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11 Possible Causes for Average Intelligence, Craniosynostosis, Wide Space Between the First and Second Toe

  • Craniofrontonasal Dysplasia

    Affected females had hypertelorism, broad nasal root, frontal bossing, craniosynostosis, syndactyly of toes and fingers, and vertical grooving of nails.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] In conclusion, individuals diagnosed with frontonasal dysplasia usually are of average intelligence and can expect a normal life span.[ruralneuropractice.com]

  • Down Syndrome

    Boyadjiev, Genetic advances in craniosynostosis, American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A, 173, 5, (1406-1429), (2017) ., Practice Bulletin No. 187, Obstetrics & Gynecology[doi.org] A wide space, often with a deep fissure between the first and second toes, is also common.[dx.doi.org] The intelligence quotient (IQ) among children with Down syndrome varies but averages about 50, compared with normal children, whose average IQ is 100.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Dubowitz Syndrome

    A "new" clinical subtype is defined, which also includes anorectal anomalies and premature craniosynostosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Results indicate that the level of intellectual functioning among children with Dubowitz syndrome varies from severe retardation to average intelligence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ring Chromosome 10

    […] q36.3 8922097, 10982483 case 12 [10982483] Edit 3 4145271_1 46, XY, r(7)(p22q36) [57]/ 46, XY, r(7) [double size ring, 2]/ 45, XY, -7 [2]/ 47, XY, r(7), r(7) [1]/ 46, XY [1] craniosynostosis[chr7.org] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Prenatal diagnosis of a female carrier of a familial r(Jeny21) who was of above average intelligence with a normal phenotype; revealed a twin pregnancy with a 46,XX,r(21)[tp.amegroups.com]

  • Seckel Syndrome

    These reports illustrate that the Chiari I malformation can develop rapidly in the face of increased intracranial pressure, craniosynostosis, and spinal CSF diversion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] […] is considered lower than average Can affect boys and girls equally Genetics of Seckel Syndrome Autosomal recessive pattern Additional reading about Seckel Syndrome National[littlepeopleuk.org]

  • Familial Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

    […] syndrome,” and (c) simple or single craniosynostosis.[entokey.com] space between first and second toes (sandal toes) clinodactyly of the fifth finger All of these are found in individuals without DS.[medicalhomeportal.org] Syndromic craniosynostosis (20 percent) such as Crouzon, Apert, Pfeiffer, Muenke and Saethre-Chotzen syndrome occur due to mutations in the FGFR2, FGFR2, FGFR1 FGFR3, and[reviewofophthalmology.com]

  • Genee-Wiedemann Syndrome

    […] microtia, skin tags, significant developmental delay, cleft palate EFTUD2 gene on chromosome 17q21 Baller Gerold syndrome (OMIM# 218600) Abnormally shaped skull, coronal craniosynostosis[gynecology-obstetrics.imedpub.com] He had a wide space between the first and second toe of his feet and subungual fibroma on the second and third toe of the right foot and on the third toe of the left foot.[jmg.bmj.com] They typically have normal intelligence and normal lifespans.[chop.edu]

  • MORM Syndrome

    Every year we care for more than 150 children with craniosynostosis syndromes , including Apert.[seattlechildrens.org] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] The average intelligence quotient (IQ) of adult males with the most severe mutation is 40, although those with less severe mutations can have IQs in the borderline to normal[spectrumnews.org]

  • Mild Dysmorphic Features

    Development (1999) [ Pubmed ] Sex related expressivity of the phenotype in coronal craniosynostosis caused by the recurrent P250R FGFR3 mutation.[wikigenes.org] , fourth, and fifth fingers; feet held in eversion, prominent heels; wide space between the first and second toes; proximally placed fifth toes; hypotonia; increased skin[ssmc-tl.com] Some individuals with this microduplication are “normal”- that is, they have average intelligence, no major birth defects, and no major medical illnesses.[c22c.org]

  • Macrocephaly-Developmental Delay Syndrome

    Williams syndrome Obesity: Prader-Willi syndrome, Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome Head and Neck Flat occiput: Down syndrome, Zellweger syndrome Prominent occiput: trisomy 18 Craniosynostosis[learn.pediatrics.ubc.ca] space between first and second toes (sandal toes) clinodactyly of the fifth finger All of these are found in individuals without DS.[medicalhomeportal.org] The intelligence quotient according to the Leiter scale equaled 75, which is below the average.[ispub.com]

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