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275 Possible Causes for Astigmatic Refractive Errors, Pediatric Disorder

  • Congenital Ptosis

    Children with ptosis, whether they have had surgery or not, should be examined annually by a pediatric ophthalmologist for amblyopia, refractive disorders, and associated[] RESULTS: Among the 78 cases (95 eyes) of congenital ptosis, refractive error was present in 13 cases (16.7%) with astigmatism as the commonest refractive error (8.9%).[] PEDIATRIC AND CONGENITAL CONDITIONS Oculofacial plastic surgeons specialize in the treatment of all pediatric and congenital eyelid, eye socket, and tear duct disorders.[]

  • Lens Coloboma

    Ophthalmologic assessment reveals the presence of astigmatic refractive error, as well as the possible involvement of underlying structures, such as the choroid, optic disk[] refractive error. 1-2 In these cases, if a significant refractive error is left uncorrected, refractive, meridional or anisometropic amblyopia may develop as a result.[] […] embryonic vascular origin blocking the forward growth of the neuroectoderm, thus causing a defect in the ciliary body and iris. 2 Lens coloboma has been documented to cause an astigmatic[]

  • Amblyopia

    […] neuroophthalmologic disorders.[] The most common causes are misalignment of the eyes ( strabismus ) and uncorrected (usually asymmetric) refractive errors (e.g., farsightedness, nearsightedness, or astigmatism[] Children with a refractive error (nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism) will need glasses. Next, a patch is placed on the normal eye.[]

  • Congenital Iris Coloboma

    Throughout the book, the pathology, examination, anesthesia, surgical treatment and nursing care of pediatric lens disorders are discussed in detail.[] refractive error. 1-2 In these cases, if a significant refractive error is left uncorrected, refractive, meridional or anisometropic amblyopia may develop as a result.[] The relationship between soft tissue anomalies around the orbit and globe and astigmatic refractive errors: a preliminary report.[]

  • Keratoglobus

    More than 40 eminent authorities cover every aspect of pediatric eye care—from genetics through reading disorders—focusing on clinical diagnosis and management.[] A significant decrease was also seen in mean refractive astigmatism which decreased from 5.93 (3.06) D preoperatively to 3.23 (1.14) D (p   0.037).[] Olitsky Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2005 - 587 من الصفحات The premier reference on pediatric ophthalmology is now in its thoroughly updated Fifth Edition.[]

  • Hydrophthalmos

    "Anterior Segment Disorders". Ruldolph’s Pediatrics. McGraw Hill Medical. pp. 2308-2313. (Good review of pediatric glaucoma, written for the pediatrician.)[] Correction of the refractive error and aggressive treatment of associated amblyopia and/or strabismus is required to maximize visual outcome.[] They may refer you to a pediatric ophthalmologist for further testing.[]

  • Down Syndrome

    Author information 1 Specialized Medical Center, Department of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine, Sleep Disorders Center, Box 84350, Riyadh 11671, Saudi Arabia.[] Hyperopia (36.9%) was the most frequent refractive error in the group, followed by astigmatism (29.2%) and myopia (24.6%).[] Christensen, An Instructive Case of Transient Myeloproliferative Disorder, Clinical Pediatrics, 10.1177/0009922816662460, 56, 3, (288-289), (2016).[]

  • Moebius Syndrome

    Salih, Cranial Nerve Disorders, Textbook of Clinical Pediatrics, 10.1007/978-3-642-02202-9_369, (3457-3462), (2012).[] The most frequent refractive error was compound hyperopic astigmatism (13 [40.6%] eyes).[] Padberg, Sequence analysis of the PLEXIN-D1 gene in Möbius syndrome patients, Pediatric Neurology, 31, 2, (114), (2004).[]

  • Congenital Cataract

    Evaluation of pediatric cataracts and systemic disorders. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2011; 22(5):365-79.[] More than 12 million children aged 5 to 15 are visually impaired due to uncorrected refractive errors as a result of near-sightedness, far-sightedness, or astigmatism (World[] & Experimental Ophthalmology, Congenital Anomalies, Congenital Heart Disease, World journal for pediatric & congenital heart surgery[]

  • Congenital Optic Disc Coloboma

    Accompanying ocular disorders may include aniridia, albinism, coloboma, Duane retraction syndrome, high myopia, and numerous neurological and pediatric conditions.[] Astigmatism: warrants attention to correction of refractive error in children.[] Scientific articles pertaining to specific disorders are scattered throughout medical subspecialty journals.[]

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