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18 Possible Causes for Arterial Blood pH Increased, Carpopedal Spasm, Potassium Decreased

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    spasm (Trousseau sign) depressed respirations (b/c of compensation trying to hold CO2) paralytic ileus (gut shuts down to hold HCO3) ABGs (increased pH and HCO3) decreased[quizlet.com] Serum chloride: Decreased, less than 98 mEq/L, disproportionately to serum sodium decreases (if alkalosis is hypochloremia). Serum potassium: Decreased.[nurseslabs.com] Patients with ACET treatment significantly decreased their serum bicarbonate (p 0.01 versus baseline) and arterial blood pH (p 0.0001), increased their PaO(2)/FiO(2) ratio[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] depletion, hypokalemic alkalosis, hypervolemia, and decreased plasma renin activity; may be associated with small, benign adrenocortical adenomas.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Hence, arterial pH will increase slightly, resulting in an inhibitory response of the respiratory centre in the brain.[academic.oup.com] Symptoms of Conn's syndrome include high blood pressure, headache, tiredness, excessive urination (often during the night), and a decrease in potassium levels in the blood[myhealth.alberta.ca]

  • Bartter's Disease

    Other symptoms Other symptoms, which appear during late childhood, include fatigue, muscle weakness, cramps, and recurrent carpopedal spasms.  Developmental delay and minimal[de.slideshare.net] Five weeks after birth, his sodium chloride loss turned into renal potassium loss, along with a marked decrease in urine output.[link.springer.com] Gitelman syndrome is an autosomal recessive kidney disorder characterized by low blood levels of potassium and magnesium, decreased excretion of calcium in the urine, and[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Hyperventilation

    In extreme cases it may cause carpopedal spasms, a flapping and contraction of the hands and feet.Factors that may induce or sustain hyperventilation include: physiological[en.wikipedia.org] This leads to increased plasma protein binding of the serum potassium and a decrease of the physiologically active ionized calcium.[flexikon.doccheck.com] […] the pH of arterial blood (blood flowing through the arteries) and a decrease in the pressure of carbon dioxide in the arteries and alveoli.[medic8.com]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    A 39-year-old woman was presented to the emergency department complaining of severe watery diarrhea and carpopedal spasm after ingesting a handful of magnesium hydroxide tablets[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A lack of magnesium inhibits reuptake of potassium, causing a decrease in intracellular potassium. This decrease in intracellular potassium results in a tachycardia.[en.wikipedia.org] Clinical description Clinical manifestations include weakness, fatigue, increased neuromuscular excitability (muscle fasciculation, cramps, tremor carpopedal spasms, numbness[orpha.net]

  • Hypokalemia

    Case presentation We report a case of a 4-year-old girl presenting carpopedal spasm and rhabdomyolysis due to severe hypokalemia associated to hypophosphatemia and hypovolemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] New data make clear that feedforward homeostatic responses activate when decreased potassium intake is sensed, even when plasma potassium concentration is still within the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] What Makes the Potassium Level Decrease?[merckmanuals.com]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    Signs include hyperpnea or tachypnea and carpopedal spasms. Diagnosis is clinical and with ABG and serum electrolyte measurements. Treatment is directed at the cause.[msdmanuals.com] According to classical data, serum potassium decreases during the acute respiratory alkalosis.[alpfmedical.info] […] reduces the arterial levels of carbon dioxide that, in turn, elevates the blood pH beyond the normal range (7.35-7.45) Statements Identifiers Sitelinks Wikipedia (13 entries[wikidata.org]

  • Alkalosis

    spasm Shift 02 dissociation curve to the left (Alkalosis) (Increased affinity of Hb for O2) Correction Treat underlying cause Re-breather mask References and Links Acid-Base[lifeinthefastlane.com] The blood levels of potassium and sodium can decrease dramatically, causing symptoms of metabolic alkalosis.[encyclopedia.com] Increases in arterial blood pH depress respiratory centers. The resulting alveolar hypoventilation tends to elevate PaCO2 and restore arterial pH toward normal.[openanesthesia.org]

  • Milk-Alkali Syndrome

    Serum calcium begins to decrease in 2 to 4 h and falls to near-normal within 24 h.[merckmanuals.com] Potassium and magnesium are monitored as often as every 4 h during treatment and replaced IV as needed to avoid hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    The carpopedal spasm was due to hypocalcemia which was precipitated by the alkali replacement.[jpma.org.pk] Levels of potassium are usually decreased in proximal RTA although they can be normal.[medfriendly.com] HCO 3 - increased by 1 mmol/L in a mean of 12   2 min with IHD versus 34   8 min withr CRRT (P  0.001), while arterial blood pH increased 0.01 in a mean of 7   1 mins with[emedicine.medscape.com]

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