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21 Possible Causes for Arteriovenous Fistula, Diplopia, Pharyngeal Hemorrhage

  • Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia

    We describe the case of a 53-year-old woman with a previous history of recurrent epistaxis, admitted to our unit for a transient episode of diplopia and unbalance.[] The manifestations of HHT are often age related, and spinal arteriovenous fistula (AVF) may be the initial presentation of HHT in young children.[] Pial arteriovenous fistulas (PAVFs) are rare, accounting for 1.6%-4.7% of all intracranial vascular malformations.[]

  • Strabismus

    KEYWORDS: Central fusion disruption; diplopia; horror fusionis; intractable diplopia; strabismus surgery[] , nonaxillary sweating, infection, pharyngitis, flu syndrome, headache, fever, neck or back pain, pruritus, and anxiety.[] Aetiology : there are a number of conditions and syndromes which can give rise to this clinical picture: Arteriovenous fistula (carotid-cavernous or dural-cavernous).[]

  • Meningitis

    ,et al, 2018 A 56-year-old woman with acute vertigo and diplopia Neurol 90:748-752, Sharma, R.[] Pneumonia Otitis media Pharyngitis Gastroenteritis Upper Respiratory Infection Retrophyaryngeal Abscess Brain/Subdural/Epidural Abscess Encephalitis [2] [18] [10] Case Reports[] Idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis associated with a dural arteriovenous fistula involving the straight sinus: case report. Neurosurgery. 2000;47:1230–3.[]

  • Cerebellar Mass Lesion

    Most patients present with diplopia and eventually develop complete paralysis of their eyes.[] Impaired function is frequently manifested in the pharyngeal phase swallowing affection salivation, swallow integrity, and upper esophageal sphincter function.[] Other predisposing factors include Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome with pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae, endocarditis, congenital heart disease, dental work and immunosuppression[]

  • Primary Intraosseous Vascular Malformation

    A bony hard swelling was palpable, associated with limited infraduction and diplopia on downgaze.[] Perioperative Cerebral Hemorrhage Associated with Posterior Pharyngeal Flap Surgery. A Rare but Devastating Complication.[] This group consists of spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVF), spinal hemangiomas, cavernous angiomas, and aneurysms.[]

  • Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage

    […] as they try to preserve the barrier is relatively high failure rate.6 the lma-ps showed that 87% of fetuses will present in the workup of most patients will complain of diplopia[] […] pouch Q38.8 Other congenital malformations of pharynx R04.1 Hemorrhage from throat R06.5 Mouth breathing R06.7 Sneezing R07.0 Pain in throat R09.81 Nasal congestion R09.82[] Reduction of left ventricular diameter and mass after surgical arteriovenous fistula closure in renal transplant recipients. Transplantation 2002;74:73–79. 14.[]

  • Erythema Chronicum Migrans

    Ocular manifestations include diplopia secondary to a cranial neuropathy or Bell palsy. Blurred vision and eye pain can occur from keratitis and iritis.[] Stroke Stroke, Hemorrhagic Temporal Arteritis Thoracic Aortic Dissection Upper Gastrointestinal Bleed Urinary Incontinence, Women Urinary Tract Infection, Child Urinary Tract[] Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae and central nervous system angiomas can also occur. Differential diagnosis includes generalized essential telangiectasia.[]

  • Teratoma

    Archivio Italiano di Otologia, Rinologia, Laringologia, E Patologia Cervico-Facciale 79(2): 206-214, 1968 Cataclysmic hemorrhages in the course of development of a latero-pharyngeal[] […] and 46% of 250 consecutive biopsies in patients younger than 18 years. [2, 3] Mortality/Morbidity Morbidity is usually of a cosmetic nature; occasionally, loss of vision, diplopia[] fistula, resulting in high output cardiac failure with placentomegaly and non-immune hydrops.[]

  • Hyperglobulinemic Purpura

    […] veins, flame-shaped retinal hemorrhages, unexplained congestive heart failure, or neurologic symptoms such as headaches, vertigo, nystagmus, deafness, tinnitus, ataxia, diplopia[] […] skin necrosis is characteristic Usually follows some acute infectious disease such as scarlet fever, strep pharyngitis, and meningococcal meningitis, varicella. 46 Purpura[] […] malformation · Arteriovenous fistula · Telangiectasia ( Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia ) Vascular nevus Spider angioma · Halo nevus · Cherry hemangioma Veins Inflammation[]

  • McPherson-Robertson-Cammarano Syndrome

    THROAT : SOAR THROAT : Infection mononucleosis, strep-throat (streptococcal pharyngitis).[] Greater diplopia with eyes to the right and up implicates the right SR or left IO, while worsening of diplopia to the right and down points to the right IR or left SO.[] Etiology Arteriovenous fistula [carotid–cavernous (“high-flow”) or dural–cavernous (“low-flow”)]: Proptosis, chemosis, dilated and tortuous (“corkscrew”) episcleral and conjunctival[]

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