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53 Possible Causes for Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment, Defective Myelin Formation if Left Untreated, Defects in Executive Function

  • Classical Phenylketonuria

    Abstract Indirect measurements have previously suggested that patients with classical phenylketonuria (PKU) do not convert significant amounts of phenylalanine to tyrosine. Low-dose continuous infusion techniques employing [2H5]phenylalanine and [2H2]tyrosine were used to quantitate in vivo phenylalanine[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

    Other defects in executive functions, however, are not so obvious.[scarlettlawgroup.com]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defective Myelin Formation if Left Untreated
  • Klinefelter Syndrome

    functioning in high-functioning children with autism , J Child Psychol Psychiatry , 2001 , vol. 42 (pg. 261 - 270 ) XXY mice exhibit gonadal and behavioral phenotypes similar[dx.doi.org] Orig Art Ser , 1986 , vol. 22 (pg. 221 - 249 ) A prospective study of development of children with sex chromosome anomalies: New Haven Study III: the middle years , Birth Defects[dx.doi.org] Orig Art Ser , 1982 , vol. 18 (pg. 193 - 218 ) Impaired recognition memory in male mice with a supernumerary X chromosome , Physiol Behav , 2009 , vol. 96 (pg. 23 - 29 ) Executive[dx.doi.org]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defective Myelin Formation if Left Untreated
  • Multi-Infarct Dementia

    Krueger CE, et al: Double dissociation in the anatomy of socioemotional disinhibition and executive functioning in dementia. Neuropsychology 2011;25:249-259.[karger.com] Nelson HE: A modified card sorting test sensitive to frontal lobe defects. Cortex 1976;12:313-324.[karger.com]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defective Myelin Formation if Left Untreated
  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Type L1

    (for example, attention, executive function) 43 – 45 with or without white matter changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).[f1000research.com] […] reduced consciousness, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) 40 , and steroid psychosis 41 , 42 , and these may result in permanent or progressive neurocognitive defects[f1000research.com]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defective Myelin Formation if Left Untreated
  • Penetrating Head Injury

    An equally broad range of symptoms—loss of consciousness and coma, persistent vegetative state, seizures, disrupted motor functions, visual defects, dizziness, disordered[britannica.com] […] language, disordered executive functions and communication skills, lack of emotional control, diminished (or enhanced) sex drive, depression, changes in personality, inability[britannica.com]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defective Myelin Formation if Left Untreated
  • CADASIL Syndrome

    Cholinergic defect has been linked to cognitive impairment, but a trial of Donepezil showed no benefit in the primary endpoint.(6) Improvements were observed on executive[eso-stroke.org] function but the clinical implications need further exploration.(6) Although progress has been made, our understanding of CADASIL is still limited and more work is needed[eso-stroke.org]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defective Myelin Formation if Left Untreated
  • Cardiodysrhythmic Potassium-Sensitive Periodic Paralysis

    A distinct neurocognitive phenotype (i.e., deficits in executive function and abstract reasoning) has been recognized in individuals with a KCNJ2 pathogenic variant despite[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Novel findings include small hands and feet ( Note: Isolated reports of renal anomalies include unilateral hypoplastic kidney [ Andelfinger et al 2002 ] and renal tubular defect[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defective Myelin Formation if Left Untreated
  • Phenylketonuria

    Clinical features in the untreated patient include intellectual disability, defects in executive functioning, seizures, and eczema.[bestpractice.bmj.com] Clinical features in the untreated patient include mental retardation, defects in executive functioning, seizures, and eczema.[bestpractice.bmj.com] KEYWORDS: Cognitive defects; Executive functions; Genetic disorders; Metabolic disorders; Mild cognitive impairment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defective Myelin Formation if Left Untreated
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1

    Some reports have identified cognitive dysfunction (memory impairment, defects in executive functioning) and focal dystonias (writer's cramp) in the clinical presentation.[symptoma.com] Cognitive symptoms have been reported in the final stages of the disease with impaired executive function being the most common defect [ 55 ].[doi.org]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defective Myelin Formation if Left Untreated