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159 Possible Causes for Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment, Defects in Executive Function, Mousy Odor

  • Classical Phenylketonuria

    Each of the patients had a similar clinical presentation or phenotype with features including mental retardation, a "mousy" odor, and dermatitis.[medschool.lsuhsc.edu] odor from the breath, urine and skin.[news-medical.net] Initial symptoms may include: A musty or "mousy" odor of the body and urine Developmental delays in sitting, crawling, and standing Microcephaly If patients remain untreated[medicalhomeportal.org]

  • Phenylketonuria

    Clinical features in the untreated patient include intellectual disability, defects in executive functioning, seizures, and eczema.[bestpractice.bmj.com] Characteristic physical findings include: light hair, eye, and skin pigmentation an eczematous rash hyperactive behavior a musty or mousy odor (due to phenylacetic acid in[epilepsy.com] Clinical features in the untreated patient include mental retardation, defects in executive functioning, seizures, and eczema.[bestpractice.bmj.com]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment
  • Phenylalanine Increased

    Relaxation of diet is associated with executive function deficits and an increased risk of attention deficit disorder and problems in school.[medicalhomeportal.org] Additionally, excessive phenylalanine and its metabolic byproduct, phenylketones, have been attributed to the musty/mousy odor detectable in some untreated individuals.[invitae.com] Untreated individuals have very fair hair, eczema, a mousy odor of the urine and skin, and progressive mental retardation.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment
  • Hyperphenylalaninemia

    ' odor—and treated by restricting dietary phenylalanine, results in tremors, seizures, eczema, hyperactivity, and hypopigmentation and IQ of 50; other hyperphenylalaninemia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Each of the patients had a similar clinical presentation or phenotype with features including mental retardation, a "mousy" odor, and dermatitis.[medschool.lsuhsc.edu] odor from the breath, urine and skin.[news-medical.net]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defects in Executive Function
  • Tinea Favosa

    Favus is characterized by thick yellow crusts with suppuration, a honeycomb appearance, a distinct "mousy" odor, permanent scars, and alopecia.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] A mousy odor typically is present.[emedicine.medscape.com] The scalp is characterized by an unpleasant “mousyodor. The parasitized hair will fall down causing a final alopecia ( 3 ).[clinicaldermatology.eu]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defects in Executive Function
  • Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

    Other defects in executive functions, however, are not so obvious.[scarlettlawgroup.com]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Mousy Odor
  • Klinefelter Syndrome

    functioning in high-functioning children with autism , J Child Psychol Psychiatry , 2001 , vol. 42 (pg. 261 - 270 ) XXY mice exhibit gonadal and behavioral phenotypes similar[dx.doi.org] Orig Art Ser , 1986 , vol. 22 (pg. 221 - 249 ) A prospective study of development of children with sex chromosome anomalies: New Haven Study III: the middle years , Birth Defects[dx.doi.org] Orig Art Ser , 1982 , vol. 18 (pg. 193 - 218 ) Impaired recognition memory in male mice with a supernumerary X chromosome , Physiol Behav , 2009 , vol. 96 (pg. 23 - 29 ) Executive[dx.doi.org]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Mousy Odor
  • Macronodular Cirrhosis

    Signs of the illness may include ascites; asterixis; bleeding from gums, nose, or gastroesophageal varices; “mousy” breath odor; edema; jaundice; and an irregular liver edge[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defects in Executive Function
  • Halitosis

    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) produces a sweet or fruity odor of acetone, liver failure produces a mousy or sometimes faintly sulfurous odor, and renal failure produces an odor[merckmanuals.com] Other breath odors Several systemic diseases produce volatile substances detectable on the breath, although not the particularly foul, pungent odors typically considered halitosis[merckmanuals.com] Several systemic diseases produce volatile substances detectable on the breath, although not the particularly foul, pungent odors typically considered halitosis.[merckmanuals.com]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defects in Executive Function
  • Rotor Syndrome

    odor restriction of phenylalanine diet Galactosemia pattern of inheritance What enzyme is deficient in galactosemia?[quizlet.com] […] synthesis of neurotransmitters infant normal at birth mental retardation within a few months fair skin, blond hair, blue eyes (phenylalanine is involved in melanin production) mousy[quizlet.com]

    Missing: Attention Deficit Disorder - in Those Who Stop Treatment Defects in Executive Function