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122 Possible Causes for Axial Dystonia, Diplopia

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    We report the case of a 75-year-old ex-professional boxer who developed diplopia and eye movement abnormalities in his 60's followed by memory impairment, low mood and recurrent[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] dystonia, pseudobulbar palsy, and dementia.[msdmanuals.com] Convergent eye movements are often impaired, and convergence insufficiency may produce episodic diplopia at near distances.[patient.info]

  • Classic Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Syndrome

    Convergent eye movements are often impaired, and convergence insufficiency may produce episodic diplopia at near distances.[patient.info] Set 2: tremor, bradykinesia, asymmetric onset, non-axial dystonia, response to levodopa.[academic.oup.com] Additional, and important symptoms to note, include: Diplopia Bradykinesia Burning eyes Blurred vision Sensitivity to light Rigidity of the spine Eye movement paralysis The[disabled-world.com]

  • Blepharospasm

    Adverse effect frequency was 3.0% (ptosis 2.3%, dry eye 0.5%, diplopia 0.2%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] cramp, and torticollis or axial dystonia).[link.springer.com] Side effects include drooping of the eyelid (ptosis), blurred vision, and double vision (diplopia). Tearing may occur.[favamariaeyecare.com]

  • Stiff-Person Syndrome

    We report a patient with stiff-person syndrome and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) antibody, who suddenly complained of diplopia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Differential diagnosis Differential diagnosis includes an atypical manifestation of a spinal cord disease ( e.g. multiple sclerosis; tumours), axial dystonia, neuromyotonia[orpha.net] Associated symptoms revealed brainstem involvement (vertigo, diplopia, and cranial neuropathies) and dysautonomia (abnormal sweating and orthostatic hypotension).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Japanese Encephalitis

    It was associated with marked axial dystonia resulting in opisthotonus and retrocollis in five patients, jaw-opening dystonia in two patients, teeth clenching in one patient[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] During the next 1 to 4 weeks, patients began to experience markedly severe dystonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Parinaud Syndrome

    Surgical intervention for refractory diplopia was required in 12.5% of cases, of which 80% reported symptom resolution following surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] dystonia 22.[slideshare.net] 43-year-old male referred for evaluation of binocular diplopia February 21, 2005 Chief Complaint: 43-year-old male referred for evaluation of binocular diplopia.[eyerounds.org]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 14

    Machado-Joseph disease) (autosomal dominant type 3) 14q24.3-q31 with 38 CAG repeats (Exonic) Allelic to Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) Ataxin3 Ataxia with ophthalmoparesis, diplopia[bcm.edu] , multifocal myoclonus and axial dystonia as predominant clinical features.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Some patients have cognitive impairment, parkinsonism characterized by rigidity, as well as focal dystonia, axial myoclonus, facial myokymia, choreic movement of hands and[orpha.net]

  • Pseudobulbar Palsy

    There was no history of dysphagia, nasal regurgitation, diplopia or bowel or bladder incontinence.[neurologyindia.com] dystonia.[books.google.com] […] vestibular ocular reflex (VOR) or the Bell phenomenon Nearly continuous square wave jerks commonly observed with fixation Impairment of convergence eye movements (may cause diplopia[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Meige Syndrome

    The injection technique used is illustrated; only transitory severe facial edema, no blepharoptosis either diplopia as a complication was observed.[medigraphic.com] dystonia advanced from Meige syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Vertical diplopia is infrequently seen in patients receiving Botox injections.[healio.com]

  • Post-Encephalitic Syndrome

    After a period of general unease, the victim presented double vision (diplopia), deep somnolence, and sometimes mild fever.[theconversation.com] Following this episode, he presented a severe parkinsonian syndrome which was associated, after a few years, with an axial dystonia and stereotyped involuntary movements of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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