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12 Possible Causes for Average Intelligence, Short Stature in Children, Wide Space Between the First and Second Toe

  • Russell-Silver Syndrome

    1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) is characterized by slow growth both in utero and after birth, short stature, and specific facial features.[gemssforschools.org] Ackland FM, Stanhope R, Eyre C, Hamill G, Jones J, Preece MA: Physiological growth hormone secretion in children with short stature and intrauterine growth retardation.[karger.com]

  • Down Syndrome

    A wide space, often with a deep fissure between the first and second toes, is also common.[dx.doi.org] Short stature as the major manifestation of celiac disease in older children. Clin Pediatr 1986; 25:13–6. 12. Rossi TM, Kumar V, Lerner A, et al.[journals.lww.com] The intelligence quotient (IQ) among children with Down syndrome varies but averages about 50, compared with normal children, whose average IQ is 100.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Craniofrontonasal Dysplasia

    1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Most common symptoms of CRANIOFRONTONASAL SYNDROME; CFNS Intellectual disability Global developmental delay Short stature Generalized hypotonia Hearing impairment More info[mendelian.co] In conclusion, individuals diagnosed with frontonasal dysplasia usually are of average intelligence and can expect a normal life span.[ruralneuropractice.com]

  • Seckel Syndrome

    1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] One child had classical Seckel syndrome, a sib pair had the features of the syndrome with less severe short stature, and in two children the diagnosis was not confirmed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] is considered lower than average Can affect boys and girls equally Genetics of Seckel Syndrome Autosomal recessive pattern Additional reading about Seckel Syndrome National[littlepeopleuk.org]

  • Dubowitz Syndrome

    1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] More about psychosocial adaptation to short stature can be learned from parents of short children and from your growth clinic doctor, nurse and psychologist.[web.archive.org] Results indicate that the level of intellectual functioning among children with Dubowitz syndrome varies from severe retardation to average intelligence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ring Chromosome 10

    1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] The mother had short stature and borderline mental retardation ( 15 ).[tp.amegroups.com] Wide space between first and second toes Wide-spaced big toe Widely spaced 1st-2nd toes Widely spaced first and second toes Widened gap 1st-2nd toes Widened gap first and[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Meningomyelocele

    space between first and second toes 11. ability to assume unusual positions Intracranial hemorrhage interventions 1. observation of increased intracranial pressure 2. head[quizlet.com] Children with meningomyelocele are also commonly of short stature, attributable to skeletal abnormalities including spinal cord and vertebral abnormalities, lower extremity[symptoma.com] Discourse after early-onset hydrocephalus: Core deficits in children of average intelligence . Brain and Language , 61 , 309 – 334 .[cambridge.org]

  • Familial Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

    Haghi et al. (2004) studied 9 children with Jacobsen syndrome, 8 of whom had short stature.[genome.jp] space between first and second toes (sandal toes) clinodactyly of the fifth finger All of these are found in individuals without DS.[medicalhomeportal.org] […] is often subnormal and, in one study of 15 patients with Apert syndrome, the average IQ was 72.5. 66 Development may be adversely affected by progression of increased intracranial[entokey.com]

  • Atelosteogenesis

    1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] ", keywords "chondrodystrophy, dwarfism, equinovarus foot deformity, fibular agenesis, joint dislocation, Larsen syndrome, rhizomelia, short stature", author "Stern, {H.[jhu.pure.elsevier.com] They are usually of normal intelligence. Dwarfism most often does happen in families where both parents are of average height.[medlineplus.gov]

  • Genee-Wiedemann Syndrome

    He had a wide space between the first and second toe of his feet and subungual fibroma on the second and third toe of the right foot and on the third toe of the left foot.[jmg.bmj.com] stature, a variety of dysmorphic facial and skeletal features, characteristic hypertrichosis cubiti (excessive hair on the elbows), mild-to-moderate developmental delay and[bmcmedgenet.biomedcentral.com] They typically have normal intelligence and normal lifespans.[chop.edu]