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10 Possible Causes for Ataxia, Generalized Rhythmic Slowing, Spasticity - Hyperreflexia

  • Hyponatremia

    They are primarily central nervous system (CNS) manifestations, such as irritability, restlessness, lethargy, muscular twitching, spasticity and hyperreflexia, all of which[aafp.org] Moderate - personality change, muscle cramps and weakness, confusion, ataxia. Severe - drowsiness.[patient.info] 24 Hours: 6-8 mEq/L ( Sterns 2010 ) DANGER : Rapid Overcorrection Rapid overcorrection of serum sodium can cause osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) ODS can manifest as ataxia[coreem.net]

  • Familial Infantile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Conclusions: XMESID is a rare X-linked recessive myoclonic epilepsy with spasticity and intellectual disability in boys. Hyperreflexia is found in carrier women.[neurology.org] Syndrome (FXTAS); Lysosomal Storage Diseases; Psychiatric Disorders; Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxias; Metabolic Disorders; Friedreich Ataxia; ALS; Dementia; Neuromuscular[books.google.de] […] parasagittal theta 2.5-3Hz generalized spike or polyspike-wave discharges (myoclonus) interrupted by slow wave paroxysmal bursts (atonia) AEDs of choice: Valproate, levetiracetam[emilytam.com]

  • Hydrocephalus

    , hyperreflexia Changes in vital signs resulting from brainstem compression due to herniation Because the fontanelles of infants are still open, the accumulation of CSF can[amboss.com] Her initial neurological examination on admission for rehabilitation therapy showed postural instability, hemi-hyposthenia, proprioceptive left-sided ataxia, a confusional[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] ventricles Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) IVP (Intraventricular Pressure) is at “normal levels” Typically affects elderly patients Symptoms: Incontinence, Dementia, Gait Ataxia[aesculapusa.com]

  • Episodic Ataxia

    […] and spasticity, extracerebellar signs commonly seen with other SCA syndromes.[jnnp.bmj.com] cerebellar ataxia (AHPCA).[en.wikipedia.org] EEG may be characterized by intermittent and generalized slow activity, frequently intermingled with spikes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lethal Neonatal Spasticity - Epileptic Encephalopathy

    Spasticity and hyperreflexia are often present but some newborn infants are hypotonic.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] ataxia Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type 1 Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type 2 Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type 3 Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia[sanfordresearch.org] […] parasagittal theta 2.5-3Hz generalized spike or polyspike-wave discharges (myoclonus) interrupted by slow wave paroxysmal bursts (atonia) AEDs of choice: Valproate, levetiracetam[emilytam.com]

  • Extrapyramidal Disorder

    Patients will complain of distal paresthesias and weakness of the extremities followed by spastic paresis and ataxia.[forums.studentdoctor.net] ) Fragile X–associated ataxia-tremor- parkinsonism Prion disease Dystonia-parkinsonism (DYT3) Alzheimer's disease with parkinsonism 24.[slideshare.net] , epilepsy & congenital paresis of cranial nerves III, IV, VI Gordon Holmes syndrome (OMIM 212840 ) RNF216 PNPLA6 2 AR Hypogonadism, cerebellar ataxia, white matter lesions[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperabduction Syndrome

    (Ex: inhibition of stretch-reflex in the spastic hemiparesis).[mafiadoc.com] […] influenced, working with the trunk, UL, LL. 3.5.2.5 Frenkel method This method is specific for the treatment of patients with cerebellum affections, respectively of those with ataxia[mafiadoc.com] […] techniques Slow reversal and slow reversal with opposition (SR and SRO) SR represents rhythmic concentric contractions of all agonistics and antagonistics from a movement[mafiadoc.com]

  • Microcephaly with Spastic Quadriplegia

    Hypsarrhythmia Epileptic encephalopathy Intellectual disability, severe Arrhythmia Cerebellar atrophy Flexion contracture Progressive microcephaly Rare Symptoms - Less than 30% cases Hyperreflexia[mendelian.co] SenilePresenile Dementias 240 Senile Dementia 240 Alzheimers Disease 244 244 Picks Disease 248 Unclassified Organic Brain Disease 252 Extrapyramidal Dis 262 Sporadic Cerebellar[books.google.com] Idiopathic generalized epilepsy Between 4 and 8 years of age, thalamic and prerolandic cortical hyperexcitability creates a thalamic-cortical slow-wave loop whose 3 Hz rhythmicity[ijcpjournal.org]

  • Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy Type 26

    Three obligate female carriers had hyperreflexia and the matriarch developed progressive spastic ataxia at age 49 years.[bio2rdf.org] […] apraxia; MCSZ – Microcephaly seizures and developmental delay; GEFSP – Generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus; CIAT – Cognitive impairment with or without cerebellar[centogene.com] slow spike and wave EEG pattern, andfast rhythmic bursts during sleep.The concept of EIEE is, therefore, applied to a group ofdevastating brain disorders that vary in terms[docslide.com.br]

  • Atypical Juvenile Parkinsonism

    Involvement of the corticospinal tract, with spasticity, hyperreflexia, and extensor toe signs, was common (13 of 52 patients [25 percent]), as was cognitive decline (15 of[nejm.org] […] psychiatric manifestations (depression, anxiety, drug-induced psychosis, and impulse control disorders), intellectual disability, and other neurological symptoms (such as ataxia[orpha.net] Other effective techniques to promote relaxation include slow rotational movements of the extremities and trunk, rhythmic initiation, diaphragmatic breathing, and meditation[scientiaricerca.com]

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