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155 Possible Causes for Axial Dystonia

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    Movements are slowed, muscles become rigid, and axial dystonia develops. Patients tend to fall backward.[msdmanuals.com] Set 2: tremor, bradykinesia, asymmetric onset, non-axial dystonia, response to levodopa.[doi.org] dystonia, pseudobulbar palsy, and dementia.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    […] parkinsonism syndrome Autosomal Recessive Progressive, generalised, early-onset dystonia with axial muscle involvement, oromandibular (sardonic smile), laryngeal dystonia[cmdg.org] […] and one arm, and often axial muscles.[orpha.net] The hands are often spared, however, sustained axial and limb contractions may lead to a state where the body is grossly contorted.[icd9data.com]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 12

    In the first family reported, Yamashita et al 5 described axial myoclonus in some younger affected persons, while an extrapyramidal component (focal dystonia) was observed[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Classic Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Syndrome

    Disease definition Atypical progressive supranuclear palsy (atypical PSP) is a group of clinical syndromes associated with underlying PSP-tau pathology, that do not conform to the classic presentation of PSP (Richardson syndrome; see this term), a rare late-onset neurodegenerative disease. The group comprises[…][orpha.net]

  • Dysequilibrium Syndrome

    Neurogenetics. 2016 Jul;17(3):191-5. doi: 10.1007/s10048-016-0488-y. Epub 2016 Jun 2. Author information 1 Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, Messina, Italy. 2 Child Neuropsychiatry Division, Foundation IRCCS Neurologic Institute Carlo Besta, Milan, Italy. 3 CSS-Mendel Institute, IRCCS[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Adult-Onset Torsion Dystonia

    Five had severe axial dystonia alone on examination and at onset; six had mild cervical dystonia in addition to severe axial dystonia, with onset of the axial and neck problems[jnnp.bmj.com] The term axial dystonia describes dystonia that specifically affects the torso.[dystonia-foundation.org] […] parkinsonism syndrome Autosomal Recessive Progressive, generalised, early-onset dystonia with axial muscle involvement, oromandibular (sardonic smile), laryngeal dystonia[cmdg.org]

  • Meige Syndrome

    dystonia advanced from Meige syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] writer's cramp and torticollis, or axial dystonia) In: Elridge R, Fahn S (eds) Advances in neurology, vol 14.[springerlink.com] Furthermore, the segmental dystonias were subdivided into regional categories: cranial, axial, brachial, and crural.[blepharospasm.org]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 14

    , multifocal myoclonus and axial dystonia as predominant clinical features.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Some patients have cognitive impairment, parkinsonism characterized by rigidity, as well as focal dystonia, axial myoclonus, facial myokymia, choreic movement of hands and[orpha.net] In the first family reported, Yamashita et al 5 described axial myoclonus in some younger affected persons, while an extrapyramidal component (focal dystonia) was observed[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Adult-Onset Dystonia - Parkinsonism

    The term axial dystonia describes dystonia that specifically affects the torso.[dystoniacanada.org] (Part II): an open-label experience with botulinum toxin-A (DysportAr) injections for oromandibular, lingual, and truncal-axial dystonias. ( 21348790 ) Rosales R.L....Fernandez[malacards.org] Types of Dystonias and Symptoms: Axial Dystonia Dystonias may affect one part (focal dystonias) or several parts (segmental dystonias) of the body.[msunites.com]

  • Idiopathic Camptocormia

    Camptocormia, axial dystonia, and parkinsonism: phenotypic heterogeneity of a parkin mutation. Neurology 2003; 60: 1393–1394. Jankovic J.[annaly-nevrologii.com] dystonia and these should be ruled out.[boneandspine.com] Dystonia Axial or action dystonia is considered a possible etiology of camptocormia in patients with PD ( Ponfick et al., 2011 ).[intechopen.com]

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