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97 Possible Causes for Ascites, Increased Abdominal Girth, Splenomegaly

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    The serum-ascites albumin gradient value of 1.9 g/dL and the total protein level in the ascites of 3.1 g/dL indicated the ascites to have been caused by portal hypertension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We performed LS in 83 patients with massive splenomegaly ( 30 cm) secondary to portal hypertension and liver cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This may be visible as an increase in abdominal girth. Fetor hepaticus is a musty breath odor resulting from increased dimethyl sulfide.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Heart Failure

    A 50-year-old female patient presented at the clinic with the complaint of dyspnea and abdominal distention due to ascites.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] abdominal girth and epigastric and right upper quadrant (RUQ) abdominal pain.[emedicine.medscape.com] 41-year-old female patient admitted to the Department of Cardiology with clinical signs of right heart failure: congested jugular veins, hepatomegaly, peripheral edema, ascites[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Myelofibrosis

    Here we report a rare case of PMF with anemia, small bowel obstruction and ascites due to extramedullary hematopoiesis and portal hypertension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a patient with very advanced myelofibrosis and huge splenomegaly who showed a complete hematological response to low dose thalidomide with reversal of splenomegaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Severe acute liver dysfunction occurred following transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation in a patient with massive ascites due to portal hypertension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcoholic Liver Disease

    […] diagnoses that do not involve the liver; and (2) estimate the percentage of the difference in costs between the ALD and non-ALD hospitalizations that may be attributed to ascites[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Splenomegaly : Portal hypertension causes the spleen to enlarge (a condition called splenomegaly).[msdmanuals.com] A highly significant association was noted for serum bilirubin, INR, and the presence of ascites or encephalopathy.[doi.org]

  • Budd-Chiari Syndrome

    A PVS is a treatment option for ascites due to BCS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] When imaging techniques evolved, unenhanced CT scan was performed and shows splenomegaly and a small ascites medial to the spleen (arrow).[emedicine.com] A 14-year-old boy presented with several months of increasing abdominal girth and fatigue.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Nephroblastoma

    VOD is primarily a clinical diagnosis characterized by hepatomegaly or pain in the right upper quadrant, jaundice, ascites, and unexplained weight gain.[emedicine.com] It is also important to investigate “B” symptoms associated with any lymphadenopathy or splenomegaly. Laboratory tests can often be helpful in ambiguous cases.[aafp.org] Other presentations include a persistent cough secondary to a mediastinal mass ( Figures 2 and 3 ) or, less commonly, splenomegaly or enlarged axillary or inguinal lymph nodes[aafp.org]

  • Familial Myelofibrosis

    Symptomatic portal hypertension (e.g. ascites, bleeding varices). Severe catabolic symptoms including cachexia (Evidence level 2, Grade C).[onlinelibrary.wiley.com] The typical clinical features include marked splenomegaly, progressive anemia, . . .[nejm.org] BESREMi is approved as first-line monotherapy in adults for the treatment of Polycythaemia vera (PV) without symptomatic splenomegaly BESREMi showed high and durable hematologic[aoporphan.hu]

  • Systemic Mastocytosis

    Patient evolved with progressive tension ascites and worsening anemia (6.3 gm/dl) requiring PRBC transfusions.[gotoper.com] Although the patient responded to the treatment, the relapse with splenomegaly and bicytopenia was observed after 10 months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present the case of a 41-year-old woman with thrombocytosis and mild splenomegaly. Clinical suspicion was of chronic myeloproliferative neoplasia (CMN).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis

    […] trunk (dwarfism), dysplasia (abnormal bone size and/or shape) and other skeletal irregularities, thickened skin, enlarged organs such as liver (hepatomegaly) or spleen (splenomegaly[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Familial Mediterranean Fever

    A rare cause of ascites: Familial Mediterranean fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Her persistent left elbow effusion resolved and her splenomegaly rapidly disappeared.[bloodjournal.org] Adhesions & ascites are rare. 12. # 3.[slideshare.net]

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