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16 Possible Causes for Aspiration Pneumonia, Compound Muscle Action Potential with Low Amplitude, Respiratory Muscle Paralysis

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Thromboembolism, pneumonia, skin breakdown. Cardiac arrhythmia. Ileus. Aspiration pneumonia. Urinary retention. Psychiatric problems - eg, depression, anxiety.[] muscle action potentials reduced amplitude with relatively preserved conduction velocity implicates axonal neuropathy delayed/absent F waves implicates nerve root involvement[] GBS mortality, estimated at about 5 percent, results from respiratory distress syndrome, aspiration pneumonia, sepsis, pulmonary embolism, and arrhythmias [9].[]

  • Myasthenia Gravis

    Complications Aspiration pneumonia due to throat muscle weakness. Acute respiratory failure during an exacerbation.[] Distinguishing features of the RNS test in LEMS and MG are confirmed in this direct comparison study: the low compound muscle action potential amplitude, decrement at LRS,[] In a myasthenic crisis, a paralysis of the respiratory muscles occurs, necessitating assisted ventilation to sustain life.[]

  • Lambert Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome

    Approximately 2 months after the operation, he had aspiration pneumonia with respiratory failure.[] Distinguishing features of the RNS test in LEMS and MG are confirmed in this direct comparison study: the low compound muscle action potential amplitude, decrement at LRS,[] Respiratory difficulty The respiratory muscle weakness and consequent respiratory paralysis may occur later in the cause, but initial presentation with respiratory paralysis[]

  • Infantile Botulism

    Observation for and management of complications such as aspiration pneumonia, urinary tract infection, acute otitis media and other complications of long term hospitalization[] We conclude that the findings of low compound muscle action potential amplitude in combination with tetanic facilitation or posttetanic facilitation and absence of posttetanic[] Sometimes, it can cause respiratory muscle paralysis, which is a fatal condition. 3 Notice poor feeding and loss of appetite.[]

  • Food-Borne Botulism

    A higher chance of acquiring aspiration pneumonia, respiratory distress, long-lasting weakness, and nervous system problems for up to a year following the illness is common[] Electrophysiologic tests of such patients show reduced compound muscle action potentials (CMAPs), low amplitudes and short durations of motor unit potentials (MUPs), and mild[] Without treatment, death results from airway obstruction (paralysis of pharyngeal and upper airway muscles) and respiratory failure (paralysis of diaphragm and accessory breathing[]

  • Miller-Fisher Syndrome

    The immediate cause of death was considered to be aspiration pneumonia.[] CBs resolved, distal compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitudes increased and SNAPs normalized on subsequent testing.[] Respiratory muscle paralysis. Differential diagnosis Other causes of acute paralysis include: Brain : stroke , brainstem compression, encephalitis .[]

  • Neuromuscular Junction Disorder

    Aspiration pneumonia is clearly an undesirable outcome in someone with already compromised respiratory function.[] EMNG showed signs of myopathy and low compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitude (0,15 mV) on lower extremities. Muscle and nerve biopsy were normal.[] Respiratory muscle paralysis ensues as the process descends. Sensory. There are no specific sensory deficits with botulism. Reflexes.[]

  • Distal Hereditary Motor Neuropathy Type 1

    Laryngeal dysfunction with aspiration pneumonia.[] Compound muscle action potentials are either absent or low amplitude with motor conduction velocities ranging from 3 to 10 meters per second.[] This is caused by paralysis of the diaphragm, the large, thin sheet of muscle separating our chest from our stomach that is essential for normal breathing.[]

  • Acquired Amyloid Myopathy

    Complications such as aspiration pneumonia become rather eminent. Several of these patients should be counseled regarding the insertion of a gastric feeding tube.[] Low compound muscle action potentials (CMAP) amplitudes may not necessarily indicate a neuropathic process, as it may reflect muscle atrophy and fibrosis.[] It is critical to recognize this condition since it can progress rapidly to respiratory paralysis and life-threatening autonomic instability.[]

  • Rabies

    As the neurologic phase of rabies advances, chest radiographs might reveal infiltrates due to aspiration, acute respiratory distress syndrome, nosocomial pneumonia, or congestive[] Motor nerve conduction studies showed decreased conduction with dispersion of compound muscle action potential, low amplitude with prolonged distal latency and decreased nerve[] Paraplegia and sphincter disturbances follow, until eventually a fatal paralysis of the respiratory and deglutive muscles occur.[]

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