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161 Possible Causes for Ascites, Massive Splenomegaly

  • Presinusoidal Portal Hypertension

    […] stage characterized by ascites, together with increasing jaundice and anemia.[] splenomegaly.[] Massive splenomegaly ( 10 cm below the left subcostal margin)-present in 95 % of patients. Dilated superficial abdominal veins- in15 %.[]

  • Portal Vein Thrombosis

    On examination she had pallor and massive splenomegaly.[] CONCLUSION: Peritoneal tuberculosis can present with unusual manifestations such as portal vein thrombosis and transudative ascites causing a diagnostic dilemma.[] The splenectomy was performed in other services, before the PVT diagnosis, due to the massive splenomegaly and severe hypersplenism.[]

  • Primary Myelofibrosis

    Here we report a rare case of PMF with anemia, small bowel obstruction and ascites due to extramedullary hematopoiesis and portal hypertension.[] Abstract Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is a chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by progressive anemia, massive splenomegaly, leukoerythroblastosis, extramedullary[] Abstract Severe acute liver dysfunction occurred following transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation in a patient with massive ascites due to portal hypertension[]

  • Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

    A PVS is a treatment option for ascites due to BCS.[] We describe a patient under treatment with the anti-complement antibody eculizumab who developed pancytopenia, requiring blood transfusions, due to massive splenomegaly.[] Other features include weakness, abdominal and lumbar pain, jaundice with pallor and yellowish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes, heart murmurs, splenomegaly,[]

  • Hepatosplenic Amyloidosis

    We report a case of a 51-year-old woman with giant hepatomegaly, hypertransaminasemia, increase in alkaline phosphatase, and ascites, in whom the findings of dual-phase spiral[] Splenectomy may be justified in the case of massive splenomegaly, infarction, or disabling symptoms of pain and compression of neighboring structures.[] However, if patient has gross ascites, you might want to ask him whether it is comfortable for him to lie flat as he might have difficulty breathing if lying flat.[]

  • ALK+ Histiocytosis

    Furthermore, the impairment of liver function may cause hypoalbuminemia, edema, and ascites. Jaundice has been reported.[]

  • Hodgkin's Disease

    We report a case of an 18-year-old man, who presented with fever and was found to have pallor, generalised lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, ascites and pedal oedema.[]

  • Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma

    CT scan showed bilateral pleural effusion, hepatosplenomegaly and minimal ascites but no lymphadenopathy (Figure 1).[] Criteria assessed in this study included: B-symptoms, massive splenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, extranodal involvement, peripheral lymphocytosis, lymphoma cells that expand bone[] CASE REPORT: A 29-year-old man, with no significant prior medical history, presented with fever and massive splenomegaly.[]

  • Chronic Congestive Splenomegaly

    Rupture of spleen and hematoma I Massive Splenomegaly: 1. Malaria, kala-azar 2. Chronic myeloid leukemia 3. Extrahepatic portal hypertension 4.[] Despite aggressive medical management, the ascites did not improve.[] Causes of massive splenomegaly Chronic myeloid leukaemia. Myelofibrosis, malaria (hyper-reactive malarial splenomegaly). Leishmaniasis.[]

  • Splenic Vein Thrombosis

    Routine ultrasound examination in the fourth month of the pregnancy revealed massive splenomegaly of unknown origin.[] She has no ascites, the nutritional state has normalized and hepatic laboratory findings have returned to normal values.[] Seven of 9 patients (78 %) with massive splenomegaly ( 20 cm) developed PSVT compared with 4 of 13 patients (31 %) with moderate splenomegaly (15-20 cm) and 6 of 45 patients[]

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