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3,257 Possible Causes for Ataxia, Hydrocephalus

  • Pineal Gland Cyst

    Postmortem examination revealed a glial cyst of the pineal gland and evidence of chronic obstructive hydrocephalus.[] If narrowing of the cerebral aqueduct occurs, many neurological symptoms may exist, including headaches, vertigo, nausea, muscle fasciculations, eye sensitivity, and ataxia[] Less frequently, patients present with ataxia, motor and sensory impairment, mental and emotional disturbances, epilepsy, circadian rhythm disturbances, hypothalamic dysfunction[]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    […] low pressure hydrocephalus HYDROCEPHALUS, NORMAL-PRESSURE Chronic adult hydrocephalus NPH symptomatic hydrocephalus[] Our patient's gait disturbance was unassociated with muscle weakness, spasticity, cerebellar ataxia, or Romberg's sign, and, therefore, was consistent with a frontal gait[] An 80-year-old woman presented with progressive cognitive decline and with a 6-month history of gait ataxia.[]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    Abstract Cortical biopsies of 13 patients with clinical diagnosis of congenital hydrocephalus, Arnold-Chiari malformation and hydrocephalus, and postmeningitis hydrocephalus[] Headache, vomiting, visual disturbances, diplopia; mental dullness, lack of coordination, paralysis of extremities, cerebellar ataxia, and sensory disorders Aetiology unknown[] We report the second case of focal dermal hypoplasia associated with myelomenigocele, Arnold-Chiari malformation and hydrocephalus and the first in a male.[]

  • Acoustic Neuroma

    Mastoid ache was not related to tumour size, hydrocephalus, or duration of symptoms.[] A 22-year-old male with unilateral facial, cochlear and glossopharyngeal cranial nerve dysfunction and ataxia that was slowly progressive over one year is described.[] Larger tumours may cause headaches, coordination difficulties, and obstructive hydrocephalus, and, as a result, may be life threatening.[]

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    The duration from diagnosis to onset of hydrocephalus symptoms ranged from 0 to 52 (mean 26) months.[] Our patient also presented with such a syndrome in that she had confusion and ataxia, which was an indication for a cranial MR imaging examination.[] Colorectal cancer presenting with dysarthria and ataxia: a case of isolated leptomeningeal metastasis.[]

  • Cerebellar Hemorrhage

    BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a common complication after spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage (CH).[] Thirty-two months later, he was readmitted with complaints of occipital, neck, and shoulder pain as well as cerebellar ataxia.[] Neurological examination revealed left cerebellar ataxia. Neuroimaging showed multiple cerebellar metastases with cerebellar hemorrhage adjacent to the tentorium.[]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis

    Traditionally, hydrocephalus occurring in patients with MPS VI has been treated with shunt placements.[] Hydrocephalus is slowly progressing; it must be differentiated from cerebral atrophy, and rarely requires treatment.[] Those with multiple organ system involvement may have the following presentations: CNS disease – Hydrocephalus; cervical spine myelopathy Cardiovascular disease – Angina;[]

  • Cerebellar Stroke

    […] was present, or evacuated if there was no hydrocephalus (or if the GCS score did not improve with shunting).[] After 3 months a mild ataxia in lower limbs and gait, especially in gait speed persisted.[] In our study cohort, 32.9% of the patients developed hydrocephalus, while 26.6% developed compression of the brainstem.[]

  • Choroid Plexus Papilloma

    We report a rare case of CPP manifesting with typical symptoms of normal-pressure hydrocephalus rather than obstructive hydrocephalus.[] We report a case of a 14-year-old girl who presented with transient facial paresis and ataxia.[] Most patients exhibit CNS manifestations, including psychomotor retardation, seizures, hypotonia, and ataxia.[]

  • Alexander Disease

    We encountered a male infant with infantile Alexander disease presenting with megalencephaly and hydrocephalus as a neonate and subtle seizures at 3 months of age.[] LETTERS Cerebellar ataxia as the first manifestation of Alexander's disease Ataxia cerebelar como manifestação inicial da doença de Alexander Sheyla Ariêh de Souza Rezende[] The first MRI examination demonstrated obstructive hydrocephalus and cerebral white matter abnormalities (which were more prominent posteriorly).[]

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