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21 Possible Causes for Areflexia, Dementia, Involuntary Tongue Protrusion

  • Autosomal Recessive Lower Motor Neuron Disease with Childhood Onset

    […] choreic movements, mild alteration in personality, grimacing, protrusion of the tongue and ataxia with choreoathetoid movements -Later stages include mental deterioration[quizlet.com] Paralysis spread to become generalized, except for the cranial nerves, and by age 16 years, patients were tetraplegic with areflexia, contractures, and scoliosis, and required[pediatricneurologybriefs.com] Access comprehensive discussions of Alzheimer and commonly occurring non-Alzheimer dementias (such as Lewy bodies disease and frontotemporal dementia) and traumatic brain[books.google.com]

  • Jankovic Rivera Syndrome

    Tongue protrusion and feeding dystonia: a hallmark of chorea-acanthocytosis. Mov Disord 2010;25:127–129. 62.[e-jmd.org] Symptoms - Jankovic Rivera syndrome * Progressive distal muscle weakness * Progressive distal muscle wasting * Myoclonic jerks * Dementia * Abnormal walk * Speech defect Causes[checkorphan.org] Gibbs, Syndromes of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and dementia: Relation to transmissible Creutzfeldt‐Jakob disease, Annals of Neurology, 14, 1, (17-26), (2004).[doi.org]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 4

    They consisted of jaw-opening dystonia with almost rhythmic tongue protrusion, consistent with the dystonic tremor of the tongue (see Video 2, part IIIb).[movementdisorders.org] Examination of lower and upper limb for reflex can also help to diagnosis because people will development areflexia or hyporeflexia in their limbs[3].[neurowiki2013.wikidot.com] A heterogeneous degeneration involving the brain stem, basal ganglia and cerebellum with vertical gaze and pseudobulbar palsy, nuchal dystonia and dementia. ‏[books.google.com]

  • Huntington Disease-Like 2

    However, clinical characteristics such as dystonia with prominent orofacial involvement with tongue protrusion, involuntary tongue- and lip-biting, head thrusts, and rubber[movementdisorders.org] Abstract Huntington disease-like 2 (HDL2) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by adult-onset, progressive motor abnormalities, psychiatric disturbances, and dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report on a South African family that presented with progressive dementia and a movement disorder affecting numerous family members.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Huntington Disease-Like 3

    However, clinical characteristics such as dystonia with prominent orofacial involvement with tongue protrusion, involuntary tongue- and lip-biting, head thrusts, and rubber[movementdisorders.org] Neuroacanthocytosis Often has associated areflexia and distal amyotrophy with greater prominence of oral and lingual chorea with tics and tongue biting. [34] May be phenotypically[online.epocrates.com] Like Huntington's disease (HD), it is an adult onset, progressive, neurodegenerative autosomal dominant disorder clinically characterized by abnormal movements, dementia,[jhu.pure.elsevier.com]

  • McLeod Neuroacanthocytosis Syndrome

    These symptoms may be referred to as orofacial and lingual dyskinesia and include protrusion of the tongue, grimacing, and abnormal jaw movements.[rarediseases.org] Clinical examination showed pseudohypertrophia of the calves and areflexia. Creatine kinase was 300-400 U/l. A peripheral blood smear showed 5% acanthocytes.[hum-molgen.org] . • A variety of other neurologic symptoms may accompany neuroacanthocytosis, including seizures, motor neuron disease, and dementia.[medlink.com]

  • Huntington Disease-Like 1

    However, clinical characteristics such as dystonia with prominent orofacial involvement with tongue protrusion, involuntary tongue- and lip-biting, head thrusts, and rubber[movementdisorders.org] […] aggressiveness, manias, anxiety and/or depression in conjunction with rapidly progressive cognitive decline (presenting with dysarthria, apraxia, aphasia, and eventually leading to dementia[orpha.net] Gerstmann-Straussler disease (sequence analysis of PRNP gene) Insomnia, fatal familial (sequence analysis of PRNP gene) Hereditary chorea (WES based NGS panel for 14 genes) Frontotemporal dementia[cgcgenetics.com]

  • Autosomal Recessive Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 17

    However, clinical characteristics such as dystonia with prominent orofacial involvement with tongue protrusion, involuntary tongue- and lip-biting, head thrusts, and rubber[movementdisorders.org] […] motor neuron (note: saccades relates to eye movement) CAG repeat, 6p ( Ataxin 1 ) SCA2 [3] ( ATXN2 ) 3rd - 4th decade ( 60) 10 years (1-30) Diminished velocity saccades areflexia[psychology.wikia.com] It is characterized by a variable clinical picture which can include dementia, psychiatric disorders, parkinsonism, dystonia, chorea, spasticity, and epilepsy.[orpha.net]

  • Senile Chorea

    It usually affects orofacial and lingual musculature (“buccolinguomasticatory syndrome”) with chewing; bruxism; protrusion, curling, or twisting of the tongue; lip smacking[mdedge.com] Other features include cognitive and personality changes, dysphagia, dysarthria, amyotrophy, areflexia, evidence of axonal neuropathy with absent deep ankle tendon stretch[endoflifecare.tripod.com] Senile chorea (SC) is characterized by the presence of late onset, generalized chorea with no family history and no dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chorea Acanthocytosis Syndrome

    These symptoms may be referred to as orofacial and lingual dyskinesia and include protrusion of the tongue, grimacing, and abnormal jaw movements.[rarediseases.org] Generalized areflexia with flexor plantar response was present. All the primitive reflexes were absent.[ijcasereportsandimages.com] Fragile X Tremor Ataxia Syndrome (FXTAS); Lysosomal Storage Diseases; Psychiatric Disorders; Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxias; Metabolic Disorders; Friedreich Ataxia; ALS; Dementia[books.google.com]

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