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93 Possible Causes for Atrial Arrhythmia, Pulmonary Systolic Murmur, Right Heart Endocarditis

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    Adults whose patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has gone undiagnosed may present with signs and symptoms of heart failure, atrial arrhythmia, or even differential cyanosis limited[emedicine.medscape.com] Course and Complications  Ejection systolic murmur at birth (due to pulmonary hypertension)  continuous murmur after a few weeks  Development of Pulmonary arterial hypertension[slideshare.net] It is important to correct PDA because it can lead to congestive heart failure and a disease of the right side of the heart (called cor pulmonale) later in life.[texasheart.org]

  • Large Ventricular Septal Defect

    Arrhythmias (especially atrial fibrillation) may develop, often because of enlargement of the left atrium.[pted.org] […] vascular resistance decreases left to right shunt and converts systolic murmur in the one-sided murmur.[remedyland.com] […] failure Infective endocarditis (bacterial infection of the heart) Pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs) leading to failure of the right side of the heart[ufhealth.org]

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    In adults, common symptoms include shortness of breath, exhaustion, palpitations, atrial arrhythmia, syncope and stroke.[symptoma.com] MurmursPulmonary ejection systolic murmur – Increased pulmonary flow • Tricuspid murmur – is heard over left sternal edge louder on inspiration • Graham-Steell murmur[slideshare.net] Rupture of SVA (with progressive heart failure and left-to-right shunting or endocarditis) is the main cause of death and rarely occurs before age 20 years in congenital SVA[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Likewise, any infarct can lead to impaired LV filling, leading to acute atrial enlargement, leading to atrial arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation.[brown.edu] Emboli - from left sided mural thrombosis, vegetative endocarditis, or paradoxic emboli from the right side of heart through a patent foramen ovale.[library.med.utah.edu] Third and fourth heart sound, systolic murmur if mitral regurgitation or ventricular septal defect develops, pericardial rub.[patient.info]

  • Pulmonary Valve Stenosis

    Pregnancy is one of the conditions that exerts a higher load on the right ventricle and is associated with a risk of atrial arrhythmias with many women being diagnosed with[symptoma.com] Sixteen patients were asymptomatic with pulmonary systolic murmurs, although 6 patients presented with dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Right ventricular hypertrophy Heart failure Irregular heartbeats Pulmonary valve stenosis is diagnosed in the childhood, but if the disease is mild, it remains unnoticed.[gleneaglesglobalhospitals.com]

  • Tetralogy of Fallot

    Arrhythmias Adults with tetralogy of Fallot may experience atrial or ventricular arrhythmias. Atrial arrhythmias arise from the upper chamber of the heart.[cumc.columbia.edu] Single S2 - pulmonary valve closure not heard. Systolic ejection murmur - varies in intensity inversely with the degree of RVOT obstruction.[patient.info] , an infection of the inner layer of the heart high pressure in the right side of the heart that can cause an irregular heartbeat (an arrhythmia ) Children whose TOF isn't[kidshealth.org]

  • Eisenmenger Syndrome

    EKG may show RVH and atrial arrhythmias (see figures 2, 3a, 3b, 5a, 5b, 14, 15a, 15b).[rjmatthewsmd.com] Along the left sternal border systolic murmur can be heard, and early pulmonary systolic shock.[remedyland.com] Precordial signs of ES are loud (often palpable) second heart sound and right ventricular heave.[orpha.net]

  • Congenital Heart Disease

    BACKGROUND: Current guidelines on oral anticoagulation (OAC) in adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) and atrial arrhythmias (AA) consist of heterogeneous and divergent[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] ejection-type murmurs at the left lower sternal border over the pulmonary area Anemia Weight gain The current medication regimen should also be reviewed for appropriate indications[doi.org] Aortic Valve Chest Pain Coarctation of the Aorta Coronary Artery Fistula Dextrocardia Dilated Cardiomyopathy Double Aortic Arch Double Inlet Left Ventricle Double Outlet Right[hopkinsmedicine.org]

  • Ostium Primum Atrial Septal Defect

    Repair is preferred in patients younger than 10 years to decrease the risk of persistent atrial arrhythmias or pulmonary vascular disease in later life.[emedicine.medscape.com] MurmursPulmonary ejection systolic murmur – Increased pulmonary flow • Tricuspid murmur – is heard over left sternal edge louder on inspiration • Graham-Steell murmur[slideshare.net] The leading causes of death in adults are congestive heart failure & infective endocarditis. DX: Echocardiogram quantifies L. ventricular & atrial size.[enotes.tripod.com]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    Related reading Arrhythmia Atrial Fibrillation Cardiomyopathy Clinical Trials Congenital Heart Defects Coronary Heart Disease Heart Attack Heart Block Heart Failure Heart[web.archive.org] Signs Signs of impaired myocardial function 3 rd / 4 th heart sounds Pan systolic murmur Pericardial rub Pulmonary oedema – crepitations in the lungs Hypotension Quiet first[almostadoctor.co.uk] Emboli - from left sided mural thrombosis, vegetative endocarditis, or paradoxic emboli from the right side of heart through a patent foramen ovale.[library.med.utah.edu]