Create issue ticket

656 Possible Causes for Atrophy of the Small Muscles in the Hand, Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted), Pyramidal Tract Signs

Did you mean: Atrophy of the Small Muscles in the Hand, Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted, Pyramidal Tract Signs

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Table-1: Diagnostic features of Hallervorden spatz disease [11] Obligate Features Collaborate Features Exclusion Features Onset during first two decades Pyramidal tract signs[medresearch.in] This virtually pathognomonic radiographic abnormality, called the eye-of-the-tiger sign, comprises hyperintensities within a hypointense medial globus pallidus on T2-weighted[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] pattern of hyperintensity within the hypointense medial globus pallidus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Atrophy of the Small Muscles in the Hand
  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    Increased deep tendon reflex (DTR) Pronator drift [3] Corticospinal/pyramidal tract [ edit ] These are the neural tracts which descend in the ventral horn of the spinal cord[en.wikipedia.org] Dissociated small hand muscle atrophy in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: frequency, extent, and specificity. Muscle Nerve 2008;37:426-30. Wilbourn AJ.[acnr.co.uk] Progressive muscular atrophy - this is an uncommon form of MND. The small muscles of the hands and feet are usually first affected, but muscle spasticity is absent.[patient.info]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Autosomal dominant juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and distal hereditary motor neuronopathy with pyramidal tract signs: synonyms for the same disorder?[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Progressive muscular atrophy - this is an uncommon form of MND. The small muscles of the hands and feet are usually first affected, but muscle spasticity is absent.[patient.info] Signs of pyramid release are not always marked and, only recently, non-invasive tests to reveal cortical spinal tract commitment have been incorporated into the medical practice[doi.org]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Binswanger Disease

    The bilateral cerebral white matter and globus pallidus appeared hyperintense on T2-weighted imaging (Figures 5 and 6). 5) Figure 5. CO poisoning(FLAIR image) Figure 6.[plaza.umin.ac.jp] The hippocampus, cerebral white matter, basal ganglion, and other areas appear hyperintense on T2-weighted imaging. CO poisoning: Delayed diffuse demyelination.[plaza.umin.ac.jp] No contrast enhancement effect is evident. (4) Poisoning and metabolic disorders Hypoxic encephalopathy: Diffusion-weighted imaging is useful for diagnosis.[plaza.umin.ac.jp]

    Missing: Atrophy of the Small Muscles in the Hand
  • Cervical Myelopathy

    There may be atrophy of the small muscles of the hands which can be a sign of cervical myelopathy.[raleighspinesurgeon.com]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Spastic Paraplegia

    […] than the pyramidal tract signs.[nature.com] A variant with the additional features of severe atrophy of the small hand muscles, dysarthria, mental retardation, and short stature has been termed Troyer syndrome (MIM#275900[doi.org] In addition to pure forms, in which symptoms are limited to lower limb pyramidal tract dysfunction, complicated forms exist with additional neurological signs and usually[nature.com]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 1

    Progressive muscular atrophy - this is an uncommon form of MND. The small muscles of the hands and feet are usually first affected, but muscle spasticity is absent.[patient.info] The muscles first affected are those used for talking, chewing and swallowing. See separate article Bulbar and Pseudobulbar Palsy for more details.[patient.info]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Central Pontine Myelinolysis

    In (CPM), the initial signs include dysarthria and dysphagia (secondary to corticobulbar fiber involvement), and flaccid quadriparesis (from pyramidal tract involvement) which[omicsonline.org] […] of Globus Pallidus (broad arrow), suggestive of Extrapontine myelinolysis.[ipfs.io] weighted magnetic resonance scan image showing bilaterally symmetrical hyperintensities in caudate nucleus (small, thin arrow), putamen (long arrow), with sparing of globus[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Atrophy of the Small Muscles in the Hand
  • Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia

    We present three patients with complicated HSP from two unrelated families, who had early onset progressive cerebellar signs and developed pyramidal tract signs during follow-up[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All affected members also presented with clinical features of Silver syndrome showing severe spastic paraplegia and prominent atrophy of all small hand muscles bilaterally[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One previously reported missense mutation c.316G A, p.Gly106Arg, was identified in a complex HSP patient with spastic dysarthria, facial dystonia, atrophy of the small hand[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Mitochondrial Membrane Protein-Associated Neurodegeneration

    tract signs with heavy iron accumulation at the globus pallidum and the substantia nigra [ 1, 2 ].[omicsonline.org] Key Diagnostic Features: Once the parkinsonian symptoms appear, brain MRI shows hypointensity in the region of substantia nigra (SN) and globus pallidus (GP) on T2-weighted[ajnr.org] pallidus, on T2-weighted images.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Similar symptoms