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100 Possible Causes for Arnold Chiari Malformation, Lower Motor Neurone Lesion

  • Meningomyelocele

    Meningomyelocele is a malformation with high prevalence, and one of its main comorbidities is Arnold-Chiari malformation type II.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Myelomeningocele in the sacral area can produce a lower motor neuron lesion, resulting in detrusor areflexia.[emedicine.medscape.com] Arnold Chiari malformation with spina bifida: a lost opportunity of folic acid supplementation. J Clin Diagn Res . 2014;8(12):OD01–OD03...[5minuteconsult.com]

  • Syringomyelia

    motor neuron lesion is found at the level of dysfunction; - look for atrophy and fasiculations of the hands and arms; - scoliosis: - scoliosis is associated with syringomyelia[wheelessonline.com] ; Arnold-Chiari Malformation, Type I Citation: Anand LK, Malhotra A, Saroa R, Kazal S, Sarna R.[apicareonline.com] (Please consult our website information for Arnold-Chiari Malformation.)[neurosurgerydallas.com]

  • Autosomal Dominant Sensory Ataxia

    Arnold-Chiari Malformation Arnold-Chiari malformation is a malformation of the brain.[novenachiropractic.com.sg] neurone lesion ( Clasp-knife response ) Lower motor neurone lesion[en.wikipedia.org] Brain masses are best evaluated with brain MRI with and without contrast; the Arnold-Chiari malformation with MRI of the brain or computed tomography (CT).[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Hypoglossal Nerve Palsy

    In Arnold-Chiari malformation, the cerebellar tonsils and medulla are malformed and herniate through the foramen magnum causing progressive hydrocephalus with mental retardation[nature.com] This is the result of a lower motor neuron lesion (the damaged neuron directly innervates the skeletal muscle), and can lead to fasciculations and atrophy of the tongue.[anatomybox.com] Combarros et al reported idiopathic hypoglossal nerve palsy in 4 out of his 9 cases and metastasis ( 3 cases), Arnold Chiari malformation ( 1 case) and dural AV fistula in[jneuro.com]

  • Brown-Sequard Syndrome

    Most patients with syringomyelia have a Type I Arnold-Chiari malformation of the cerebellar tonsils.[en.wikibooks.org] Damage of Lower Motor Neurons at the level of Injury: Ipsilateral Lower Motor Neuron Lesions at the level of injury 3.[epomedicine.com] Hey akm I think your problem is that you're confusing sensory with motor pathways. DCML is NOT a LMN lesion. LMN stands for Lower Motor Neuron lesion.[usmleforum.com]

  • Upper Limb Hypertrophy

    MRI of the brain and spine (T1, T2, Proton PD sequences) revealed grade 1 Arnold Chiari malformation with long syrinx extending from cervico-medullary junction to T6 [FIGURE[neurologyindia.com] Many parts of the motor exam can help distinguish between upper motor neuron and lower motor neuron lesions (see Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases Chapters 2 and 6).[neuroexam.com] Interpretation Upper motor neurone lesions usually produce hyperreflexia. Lower motor neurone lesions usually produce a diminished or absent response.[patient.info]

  • Sensory Ataxic Neuropathy - Dysarthria - Ophthalmoparesis Syndrome

    malformation type I Arterial duct anomaly Arnold-Chiari malformation type II Arterial thoracic outlet syndrome Arteriovenous malformation Atrial septal defect, coronary sinus[sanfordresearch.org] neurone lesion ( Clasp-knife response ) Lower motor neurone lesion[en.wikipedia.org] Anodontia Anomaly of chromosome 7 Anomaly of chromosome 16 Antiphospholipid syndrome Aorta coarctation Aplasia of lacrimal and salivary glands Arachnoid cyst Arachnoiditis Arnold-Chiari[sanfordresearch.org]

  • Cerebellar Infarction

    malformation .[patient.info] neurone lesion ( Clasp-knife response ) Lower motor neurone lesion[en.wikipedia.org] Inherited metabolic disorders - eg, Leigh's disease and the mitochondrial disorders Congenital: Developmental anomalies - eg, cerebellar hypoplasia, Dandy-Walker syndrome , Arnold-Chiari[patient.info]

  • Cerebellar Stroke

    malformation .[patient.info] neurone lesion ( Clasp-knife response ) Lower motor neurone lesion[en.wikipedia.org] Inherited metabolic disorders - eg, Leigh's disease and the mitochondrial disorders Congenital: Developmental anomalies - eg, cerebellar hypoplasia, Dandy-Walker syndrome , Arnold-Chiari[patient.info]

  • Tethered Cord Syndrome

    In addition to lower motor neuron lesion signs in the lumbar and sacral myomeres we noticed shortened latencies for the H and bulbocavernosus reflexes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Syringomyelia, scoliosis and idiopathic Arnold-Chiari malformations: a common etiology. Rev Neurol. 1996;24(132):937-59. Royo-Salvador MB.[raredr.com] Neurological, orthopaedic, bladder and bowel manifestations of TCS Sensorimotor dysfunction can be from a combination of upper motor neuron (UMN) and lower motor neuron (LMN[acnr.co.uk]

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