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288 Possible Causes for Areflexia, Flaccid Paralysis

  • Enterovirus Infection

    The incidence of acute flaccid paralysis has been on a declining trend with the global efforts on eradication of polio virus.[] Miller-Fisher is a rare syndrome of childhood that presents with external ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia.[] Paralysis Formerly predominately seen in patients with paralytic poliomyelitis, in the era of widespread polio vaccination acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) has recently emerged[]

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    Flaccid paralysis Scoliosis Bed sores: Long term paraplegia may lead to pressure sores Respiratory failure Death Spinal muscular atrophy is transmitted via an autosomal-recessive[] Infantile X-linked spinal muscular atrophy (SMAX2) is a rare form of spinal muscular atrophy manifesting as severe hypotonia, areflexia, arthrogryposis, facial weakness and[] paralysis caudal to injury due to spinal shock, followed by residual signs due to damage to spinal cord tissue.[]

  • Adult Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    The examination may show all the characteristic findings of a lower motor neuron disease, namely absent/decreased reflexes, hypotonia, flaccid paralysis and muscle fasciculations[] Patients typically present during infancy or early childhood with progressive weakness, hypotonia , muscle atrophy , hyporeflexia/areflexia, and varying degrees of bulbar[]

  • Poliomyelitis

    The objective of this paper was to review the need for acute flaccid paralysis surveillance by presenting two cases.[] A 20-month-old male presented with an acute clinical syndrome resembling poliomyelitis, characterized by a flaccid monoplegia, areflexia of the involved limb, and preserved[] […] condition usually begins with a fever and upper respiratory tract or gastrointestinal tract symptoms that progress to a "paralytic" phase characterized by limb weakness, areflexia[]

  • Tick Paralysis

    Tick paralysis is a rare disease characterized by acute, ascending, flaccid paralysis that is often confused with other acute neurologic disorders or diseases (e.g., Guillain-Barré[] Tick paralysis is caused by a neurotoxin secreted in the saliva of a gravid female tick, and manifests with ataxia, areflexia, ascending paralysis, bulbar palsy, and ophthalmoparesis[] Tick paralysis is a rare, ascending, flaccid paralysis that occurs when toxin-secreting Ixodidae ticks bite and remain attached for several days.[]

  • Botulism

    Botulism is the acute, flaccid paralysis caused by a neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum.[] We describe a patient with acute progressive weakness and areflexia.[] Within a 3-month period, two infants presented non-specifically to hospital and rapidly progressed developing flaccid paralysis.[]

  • Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis

    Acute recurrent episodes of flaccid paralysis, symmetrically affecting the proximal muscles of the lower limbs, either following strenuous physical activity or carbohydrate[] Hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HypoPP) is a rare disorder consisting of sudden episodes of muscle weakness with areflexia involving all four limbs, which spontaneously resolve[] Hypokalemia, with associated flaccid paralysis, and signs of hyperthyroidism, are the hallmark.[]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    An 82-year-old woman presented with acute ascending flaccid paralysis and acute respiratory failure.[] Guillain-Barré syndrome is a life-threatening neurological disorder that presents with rapid ascending paralysis and areflexia.[] paralysis.[]

  • Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis

    These procedures produced attacks of flaccid paralysis that occurred concomitantly with rapid rises in serum potassium concentrations and decreases in blood glucose and inorganic[] Additional signs include focal weakness, areflexia of the affected muscles during the attacks (predominantly the calf and the thighs), and preservation of the sensorium and[] […] for 30 minutes followed by strict bed rest. 3 She developed an attack of weakness beginning 20 minutes after exercise in which there was marked generalised weakness and areflexia[]

  • Foix-Alajouanine Syndrome

    Synonym(s): subacute necrotizing myelitis Foix-Alajouanine syndrome - thrombophlebitis of spinal veins resulting in a subacute ascending painful flaccid paralysis from necrotic[] Her neurological symptoms deteriorated to paraplegia, voiding difficulty and areflexia.[] paralysis, often ascending, loss of sphincter control, and progressive sensory loss.[]

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