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58 Possible Causes for Arterial Blood pH Decreased, Dehydration, Hyperkalemia

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Clinical findings, external Dehydration, oedema, anaemia, sallow colour, pruritis, brown discolouration of nails, bruising (abnormal platelets); other findings may include[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Manage the sequelae of ACRF (hyperkalemia, uremia and volume overload can be life-threatening).[clinicaladvisor.com] Direct damage to the kidneys themselves Urine backed up in the kidneys Those things can happen when you: Have a traumatic injury with blood loss, such as in a car wreck Are dehydrated[webmd.com]

  • Addison's Disease

    Abstract A 22-yr-old, captive-born, presumed female Hoffmann's two-toed sloth ( Choloepus hoffmanni ) presented in respiratory distress with severe dehydration and symptoms[doi.org] Source:MedicineNet Hyperkalemia - Hyperkalemia is too much potassium in the blood. It can be caused by a variety of factors.[web.archive.org] Severe dehydration and a low sodium level reduce blood volume and can lead to shock.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Acute Renal Failure

    People who are dehydrated or at risk of dehydration may need to be given fluids through a drip.[nhs.uk] Her hyperkalemia and kidney failure resolved after the surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dehydration caused by drastically reduced fluid intake or excessive use of diuretics (water pills) is a major cause of prerenal ARF.[healthcommunities.com]

  • Accidental Hypothermia

    Regular consumption of high-energy food rich in carbohydrates aids the body in heat production, while 13-17 c (3-4L) of water a day prevents rapid dehydration from evaporation[science.jrank.org] Electrolyte abnormalities such as hyperkalemia and hypocalcemia that may worsen when patients are rewarmed contribute to the risk of arrhythmias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The PT and PTT may appear normal, since the blood is warmed in the laboratory. • Arterial blood gas: The pH rises and the PaCO 2 falls as temperature drops.[ahcmedia.com]

  • Acidosis

    Treatment You can relieve dehydration-related acidosis by treating the underlying cause of dehydration, Medline Plus reports.[livestrong.com] She responded to thiazide diuretics and her BP is well controlled, and acidosis and hyperkalemia are corrected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Labs: General Arterial Blood Gas Arterial pH decreased Serum bicarbonate decreased PaCO2 decreased PaCO2 drops 1.2 mmHg per 1 meq/L bicarbonate fall Calculated PaCO2 1.5 x[fpnotebook.com]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    RESULTS: Two cases with primary distal renal tubular acidosis were found, and they had a history of dehydration episodes during infancy and showed hyperchloremic metabolic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperkalemia was common despite a low potassium intake and correction of acidosis. Total body potassium was high at 55 mEq/kg body weight.[annals.org] […] patient with growth retardation, pRTA, and ocular abnormalities, but also showed anemia, volume depletion, prerenal azotemia, and several organ abnormalities, culminating in dehydration[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    We report a case of a 4-day-old neonate presenting with 18% weight loss, hypernatremic dehydration and metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She responded to thiazide diuretics and her BP is well controlled, and acidosis and hyperkalemia are corrected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Labs: General Arterial Blood Gas Arterial pH decreased Serum bicarbonate decreased PaCO2 decreased PaCO2 drops 1.2 mmHg per 1 meq/L bicarbonate fall Calculated PaCO2 1.5 x[fpnotebook.com]

  • Sickle Cell Disease

    This paper reviews recent data which imply: red blood cell dehydration, its abnormal adhesion properties to the endothelium, the participation of inflammatory phenomenon and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Care should be taken to avoid indiscriminate use of potassium supplements in IV fluids, and vigilance is needed when treating patients with medications that can cause hyperkalemia[clinicaladvisor.com] In two mouse SCD models, Berkeley and SAD, inhibition of red blood cell dehydration and sickling was achieved with correction of hematological parameters, splenomegaly, and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    The levels of both serum calcium and ammonia rapidly normalized with the correction of dehydration and metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We excluded other causes of hyperkalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Laboratory tests revealed: serum potassium 3.0 mEq/L, arterial blood pH 7.28, serum bicarbonate 17.8 mEq/L and urinary pH 7.0.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diarrhea

    What are the signs of dehydration?[caringforkids.cps.ca] The combination of puree, enalapril and AKI may also have induced hyperkalemia in this patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Laboratory data on hospital admission showed a normal complete blood cell count, but her chemistry analysis revealed significant hypernatremia, hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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