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214 Possible Causes for Axial Dystonia, Nystagmus

  • Dysequilibrium Syndrome

    […] extensor plantar reflexes, distal muscle wasting, a distal sensorimotor neuropathy, a distal sensorimotor neuropathy predominant in the legs, and horizontal gaze-evoked nystagmus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 12

    Spinocerebellar ataxia 1 See the list below: Clinical features Onset in the fourth decade of life Gait ataxia, dysarthria, dysmetria, nystagmus, peripheral neuropathy, muscle[emedicine.medscape.com] dystonia 0002530 Cerebral cortical atrophy Decrease in size of the outer layer of the brain due to loss of brain cells 0002120 Delusions 0000746 Depressivity Depression 0000716[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] In the first family reported, Yamashita et al 5 described axial myoclonus in some younger affected persons, while an extrapyramidal component (focal dystonia) was observed[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    PSP in comorbidity: a patient with amnestic dementia developing frontal lobe dementia, Parkinsonism and supranuclear gaze palsy and a patient with cerebellar ataxia and nystagmus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Set 2: tremor, bradykinesia, asymmetric onset, non-axial dystonia, response to levodopa.[dx.doi.org] This can be picked up early by checking vertical optico-kinetic nystagmus.[cmdg.org]

  • Classic Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Syndrome

    Imaging did not support this, however, and, on formal testing, abnormal nystagmus and eye movements were detected.[lecturio.com] dystonia Behavior changes: apathy, disinhibition, anxiety Frontal release signs, including grasp reflex and the applause sign May exhibit cross-over with other Tauopathies[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu] Imaging did not support this, however, and on formal testing abnormal nystagmus and eye movements were detected.[ipfs.io]

  • Oculomotor Apraxia

    The reading scan was disturbed by saccadic intrusions and/or nystagmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Muscle tone in the limbs is increased and children often exhibit dyskinesia, dystonia, and axial hypotonia. General muscle weakness is often present.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] Gaze-Evoked Nystagmus Definition Gaze-evoked nystagmus is the result of a gaze-holding deficit.[clicktocurecancer.info]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 13

    Spinocerebellar ataxia type 13 (SCA13) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder, which, like other types of SCA, is characterized by dysarthria, nystagmus, and ataxia of gait[en.wikipedia.org] […] myoclonus, dystonia, vibratory loss Late onset can be pure ataxia -- 19q13.4 Protein kinase C gamma type (PRKC) Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA15/SCA 16) OMIM #606658 Pure ataxia[emedicine.com] Spinocerebellar ataxia type 13 (SCA13) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder, which, like other types of SCA , is characterized by dysarthria , nystagmus , and ataxia of gait[ipfs.io]

  • Parinaud Syndrome

    Only 65.0% patients had the classical triad of vertical gaze palsy, convergence-retraction nystagmus and light-near dissociation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] dystonia 22.[slideshare.net] If they strain to look up, contraction of lower eye muscles may lead to the aforementioned nystagmus.[symptoma.com]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1

    All patients underwent a video-oculographic recording of fixation abnormalities, gaze-evoked nystagmus, positional and head-shaking nystagmus, and dysmetric saccades.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] myoclonus, dystonia, vibratory loss Late onset can be pure ataxia -- 19q13.4 Protein kinase C gamma type (PRKC) Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA15/SCA 16) OMIM #606658 Pure ataxia[emedicine.com] All patients underwent a video‐oculographic recording of fixation abnormalities, gaze‐evoked nystagmus, positional and head‐shaking nystagmus, and dysmetric saccades.[doi.org]

  • Neurologic Manifestation of Whipple Disease

    Gaze-Evoked Nystagmus Our patient also had gaze-evoked nystagmus. The slow phase of the nystagmus had velocity-decreasing waveform (arrows in Figure 3 ).[journal.frontiersin.org] nystagmus that can persist during sleep.[eyewiki.aao.org] Other common clinical signs include ophthalmoplegia, nystagmus, and myoclonia.[prognosisapp.com]

  • Neurological Disorder

    Migraine, tachycardia, intention tremor, nystagmus and cervical dystonia were observed in isolated individuals.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Focal Dystonia : dystonia specifically confined to a small region such as the eyelids or the hand.[richardsonthebrain.com] […] occurs in children hereditary cerebellar ataxia nervous disorder of late childhood and early adulthood; characterized by ataxic gait and hesitating or explosive speech and nystagmus[vocabulary.com]

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