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28 Possible Causes for Aspiration Pneumonia, Compound Muscle Action Potential with Low Amplitude

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Thromboembolism, pneumonia, skin breakdown. Cardiac arrhythmia. Ileus. Aspiration pneumonia. Urinary retention. Psychiatric problems - eg, depression, anxiety.[patient.info] muscle action potentials reduced amplitude with relatively preserved conduction velocity implicates axonal neuropathy delayed/absent F waves implicates nerve root involvement[step2.medbullets.com] GBS mortality, estimated at about 5 percent, results from respiratory distress syndrome, aspiration pneumonia, sepsis, pulmonary embolism, and arrhythmias [9].[journalofethics.ama-assn.org]

  • Dermatomyositis

    Pulmonary manifestations range from aspiration pneumonia to interstitial lung disease (ILD), sometimes with complications such as pulmonary arterial hypertension (see these[orpha.net] Low compound muscle action potentials (CMAP) amplitudes may not necessarily indicate a neuropathic process, as it may reflect muscle atrophy and fibrosis.[doi.org] Aspiration pneumonia. Difficulty swallowing can also cause you to breathe food or liquids, including saliva, into your lungs (aspiration). Breathing problems.[mayoclinic.org]

  • Myasthenia Gravis

    Complications Aspiration pneumonia due to throat muscle weakness. Acute respiratory failure during an exacerbation.[patient.info] Distinguishing features of the RNS test in LEMS and MG are confirmed in this direct comparison study: the low compound muscle action potential amplitude, decrement at LRS,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with pneumonia should be admitted because they often are taking immunosuppressant medications and are at a high risk for aspiration pneumonia. [17] Plasmapheresis[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Neuropathy

    Compounding the problem of aspiration pneumonias and chronic lung disease is the presence of relative insensitivity to hypoxemia [ 23 - 26 ], which limits ability to cope[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients have relatively normal nerve conduction velocities but low amplitude sensory nerve action potentials and compound muscle action potentials.[merckmanuals.com] Cineradiographic studies, or esophageal pH studies, provide further information regarding gastroesophageal reflux, which is another potential source of aspiration pneumonia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Inclusion Body Myositis

    The incidence of dysphagia, rate of aspirations, rate of aspiration pneumonias and treatment results of dysphagia were analyzed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, the low compound muscle action potential amplitudes could be explained by the loss of excitable muscle tissue that occurs in myopathies.[jamanetwork.com] Dysphagia is a progressive condition in patients with inclusion body myositis and often leads to death from aspiration pneumonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Food-Borne Botulism

    A higher chance of acquiring aspiration pneumonia, respiratory distress, long-lasting weakness, and nervous system problems for up to a year following the illness is common[microbewiki.kenyon.edu] Electrophysiologic tests of such patients show reduced compound muscle action potentials (CMAPs), low amplitudes and short durations of motor unit potentials (MUPs), and mild[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dysphagia can lead to aspiration pneumonia.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Distal Hereditary Motor Neuropathy Type 1

    Laryngeal dysfunction with aspiration pneumonia.[patient.info] Compound muscle action potentials are either absent or low amplitude with motor conduction velocities ranging from 3 to 10 meters per second.[academlib.com] Diagnostically, these infants have absent SNAPs or low amplitude SNAPs with prolonged distal latencies.[academlib.com]

  • Miller-Fisher Syndrome

    The immediate cause of death was considered to be aspiration pneumonia.[academic.oup.com] CBs resolved, distal compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitudes increased and SNAPs normalized on subsequent testing.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Thromboembolism, pneumonia , skin breakdown . Cardiac arrhythmia. Ileus. Aspiration pneumonia . Urinary retention . Psychiatric problems - eg, depression , anxiety .[patient.info]

  • Hereditary Motor and Sensory Neuropathy

    Laryngeal dysfunction with aspiration pneumonia.[patient.info] Compound muscle action potentials are either absent or low amplitude with motor conduction velocities ranging from 3 to 10 meters per second.[academlib.com] Patients have relatively normal nerve conduction velocities but low amplitude sensory nerve action potentials and compound muscle action potentials.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Infantile Hemiplegia

    , which can lead to pneumonia, malnutrition, dehydration, and other complications Enteral feedings (tube feedings) should be initiated within 7 days after stroke for patients[now.aapmr.org] , AH - abductor hallucis muscle, Ampl- amplitude, L- left, R- right Figure 1 - Reduced motor nerves compound muscle action potential and slow conduction velocity with low[smj.org.sa] TREATMENTS Available or current treatment guidelines Class I Recommendations Early dysphagia screening is recommended for acute stroke patients to identify dysphagia or aspiration[now.aapmr.org]

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