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122 Possible Causes for Axial Dystonia, Diplopia

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    We report the case of a 75-year-old ex-professional boxer who developed diplopia and eye movement abnormalities in his 60's followed by memory impairment, low mood and recurrent[] dystonia, pseudobulbar palsy, and dementia.[] Convergent eye movements are often impaired, and convergence insufficiency may produce episodic diplopia at near distances.[]

  • Classic Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Syndrome

    Convergent eye movements are often impaired, and convergence insufficiency may produce episodic diplopia at near distances.[] Set 2: tremor, bradykinesia, asymmetric onset, non-axial dystonia, response to levodopa.[] Additional, and important symptoms to note, include: Diplopia Bradykinesia Burning eyes Blurred vision Sensitivity to light Rigidity of the spine Eye movement paralysis The[]

  • Blepharospasm

    Adverse effect frequency was 3.0% (ptosis 2.3%, dry eye 0.5%, diplopia 0.2%).[] […] cramp, and torticollis or axial dystonia).[] Side effects include drooping of the eyelid (ptosis), blurred vision, and double vision (diplopia). Tearing may occur.[]

  • Stiff-Person Syndrome

    We report a patient with stiff-person syndrome and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) antibody, who suddenly complained of diplopia[] Differential diagnosis Differential diagnosis includes an atypical manifestation of a spinal cord disease ( e.g. multiple sclerosis; tumours), axial dystonia, neuromyotonia[] Associated symptoms revealed brainstem involvement (vertigo, diplopia, and cranial neuropathies) and dysautonomia (abnormal sweating and orthostatic hypotension).[]

  • Japanese Encephalitis

    It was associated with marked axial dystonia resulting in opisthotonus and retrocollis in five patients, jaw-opening dystonia in two patients, teeth clenching in one patient[] During the next 1 to 4 weeks, patients began to experience markedly severe dystonia.[]

  • Parinaud Syndrome

    Surgical intervention for refractory diplopia was required in 12.5% of cases, of which 80% reported symptom resolution following surgery.[] dystonia 22.[] 43-year-old male referred for evaluation of binocular diplopia February 21, 2005 Chief Complaint: 43-year-old male referred for evaluation of binocular diplopia.[]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 14

    Machado-Joseph disease) (autosomal dominant type 3) 14q24.3-q31 with 38 CAG repeats (Exonic) Allelic to Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) Ataxin3 Ataxia with ophthalmoparesis, diplopia[] , multifocal myoclonus and axial dystonia as predominant clinical features.[] Some patients have cognitive impairment, parkinsonism characterized by rigidity, as well as focal dystonia, axial myoclonus, facial myokymia, choreic movement of hands and[]

  • Pseudobulbar Palsy

    There was no history of dysphagia, nasal regurgitation, diplopia or bowel or bladder incontinence.[] dystonia.[] […] vestibular ocular reflex (VOR) or the Bell phenomenon Nearly continuous square wave jerks commonly observed with fixation Impairment of convergence eye movements (may cause diplopia[]

  • Meige Syndrome

    The injection technique used is illustrated; only transitory severe facial edema, no blepharoptosis either diplopia as a complication was observed.[] dystonia advanced from Meige syndrome.[] Vertical diplopia is infrequently seen in patients receiving Botox injections.[]

  • Post-Encephalitic Syndrome

    After a period of general unease, the victim presented double vision (diplopia), deep somnolence, and sometimes mild fever.[] Following this episode, he presented a severe parkinsonian syndrome which was associated, after a few years, with an axial dystonia and stereotyped involuntary movements of[]

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