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524 Possible Causes for Ataxia, Upper Motor Neuron Signs

  • Machado-Joseph Disease

    Recently, there have been a few reports of its potential role in the treatment of cerebellar ataxia.[] […] presence of upper motor neuron signs and diffuse loss of motor units on electromyography.[] Cerebellar ataxia, extensor plantar response, and other neurological signs were compatible with features of Machado--Joseph disease.[]

  • Dysequilibrium Syndrome

    Dysequilibrium syndrome is a genetically heterogeneous condition that combines autosomal recessive, nonprogressive cerebellar ataxia with mental retardation.[] The upper motor neurone signs lasted for a week. Meanwhile, he was also dysarthric and had dysphagia.[] The condition has been classified into cerebellar ataxia, mental retardation and disequilibrium syndrome types 1 (CAMRQ1), 2 (CAMRQ2) and 3 (CAMRQ3) and attributed to mutations[]

  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

    Four weeks later, he presented to our rehabilitation unit with ataxia, hyperreflexia and upper motor neuron signs, dysesthesias, sensorimotor axonopathy demonstrated by electrodiagnostic[] CASE REPORT We describe an advanced case of RMSF in a 45-year-old female patient with pet dog exposure who presented with altered mental status, dyspnea, and ataxia progressing[] Later manifestations include rash, photophobia, confusion, ataxia, seizures, cough, dyspnea, arrhythmias, jaundice, and severe abdominal pain.[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    An 80-year-old man developed dysarthria, quadriplegia, sensory disturbance and ataxia in all limbs.[] Subsequent symptoms also include more prominent upper motor neuron signs, i.e.,. increased spasticity, increasing para- or quardriparesis.[] We report the case of a 50-year-old man who presented with progressive gait ataxia.[]

  • Peripheral Neuropathy

    Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a group of autosomal dominant, clinically heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorders.[] Vitamin B 6 level Vitamin B 12 deficiency A Peripheral neuropathy is intermixed with upper motor neuron signs CBC; vitamin B 12 and homocysteine levels; methylmalonic acid[] Using this approach, we associated neuropathy with one of three major syndromic categories: (1) ataxia, (2) spasticity and (3) global neurodevelopmental impairment.[]

  • Boucher-Neuhauser Syndrome

    Ataxia-hypogonadism-choroidal dystrophy syndrome belongs to a clinical continuum of neurodegenerative disorders along with the clinically overlapping cerebellar ataxia-hypogonadism[] […] of upper motor neuron disease (spasticity, positive extensor plantar reflex and/or brisk reflexes), including a spastic Boucher-Neuhäuser syndrome phenotype (Family ARCA_[] Dystrophy Syndrome belongs to a clinical continuum of neurodegenerative disorders along with the clinically overlapping cerebellar ataxia-hypogonadism syndrome (Source: Ataxia[]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 13

    "Mapping of spinocerebellar ataxia 13 to chromosome 19q13.3-q13.4 in a family with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia and mental retardation" .[] Brisk deep tendon reflexes were found in less than half of the subjects without associated marked spasticity or upper motor neuron signs suggestive of upper motor neuron dysfunction[] We report a female patient of German descent with a molecular diagnosis of SCA13 who presented with a history of cerebellar ataxia and epilepsy.[]

  • Neurenteric Cyst

    Here we present a 17-year-old male who presented with acute onset headache and cerebellar ataxia.[] Clinical examination revealed a confused patient with left hemiparesis (power 4/5 in both left upper and lower limbs), upper motor neuron type signs in left half of the body[] Patient also had cerebellar ataxia on left side.[]

  • Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis

    We report the case of a 45 year old woman diagnosed with CTX-related cerebellar ataxia.[] In view of the fact that CTX can present with upper motor neuronal signs it is interesting that CYP27 has been shown to be a candidate gene for sporadic ALS.[] These siblings presented with elevated cholestanol levels and typical manifestations such as tendon xanthomas, cataracts, osteopenia, mental retardation, cerebellar ataxia[]

  • Ataxia

    Types [ edit ] Cerebellar [ edit ] The term cerebellar ataxia is used to indicate ataxia that is due to dysfunction of the cerebellum.[] Upper motor neuron signs in the legs such as equivocal or extensor plantar responses, brisk deep tendon reflexes and unsustained ankle clonus are sometimes present.[] If weakness is an issue, do they have signs of upper motor neuron damage (hyperactive reflexes, spasticity or Babinski sign) or lower motor neuron damage (diminished reflexes[]

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