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155 Possible Causes for Areflexia, Flaccid Paralysis

  • Enterovirus Infection

    The incidence of acute flaccid paralysis has been on a declining trend with the global efforts on eradication of polio virus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Miller-Fisher is a rare syndrome of childhood that presents with external ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Paralysis (infrequent in both polio and non-polio intro viral infections): flaccid paralysis that is often asymmetric with proximal extremity muscles affected; lower extremities[medicinenet.com]

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    Flaccid paralysis Scoliosis Bed sores: Long term paraplegia may lead to pressure sores Respiratory failure Death Spinal muscular atrophy is transmitted via an autosomal-recessive[symptoma.com] Infantile X-linked spinal muscular atrophy (SMAX2) is a rare form of spinal muscular atrophy manifesting as severe hypotonia, areflexia, arthrogryposis, facial weakness and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] paralysis caudal to injury due to spinal shock, followed by residual signs due to damage to spinal cord tissue.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Adult Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    The examination may show all the characteristic findings of a lower motor neuron disease, namely absent/decreased reflexes, hypotonia, flaccid paralysis and muscle fasciculations[symptoma.com] Patients typically present during infancy or early childhood with progressive weakness, hypotonia, muscle atrophy, hyporeflexia /areflexia, and varying degrees of bulbar weakness[amboss.com]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    CASE REPORT: An 82-year-old woman presented with acute ascending flaccid paralysis and acute respiratory failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Areflexia and sensory disturbances are also common. Patients with GBS usually have albuminocytological dissociation on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Introduction: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune polyneuropathy causing acute flaccid paralysis and it is known to improve with plasmapheresis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperkalemia

    In 94 patients, flaccid paralysis was described and in 25, severe muscular weakness; in 65 patients, these findings were associated with other symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] And R – Reflexes, hyperreflexia or areflexia, they’re flaccid. So, MURDER, MURDER.[nrsng.com] In severe cases, weakness and flaccid paralysis may occur.[fpnotebook.com]

  • Tick Paralysis

    Tick paralysis is a rare, ascending, flaccid paralysis that occurs when toxin-secreting Ixodidae ticks bite and remain attached for several days.[msdmanuals.com] Tick paralysis is caused by a neurotoxin secreted in the saliva of a gravid female tick, and manifests with ataxia, areflexia, ascending paralysis, bulbar palsy, and ophthalmoparesis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Review of the 14 published adult cases (age range 22–86 years) revealed that, in adults, the typical neurologic symptoms are muscle weakness (50%), areflexia (36%), ascending[nn.neurology.org]

  • Anterior Spinal Artery Syndrome

    After surgery, the patient experienced flaccid paralysis of lower limb and impaired sensation of touch and warmth of knee and below.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Detrusor hyperreflexia was noted in 8 patients, a normal bladder in 1 and detrusor areflexia in 1.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Soon after, flaccid paralysis with sparing of sensory functions, consistent with anterior spinal artery syndrome (ASAS), was diagnosed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    Motor weakness is a major feature of an acute attack, and flaccid paralysis of all extremities can occur rapidly, within a matter of days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The predominantly motor neuropathy associated with weakness and areflexia in AIP can mimic Guillain-Barré syndrome. [7] Nerve conduction studies help in differentiating these[joacp.org] Neurologic symptoms may also develop, including flaccid paralysis, seizures, neuropsychiatric and urinary symptoms such as retention or incontinence and constipation.[doi.org]

  • Autosomal Recessive Lower Motor Neuron Disease with Childhood Onset

    paralysis Dec tone Atrophy NB may look like Werdnig-Hoffmann Disease aka Spinal Muscular Atrophy type 1 Autosomal recessive Anterior horn degenerates Missing SurvivalMotorNeuron1[alancam.com] Paralysis spread to become generalized, except for the cranial nerves, and by age 16 years, patients were tetraplegic with areflexia, contractures, and scoliosis, and required[pediatricneurologybriefs.com] Patients typically present during infancy or early childhood with progressive weakness, hypotonia , muscle atrophy , hyporeflexia/areflexia, and varying degrees of bulbar[amboss.com]

  • Syringomyelia

    Symptoms include dissociated sensory loss , presenting as a cape-like distribution of decreased sensitivity to pain and temperature, and flaccid atrophic paralysis in the[amboss.com] A complete physical examination will then be performed to look for signs of any areflexia, muscle weakness or other classic features of Syringomyelia.[epainassist.com] […] in children, called acute flaccid myelitis.[brainandlife.org]

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