction and sudden death of children with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) while on GH therapy have led to concern about GH contributing to obstructive sleep apnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Screening tests for sleep apnea syndrome showed that she had sleep-disordered breathing, including obstructive sleep apnea and bruxism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Sepsis in Premature Infants

    Early-onset sepsis is seen in the first week of life. Late onset sepsis occurs after 1 week through 3 months of age.[medlineplus.gov] Mixed Apnea - A combination of both types of apnea representing as much as 50% of all episodes.[uichildrens.org] Signs are multiple, nonspecific, and include diminished spontaneous activity, less vigorous sucking, apnea, bradycardia, temperature instability, respiratory distress, vomiting[msdmanuals.com]

  • Neonatal Infection

    Early-onset sepsis is seen in the first week of life. Late onset sepsis occurs after 1 week through 3 months of age.[mountsinai.org] Differentiating clinical features include early apnea and shock and lower inspiratory pressures on mechanical ventilation.[nejm.org] Newborns that are infected may exhibit some of the following symptoms: inactivity respiratory problems decreased or elevated body temperature apnea poor feeding seizures irritability[thurswell.com]

  • Sexually Transmitted Disease

    Early-onset sepsis is seen in the first week of life. Late onset sepsis occurs after 1 week through 3 months of age.[medlineplus.gov] Symptoms of infections in newborns include: Not feeding well Being very sleepy Being very irritable Rapid breathing or breathing pauses (apnea) Vomiting or diarrhea Fever[my.clevelandclinic.org] Other symptoms may include trouble breathing (respiratory distress), pauses in breathing (apnea), fever, pale color, and poor skin circulation, with cool extremities, abdominal[msdmanuals.com]

  • Acne Vulgaris

    : first few weeks of life Clinical presentation : papulopustular rash Treatment : self-limiting disease ; no specific treatment Infantile acne Age of onset : 3 months Clinical[amboss.com] Perry JC, Guindalini C, Bittencourt L, Garbuio S, Mazzotti DR, et al. (2013) Whole blood hypoxia-related gene expression reveals novel pathways to obstructive sleep apnea[gavinpublishers.com] 2] [1] Subtypes and variants Hidradenitis suppurativa (also acne inversa ) : inflammation of the hair follicles, most likely triggered by a blockage Neonatal acne Age of onset[amboss.com]

  • Infantile Colic

    This syndrome has its onset typically in the first few weeks of life. It spontaneously resolves by age 4 to 6 months.[mdedge.com] […] suspicious bruises Computed tomography to detect intracranial hemorrhage, radiography of extremities Vomiting, recurrent and/or forceful Gastroesophageal reflux disease Apnea[web.archive.org] A history of apnea, cyanosis, or struggling to breathe may suggest previously undiagnosed pulmonary or cardiac conditions.[web.archive.org]

  • Neonatal Meningitis

    In the first month of life, group B streptococcus is the most common etiologic agent.[aafp.org] […] cumulative incidence of meningitis is highest in the first month of life and is higher in preterm neonates than term neonates. 2 Patients may present with difficulty feeding, apnea[acepnow.com] Manifestations are often nonspecific (eg, temperature instability, respiratory distress, jaundice, apnea).[merckmanuals.com]

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