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401 Possible Causes for Ascites, Hyperammonemia, Splenomegaly

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    Abstract The pathogenesis, as well as the treatment, of edema and ascites in portal cirrhosis has been a subject of utmost interest and continuous investigation.[annals.org] Liver cirrhosis: Liver cirrhosis with an inhomogeneous liver with irregular contour and ascites and splenomegaly Liver cirrhosis: Liver cirrhosis with an irregular liver contour[ultrasoundcases.info] Hi there, My mom has been diagnosed with Cirrhosis and I've narrowed it down to being stage 4 based off of her having Portal Hypertension, Ascites.[healthunlocked.com]

  • Portal Vein Thrombosis

    We report a case of refractory ascites and portal vein thrombosis to emphasize the role of TIPS in the treatment for this condition.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Computed tomography revealed splenomegaly, a mesenteric mass measuring 3.5 cm and intra-abdominal lymphadenopathies at the hepatic hilum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Peritoneal tuberculosis can present with unusual manifestations such as portal vein thrombosis and transudative ascites causing a diagnostic dilemma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Portal Hypertension

    The serum-ascites albumin gradient value of 1.9 g/dL and the total protein level in the ascites of 3.1 g/dL indicated the ascites to have been caused by portal hypertension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We performed LS in 83 patients with massive splenomegaly ( 30 cm) secondary to portal hypertension and liver cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Upon surgery, splenomegaly with polycystic content and varicose vessels over the omentum were noted.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

    Hepatic fibrosis was not evident, in spite of the transudative ascites and active esophageal varices.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of the caudate lobe hepatic surface irregularity due to regenerative nodules regional lymphadenopathy: tends to dominate in the gastrohepatic ligament and porta hepatis 4 splenomegaly[radiopaedia.org] […] under the skin Fatty stools Itching Poor appetite and weight loss As liver function worsens, symptoms may include: Fluid buildup in the legs (edema) and in the abdomen (ascites[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hepatitis B

    A patient's underlying liver disease usually worsens during reactivation, and if cirrhosis is present, decompensation may occur with ascites, variceal bleeding, and liver[web.archive.org] CASE REPORT: A 29-year-old man, with no significant prior medical history, presented with fever and massive splenomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They may also have gastrointestinal bleeding and ascites.[symptoma.com]

  • Congenital Liver Cirrhosis

    At the time, he presented with severe asthenia, very large ascites, failure to thrive and poor appetite.[sci.amegroups.com] The affected female, who was also known to have had a splenomegaly, died at age 5 ( Fig. 5 ).[kjim.org] Liver failure due to presenting changes such as coagulopathy, hyperammonemia, hypoglycemia, and hypoalbuminemia added to the hepatic encephalopathy described 3.[elsevier.es]

  • Splenorenal Shunt

    […] severe ascites after a distal spenorenal shunt.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 70-year-old woman with probable cirrhosis secondary to chronic hepatitis B and C, uncomplicated portal hypertension (without ascites, encephalopathy or bleeding varices), splenomegaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Spontaneous splenorenal shunts in the absence of cirrhosis have rarely been reported as a cause hyperammonemia with encephalopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Liver Failure

    […] gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), operation time, cumulative portal vein occlusion time, intraoperative blood volume, residual liver volume (RLV)/entire live rvolume, ascites[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Fever, splenomegaly, elevated ferritin levels, and low fibrinogen levels were present in all patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Persistent hyperammonemia is associated with complications and poor outcomes in patients with acute liver failure. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2012 ;10: 925 - 931 41.[nejm.org]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    The serum-ascites albumin gradient value of 1.9 g/dL and the total protein level in the ascites of 3.1 g/dL indicated the ascites to have been caused by portal hypertension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We performed LS in 83 patients with massive splenomegaly ( 30 cm) secondary to portal hypertension and liver cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although the true mechanism of hyperammonemia in this case is unclear, we speculate that organic constipation following chronic obstruction of the colon might have played[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcoholic Liver Disease

    […] diagnoses that do not involve the liver; and (2) estimate the percentage of the difference in costs between the ALD and non-ALD hospitalizations that may be attributed to ascites[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Splenomegaly : Portal hypertension causes the spleen to enlarge (a condition called splenomegaly).[msdmanuals.com] Consequences of liver disease including hyperammonemia, hormonal perturbations, endotoxemia and cytokine abnormalities as well as the direct effects of alcohol and its metabolites[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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