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28 Possible Causes for Atelectasis, Recurrent Bronchitis, Unresolved Pneumonia

  • Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia

    The infant had presented with respiratory distress and atelectasis almost immediately after birth.[] PCD is characterized by recurrent respiratory infections such as bronchitis and/or pneumonias.[] Serial chest X‑rays exhibited persistent atelectasis and bronchiectasis in the right middle lobe.[]

  • Middle Lobe Syndrome

    CONCLUSIONS: Chronic atelectasis of the left lower lobe is a clinicopathological condition equivalent to middle lobe syndrome.[] Healing of these recurrent episodes by fibrosis and scarring of the lymph nodes further contributes to collapse and narrowing of the bronchial divisions. [3] However, with[] Abstract Isolated atelectasis of the middle lobe has been known for many years as the "middle lobe syndrome".[]

  • Bronchiectasis

    Complications of Bronchiectasis Severe bronchiectasis can lead to other serious health conditions, such as respiratory failure and atelectasis.[] […] and unresolved pneumonia, and CD4 T-cell counts 100 cells per cubic millimeter.[] Bronchiectasis may be misdiagnosed as chronic bronchitis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).[]

  • Bronchogenic Carcinoma

    The mean SUVs of FDG of the tumor and the atelectasis were 8.92 and 1.28. T1-SPECT could not distinguish the atelectasis from the carcinoma.[] Unresolved pneumonia (for more than 8 weeks after proper antibiotic therapy). 24. Golden S sign 25. Golden S sign 26.[] Bronchitis Bronchitis is an inflammation and swelling of the bronchi that can be acute or chronic.[]

  • Kartagener Syndrome

    12,500-40,000 Autosomal recessive inheritance Cilary dyskinesis can also be acquired Smokers most commonly Imaging findings Bronchial wall thickening Hyperinflation Segmental atelectasis[] Chest radiographs may illustrate bronchial wall thickening as an early manifestation of chronic infection, hyperinflation, atelectasis, bronchiectasis, and situs inversus[] Chest X-ray may reveal bronchial wall thickening hyperinflation, atelectasis, features of bronchiectasis, and situs inversus (in 50% of patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia[]

  • Foreign Body in the Bronchus

    This sign is particularly helpful when chest radiography shows atelectasis or pneumonia.[] pneumonia decreased breath sounds wheezing Evaluation Foreign body CXR shows hyperinflation of the affected side ABG necessary for appropriately evaluating ventilation may[] Asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, laryngitis, and URI are other common mis-diagnoses.[]

  • Foreign Body Aspiration

    Atelectasis resolved within few days.[] One was thought to have tuberculosis, while unresolved pneumonia was present in another.[] , plastic bronchitis, and bronchocutaneous or bronchovascular fistulization.[]

  • Atypical Pneumonia

    Subsegmental and sometimes segmental atelectasis from small airway obstruction may occur.[] Pneumonia (acute) (double) (migratory) (purulent) (septic) (unresolved) J18.9 atypical NEC J18.9 ICD-10-CM Codes Adjacent To J18.9 J15.9 Unspecified bacterial pneumonia J16[] These factors have a physical correspondence with recurrent bronchitis or pneumonitis in childhood [ 27 , 28 ].[]

  • Bronchial Adenocarcinoma

    […] carcinoma o Squamous cell ca (30-35%) o Adenocarcinoma (25-35%) o Small cell or oat cell (25%) o Large cell undifferentiated (10%) · Squamous cell ca o Central Location (2/3) o Atelectasis[] Patients with recurring or unresolving lung infections (e.g. bronchitis and pneumonia) that are unresponsive to antibiotics should also be further evaluated for lung cancer[] Obstruction of normal sputum flow and subsequent recurrent chest infections may manifest as recurrent attacks of bronchitis, pneumonia or lung abscesses.[]

  • Lingular Pneumonia

    The treatment of lingular atelectasis may vary, depending upon its causes.[] (purulent) (septic) (unresolved) J18.9 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code J18.9 Pneumonia, unspecified organism 2016 2017 2018 2019 Billable/Specific Code lobar (disseminated) (double[] Subsequently, she experienced discrete, recurrent episodes of “bronchitis,” with productive cough and mild exertional dyspnea.[]

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