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17 Possible Causes for Aspiration Pneumonia, Compound Muscle Action Potential with Low Amplitude, Flaccid Paralysis

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is the most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis in children.[] Thromboembolism, pneumonia, skin breakdown. Cardiac arrhythmia. Ileus. Aspiration pneumonia. Urinary retention. Psychiatric problems - eg, depression, anxiety.[] muscle action potentials reduced amplitude with relatively preserved conduction velocity implicates axonal neuropathy delayed/absent F waves implicates nerve root involvement[]

  • Dermatomyositis

    […] in children, called acute flaccid myelitis.[] Pulmonary manifestations range from aspiration pneumonia to interstitial lung disease (ILD), sometimes with complications such as pulmonary arterial hypertension (see these[] Low compound muscle action potentials (CMAP) amplitudes may not necessarily indicate a neuropathic process, as it may reflect muscle atrophy and fibrosis.[]

  • Myasthenia Gravis

    In this case, excessive ACh stimulation of striated muscle at nicotinic junctions produces flaccid muscle paralysis that is clinically indistinguishable from weakness due[] Complications Aspiration pneumonia due to throat muscle weakness. Acute respiratory failure during an exacerbation.[] Distinguishing features of the RNS test in LEMS and MG are confirmed in this direct comparison study: the low compound muscle action potential amplitude, decrement at LRS,[]

  • Infantile Botulism

    paralysis.[] Observation for and management of complications such as aspiration pneumonia, urinary tract infection, acute otitis media and other complications of long term hospitalization[] We conclude that the findings of low compound muscle action potential amplitude in combination with tetanic facilitation or posttetanic facilitation and absence of posttetanic[]

  • Neuromuscular Junction Disorder

    Autonomic dysfunction (blurred vision, diplopia, bradycardia, and hypotension) followed by descending flaccid paralysis occur Wound botulism Results from contamination of[] Aspiration pneumonia is clearly an undesirable outcome in someone with already compromised respiratory function.[] EMNG showed signs of myopathy and low compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitude (0,15 mV) on lower extremities. Muscle and nerve biopsy were normal.[]

  • Food-Borne Botulism

    A higher chance of acquiring aspiration pneumonia, respiratory distress, long-lasting weakness, and nervous system problems for up to a year following the illness is common[] Electrophysiologic tests of such patients show reduced compound muscle action potentials (CMAPs), low amplitudes and short durations of motor unit potentials (MUPs), and mild[] Dysphagia can lead to aspiration pneumonia.[]

  • Acute Pandysautonomia

    GBS manifests itself with the clinical picture characterised by gait disturbance, pain, weakness, rapidly ascending symmetric flaccid muscle paralysis, areflexia with distal[] The patients are at risk for sustaining injury during falls and developing urinary tract infection or aspiration pneumonia.[] In cases of suspected neuromuscular transmission defect, such as with botulism or LEMS, a typical electrophysiologic pattern of low-amplitude compound muscle action potentials[]

  • Miller-Fisher Syndrome

    It is regarded as a localized variant of Guillain–Barré syndrome, which classically causes an ascending flaccid paralysis without brainstem involvement or ophthalmoplegia.[] The immediate cause of death was considered to be aspiration pneumonia.[] CBs resolved, distal compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitudes increased and SNAPs normalized on subsequent testing.[]

  • Inclusion Body Myositis

    […] in children, called acute flaccid myelitis.[] The incidence of dysphagia, rate of aspirations, rate of aspiration pneumonias and treatment results of dysphagia were analyzed.[] However, the low compound muscle action potential amplitudes could be explained by the loss of excitable muscle tissue that occurs in myopathies.[]

  • Neuropathy

    Compounding the problem of aspiration pneumonias and chronic lung disease is the presence of relative insensitivity to hypoxemia [ 23 - 26 ], which limits ability to cope[] Patients have relatively normal nerve conduction velocities but low amplitude sensory nerve action potentials and compound muscle action potentials.[] Jolanda van der Pijl, Jo M Wilmshurst, Monique van Dijk, Andrew Argent, Jane Booth and Marco Zampoli, Acute flaccid paralysis in South African children: Causes, respiratory[]

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