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154 Possible Causes for Atrial Fibrillation, S3 Gallop

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  • Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis

    "A" wave: atrial contraction (ABSENT in atrial fibrillation) "C" wave: ventricular contraction (tricuspid bulges).[slideshare.net] Dittrich HC, Pearce LA, Asinger RW, McBride R, Webel R et al. (1999) Left atrial diameter in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: An echocardiographic study.[journals.plos.org] In-hospital mortality has been associated with advanced age, the duration of symptoms, functional class, presence of atrial fibrillation, left ventricular dysfunction, kidney[revespcardiol.org]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    fibrillation compared with healthy people and acute myocardial infarction patients without new-onset atrial fibrillation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this situation, there may be concurrent jugular venous distension peripheral edema and a S3 gallop. Diaphoresis can be common in AMI.[clinicaladvisor.com] Class I: No evidence of HF (mortality 6%) Class II: Findings of mild to moderate HF (S3 gallop, rales halfway up lung fields or elevated jugular venous pressure (mortality[healio.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    In a subset of athletes, there is a predilection for atrial involvement and the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) is increased.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other possible physical findings include an S3 gallop and a systolic murmur of mitral regurgitation if the valve annulus is dilated.[clinicaladvisor.com] Indexed LAVmin was predictive of HF, stroke or death after adjustment for age, diabetes, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, LV ejection fraction, and E/e'in a multivariate[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Thyrotoxic Heart Disease

    fibrillation, cardiac enlargement and congestive heart failure.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] or S4 gallop, and crepitations were recruited to the study which lasted from June 1999 to May 2002.[rwjms1.umdnj.edu] These adrenergic effects may lead to supraventricular arrhythmias including paroxysmal atrial tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, and atrial flutter.[pubs.sciepub.com]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    New-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) is a common finding in patients with myocardial infarction (MI), but few studies are available regarding the prediction model for its[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Heart sounds are auscultated for S3 or S4 gallops or new heart murmurs. Patient care and other activities should be organized to allow for periods on uninterrupted rest.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] An 82-year-old woman with a history of atrial fibrillation, chronic renal failure, anemia and a bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement performed in 2014, was admitted to hospital[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    A 64-year-old female with atrial fibrillation and surgical history of varicosity underwent total right hip replacement surgery under general anesthesia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Reasons for pre-arrival anticoagulation were VTE treatment or prevention (n 21), and atrial fibrillation or flutter (n 15).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Oral Anticoagulants in the ICU: A summary of the evidence for efficacy in atrial fibrillation, venous thromboembolism, and unique clinical cases Direct oral anticoagulants[pulmccm.org]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    The patient had a long history of left ventricular dysfunction and atrial fibrillation but the referring physician had not prescribed anticoagulant prophylaxis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Atrial fibrillation, QRS width 120 ms, and the absence of beta-blocker therapy identify patients with a poor outcome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Depsite persisting atrial fibrillation, the response to moderate exercise and to plasma volume expansion was within the normal range.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    A 63-year-old woman with atrial fibrillation visited our hospital due to decompensated heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical examination reveals an S3 gallop, 2 peripheral pitting edema, and marked jugular venous distention.[medbullets.com] The risk stratification of patients with coexisting non valvular atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure, is often a clinical challenge, as the definitions of congestive[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Also, prior atrial fibrillation/flutter was noted.[radcliffecardiology.com] The early-to-late mitral valve flow ratio (E/A) on echocardiogram was 2.4   1.8 and 9 patients had E/A  2, excluding 2 patients with atrial fibrillation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] remodeling in atrial fibrillation occurring in early phase of acute myocardial infarction Hwang, H.[tib.eu]

  • Giant Cell Myocarditis

    Clinically, 4 patients had atrial fibrillation, 1 had acute heart failure, and 1 had incidental disease at autopsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patient was tachycardic with normal S1, S2, an audible S3 gallop, and no murmurs. Extremities were warm and well perfused.[chop.edu] fibrillation.[escardio.org]

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