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215 Possible Causes for Astrocytic Gliosis, Confusion

  • Alzheimer Disease

    Multifocal spongiform encephalopathic changes, mononuclear perivascular infiltrates, subcortical demyelination and gliosis were also found.[] We would like to discuss the confusing features of atypical AD that mimic other dementias.[] The goals of treatment are: Slow the progression of the disease (although this is difficult to do) Manage symptoms, such as behavior problems, confusion, and sleep problems[]

  • Subacute Combined Degeneration of Spinal Cord

    Swelling of myelin sheaths is followed by astrocytic gliosis [2].[] Lethargy, irritability, mood swings and confusion have been registered in SCD patients. Dementia is a rare finding.[] Swelling of myelin sheaths is followed by astrocytic gliosis 3.[]

  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

    PubMed Google Scholar Hwang SY, Jung JS, Kim TH, Lim SJ, Oh ES, Kim JY, Ji KA, Joe EH, Cho KH, Han IO: Ionizing radiation induces astrocyte gliosis through microglia activation[] […] any four of a number of characteristic symptoms, defined as mild fever, sore throat, tender lymph nodes, muscle pain and weakness, joint pain, headache, sleep disorders, confusion[] For centuries its confusing array of features has been attributed to numerous environmental, metabolic, infectious, immunologic, and psychiatric disturbances.[]

  • Status Epilepticus

    Pathologic findings of the gyrus around the tumor revealed mild gliosis with proliferating astrocytes but no evidence of glioma.[] In the first type of NCSE, patients present with confusion or abnormal behavior, suggesting the diagnosis of absence status epilepticus (ASE) or complex partial status epilepticus[] A high level of suspicion of DNASLO in cases of unexplained confusion in adults or elderly subjects taking cephalosporins is essential to prompt an emergency EEG and, in turn[]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    gliosis; however, a reduction of ADCs correlated with astrocytic gliosis and also with spongiform changes and nerve cell loss.[] She was mildly confused, with left-sided hyperreflexia, a wide-based gait, and intention tremor in her left upper limb.[] He was noted to be increasingly confused and a subsequent MRI showed extensive bilateral posterior cortical changes consistent with cytotoxic oedema.[]

  • Hypoxia

    After 20 weeks' gestation, hypoxic-ischemic insults result in astrocyte activation with subsequent gliosis.[] Severe symptoms include: The inability to communicate Confusion Possible coma or death Other associated symptoms also may be present.[] […] sharp, genein, to produce inadequate oxygen tension at the cellular level, characterized by tachycardia, hypertension, peripheral vasoconstriction, dizziness, and mental confusion[]

  • Epilepsy

    Astrocyte reactivity Evidence suggests that the BBB disruption contributes to astrocyte activation and gliosis.[] He did indicate episodic confusion pointing towards possibility of more occurrences.[] Epileptic seizures typically last one to two minutes but can be followed by weakness, confusion, or unresponsiveness.[]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    As lesions evolve, there is prominent astrocytic proliferation (gliosis) [ 11 ].[] […] weeks, and include progressive weakness on one side of the body or clumsiness of limbs, disturbance of vision, and changes in thinking, memory, and orientation leading to confusion[] The confusion may arise because the disease modifying drugs for relapsing remitting MS are not available to people with primary progressive MS.[]

  • Boxer's Dementia

    Pathophysiology Although the details remain to be elucidated, there is mounting evidence that reactive gliosis and redistribution of aquaporin 4 molecules, leading to disruption[] The report noted that boxers who suffer from this condition will commonly experience tremors, slowed movement, speech problems and confusion.[] There is severe neuronal loss and gliosis (A) with neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) (white arrow, B ) in the SN.[]

  • Uremia

    Alzheimer type II astrocytes are often prominent. Patients may also develop changes of hypertensive encephalopathy 9.[] In this report, we have presented a diabetic patient with uremia, in which acute Parkinsonism occurred, coupled with acute mental confusion, after a sudden increase in blood[] Symptoms include low urine output, confusion, loss of consciousness, and excessive thirst.[]

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