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235 Possible Causes for Atelectasis, Mediastinal Shift

  • Bronchial Obstruction

    The interval between the improvement of atelectasis and the development of pneumothorax varied by less than three weeks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Computed tomography revealed a large endobronchial lesion causing occlusion of the left main bronchus and significant mediastinal shift to the left.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Conclusion: Obstruction of the right main bronchus by a soft tissue mass resulting in airless "drowned" right lung with subsequent volume loss and mediastinal shift.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Pneumothorax

    Causes of obstructive atelectasis Obstructive atelectasis happens when a blockage develops in one of your airways.[healthline.com] Check for mediastinal shift (which would indicate the presence of a tension pneumothorax).[almostadoctor.co.uk] When air enters the pleural cavity the lung collapses, producing shortness of breath and mediastinal shift toward the unaffected side (see also mediastinal shift ).[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Diaphragmatic Eventration

    Intraoperatively, we found a primary left phrenic nerve tumor, diaphragmatic eventration, and left lower lobe atelectasis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A mediastinal shift to the contralateral side may cause significant compression of the affected chest contents, resulting in compromised pulmonary function, especially when[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Indications included ventilator dependency (7.41 %), respiratory distress (22.22 %), chronic lung lobe collapse (11.11 %), persistent atelectasis with recurrent pneumonias[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tension Pneumothorax

    […] pleural space separates the visceral from the parietal pleura In contradistinction, the visceral and parietal pleura usually do not separate from each other in obstructive atelectasis[learningradiology.com] He was clinically stable without hypoxia or hypotension, and the initial chest x-ray study showed a large pneumothorax without mediastinal shift.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An elevated hemidiaphragm implies volume loss in that hemithorax due to atelectasis, hypoplasia or a diaphragmatic hernia.[dontforgetthebubbles.com]

  • Scimitar Syndrome

    General imaging differential considerations include: pulmonary sequestration right middle lobe atelectasis (on AP plain radiograph) unilateral absence of pulmonary artery[radiopaedia.org] Mediastinal shift to the right with dextroversion of the heart.[slideshare.net] Other signs that help with the diagnosis include right middle lobe atelectasis, pulmonary sequestration and unilateral absence of the pulmonary artery.[primehealthchannel.com]

  • Pleural Effusion

    Arterial blood gases, pleural effusion, and atelectasis were compared between groups. Atelectasis and pleural effusion was reduced in experimental group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 13-year-old boy with no risk factors for lung cancer presented with a massive left-sided pleural effusion and a mediastinal shift on chest radiography and computed tomography[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] shift 3000mL opacification of hemithorax contralateral mediastinal shift PLEURAL FLUID Things to put on the lab form: Protein LDH Glucose pH WCC Cytology Amylase HCT Gram[lifeinthefastlane.com]

  • Bronchogenic Carcinoma

    The mean SUVs of FDG of the tumor and the atelectasis were 8.92 and 1.28. T1-SPECT could not distinguish the atelectasis from the carcinoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Radiolgical criteria: Pleural effusion without mediastinal shift due to underlying obstructive collapse 47. Chest wall invasion C.P: Focal chest pain.[slideshare.net] Atelectasis occurred in two patients (2.8%), empyema in one (1.4%), and bronchial fistula in one (1.4%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Obstructive Atelectasis

    Atelectasis resulting from thickening of the pleura is termed as rounded atelectasis.[symptoma.com] shift ipsilateral tracheal deviation ipsilateral shift of the heart Promoted articles (advertising)[radiopaedia.org] Repeat chest radiograph revealed white out of the right hemi-thorax with tracheal and mediastinal shift to right [Figure 2] a.[indianjcancer.com]

  • Foreign Body in the Bronchus

    This sign is particularly helpful when chest radiography shows atelectasis or pneumonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There may be lung collapse with severe mediastinal shift or obstructive emphysema.[jpma.org.pk] Clinical examination and lung ultrasound revealed an atelectasis of the left lower lobe. The etiologic assessment concluded to a bronchial foreign body.[austinpublishinggroup.com]

  • Solitary Fibrous Tumor

    The CT scan also showed compression and atelectasis of the lung parenchyma with ipsilateral pleural effusion; there were no significant lymphadenopathies of the main stations[lungindia.com] Imaging Findings Upon admission into the emergency department, chest X-ray revealed complete opacification of the right hemithorax with mediastinal shift to the left (Figure[appliedradiology.com] His chest radiograph (Figure 1) showed a homogenous opacity in the left middle and lower zone, right-sided mediastinal shift, and obliterated costo- and cardio-phrenic angles.Computed[jpmsonline.com]

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