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142 Possible Causes for Average Intelligence, Generalized Dystonia

  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    Fifteen of them presented with the typical DYT1 phenotype (early, limb-onset generalized dystonia without spread to craniocervical muscles), four had limb-onset dystonia with[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Three siblings had childhood onset of limb dystonia, and slow progression to generalized dystonia with predominant cranio-cervical involvement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Forty-six of them had segmental dystonia and 59 had focal dystonia, The other 23 patients presented with generalized dystonia, either with craniocervical involvement (13 patients[discovery.ucl.ac.uk]

  • Movement Disorder

    Dystonia may affect the entire body (generalized dystonia) or one part of the body (focal dystonia). Functional movement disorder.[mayoclinic.org] Mass General was one of the first hospitals to perform DBS and today we also use it to treat many different types of Dystonia which include: Genetic dysonia Generalized dystonia[massgeneral.org] Dystonia: Dystonias were often interpreted in psychological or psychiatric terms since the original descriptions of generalized dystonia by Barraquer Roviralta (1897), and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    Aziz, Twiddler’s syndrome in a patient with a deep brain stimulation device for generalized dystonia, Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 18, 7, (970), (2011). Craig G.[dx.doi.org]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    It can be localized to a certain group of muscles or can be generalized (180).[functionalneurology.com] The precise mechanism is not known, although primary dystonia is suspected to be caused by decreased activity within GABA-ergic circuits including those in the basal ganglia[functionalneurology.com]

  • Chorea Gravidarum

    […] frontotemporal dementia Generalized Epilepsy and Paroxysmal Dyskinesia gestational diabetes Gilles de la Tourette syndrome herpes gestationis Huntington's disease Huntington's[rgd.mcw.edu] Status dystonicus, a condition of generalized, unremitting dystonia, is usually limited to patients with pre-existing dystonia and can be precipitated by infection or medication[ahcmedia.com] DYSTONIA, CHILDHOOD-ONSET, WITH OPTIC ATROPHY AND BASAL GANGLIA ABNORMALITIES Early Onset Parkinsonism with Mental Retardation ectopic pregnancy Fetal Death Fetal Diseases[rgd.mcw.edu]

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    DYT1 dystonia typically presents as early onset, generalized dystonia, starting in the legs.[neupsykey.com] It is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability.[centogene.com] Multifocal dystonia affects many different parts of the body. Generalized dystonia affects most of the body, frequently involving the legs and back.[wikivisually.com]

  • SHORT Syndrome

    […] feet scoliosis (curved spine, associated with spinal asymmetry & accentuated by a short leg) prominent heels [mUPD7 primarily]* autism [mUPD7 children primarily]* myoclonus dystonia[magicfoundation.org] […] to above-average intelligence.[autism-society.org] Although these children may also possess signs of low blood sugar or obesity, they display average body proportions and (average intelligence.[hgfound.org]

  • Russell-Silver Syndrome

    […] feet scoliosis (curved spine, associated with spinal asymmetry & accentuated by a short leg) prominent heels [mUPD7 primarily]* autism [mUPD7 children primarily]* myoclonus dystonia[magicfoundation.org] Characteristics of both Small-for-Gestational-Age Children and Russell-Silver Syndrome Patients: lack of interest in eating fasting hypoglycemia & mild metabolic acidosis generalized[magicfoundation.org]

  • Rheumatic Chorea

    Short-lasting paroxysmal hypnogenic dyskinesia generally is regarded as a form of mesiofrontal epilepsy.[emedicine.medscape.com] Intellectual impairment has been reported in one family in which affected individuals had intelligence quotient scores averaging 10 points lower than unaffected relatives.[emedicine.medscape.com] Principles in Treatment of Chorea Movement disorders (particularly chorea, athetosis, and dystonia) are thought to result from basal ganglia pathology.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal Dysplasia Type Strudwick 

    […] polymicrogyria Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy 25 Duane syndrome type 1 Glycogen storage disease type 12 Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy[checkrare.com] The children were judged to be of average intelligence; earlier, mental retardation was thought to be present and to distinguish their disorder from Strudwick dysplasia.[bio2rdf.org] […] of large deletions and/or duplications in the GCH1 gene by MLPA Dystonia-12 Sanger sequencing of the ATP1A3 gene EBD inversa Next Generation Sequencing and Sanger Sequencing[pentacorelab.hu]

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