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12 Possible Causes for Average Intelligence, Skeletal Dysplasia, Wide Space Between the First and Second Toe

  • Russell-Silver Syndrome

    A new skeletal dysplasia syndrome with rhizomelia of the humeri and other malformations. Clin Genet. 1986 Jan; 29 (1):83–87. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] Adeyokunnu AA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] This is unlike the pattern in other growth disorders such as Turner syndrome and skeletal dysplasia where parental height has an influence on final height outcome.[jmg.bmj.com]

  • Down Syndrome

    Dysplasia Society, Southeastern Regional Genetics Group Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.[emedicine.com] A wide space, often with a deep fissure between the first and second toes, is also common.[dx.doi.org] The intelligence quotient (IQ) among children with Down syndrome varies but averages about 50, compared with normal children, whose average IQ is 100.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Craniofrontonasal Dysplasia

    […] this panel Comprehensive Growth Disorders / Skeletal Dysplasias and Disorders Panel Panel By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.[mendelian.co] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] In conclusion, individuals diagnosed with frontonasal dysplasia usually are of average intelligence and can expect a normal life span.[ruralneuropractice.com]

  • Seckel Syndrome

    Based on the clinical and radiological features showing evidence of skeletal dysplasia, the diagnosis was revised to Majewski osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type II ([ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] […] is considered lower than average Can affect boys and girls equally Genetics of Seckel Syndrome Autosomal recessive pattern Additional reading about Seckel Syndrome National[littlepeopleuk.org]

  • Atelosteogenesis

    This could be a unique skeletal dysplasia or the most severe end of the atelosteogenesis spectrum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] They are usually of normal intelligence. Dwarfism most often does happen in families where both parents are of average height.[medlineplus.gov]

  • Dubowitz Syndrome

    22q11.2 deletion syndrome Thanatophoric dysplasia type 2 Familial partial lipodystrophy Renal dysplasia, retinal pigmentary dystrophy, cerebellar ataxia and skeletal dysplasia[checkrare.com] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Results indicate that the level of intellectual functioning among children with Dubowitz syndrome varies from severe retardation to average intelligence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Familial Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

    MICROPHTHALMIA/COLOBOMA AND SKELETAL DYSPLASIA SYNDROME; MCSKS Is also known as microphthalmia or coloboma with or without rhizomelic skeletal dysplasia, microphthalmia, syndromic[mendelian.co] space between first and second toes (sandal toes) clinodactyly of the fifth finger All of these are found in individuals without DS.[medicalhomeportal.org] […] is often subnormal and, in one study of 15 patients with Apert syndrome, the average IQ was 72.5. 66 Development may be adversely affected by progression of increased intracranial[entokey.com]

  • Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia - Severe Proximal Femoral Dysplasia

    dysplasias.[books.google.com] (C) Adduction of the right forefoot with wide spacing between the first and second toes. The left foot shows only mild shortening of the first toe.[jmg.bmj.com] […] usually normal or above average Obesity is a problem Dental crowding and ear problems secondary to bone overgrowth X-Rays All long tubular bones are affected Metaphysis is[flinders.edu.au]

  • Genee-Wiedemann Syndrome

    Clinical: Progressive psychomotor retardation; skeletal dysplasia; facial anomalies. Collins JF. Handbook of Clinical Ophthalmology. New York: Masson, 1982. Duane TD.[dentisty.org] He had a wide space between the first and second toe of his feet and subungual fibroma on the second and third toe of the right foot and on the third toe of the left foot.[jmg.bmj.com] They typically have normal intelligence and normal lifespans.[chop.edu]

  • MORM Syndrome

    MPS IVB is characterized by skeletal changes, including short stature and skeletal dysplasia.[centogene.com] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] The average intelligence quotient (IQ) of adult males with the most severe mutation is 40, although those with less severe mutations can have IQs in the borderline to normal[spectrumnews.org]

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