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145 Possible Causes for Axillary Freckling

  • Pheochromocytoma-Islet Cell Tumor Syndrome

    One of Carney's patients showed cafe-au-lait spots, measuring up to 4 cm in diameter, and axillary freckling.[] One of the patients described by Carney and colleagues presented cafe-au-lait spots and axillary freckling characteristic of NF1.[]

  • Legius Syndrome

    Consider the possibility of Legius syndrome, which can be confirmed by molecular genetic analysis, in patients with six or more café au lait macules and axillary freckling[] Other features include axillary freckling, macrocephaly, Noonan-like facies, lipomas, learning disabilities and attention deficit-hyperactivity.[] Herein, we describe a case of a 16-year-old male presenting with multiple CALMs and axillary freckling.[]

  • Neurofibromatosis-Noonan Syndrome

    He has multiple café-au-lait spots and axillary freckling, relative macrocephaly, ptosis, mid-face hypoplasia, short neck and pulmonic stenosis.[] Physical examination revealed multiple café-au-lait spots, axillary freckling, relative macrocephaly suggesting NF1, and dysmorphic facial features, short and webbed neck,[] The cardinal features of NF1 include neurofibromas, café-au-lait spots, axillary and inguinal freckling, eye abnormalities comprising Lisch nodules, optic glioma and osseous[]

  • Neurofibromatosis Type 1

    Axillary freckling Axillary freckling (as well as freckling on the perineum), known as the Crowe sign, is a helpful diagnostic feature in neurofibromatosis (see the image[] freckling.[] Axillary freckling and inguinal freckling often develop during puberty.[]

  • Turcot Syndrome

    Both children had features of neurofibromatosis type 1 including atypical café au lait spots and axillary freckling without a family history consistent with neurofibromatosis[] freckling 0000997 Basal cell carcinoma 0002671 Cafe-au-lait spot 0000957 Ependymoma 0002888 Glioblastoma multiforme 0012174 Hypermelanotic macule Hyperpigmented spots 0001034[] Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO Abnormality of abdomen morphology 0001438 Astrocytoma 0009592 Autosomal recessive inheritance 0000007 Axillary[]

  • Watson Syndrome

    Look for distinctive skin lesions, such as axillary freckling, mottling, small spherical patches, and areas of depigmentation.[] Watson syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by Lisch nodules of the ocular iris, axillary/inguinal freckling, pulmonary valvular stenosis, relative macrocephaly[] Axillary freckling less common.[]

  • Jaffe-Campanacci Syndrome

    Figure 1 Typical “coast-of-California” café-au-lait spots (a) and axillary freckles (b).[] In addition, axillary freckles and Lisch nodules were present in all four patients and multiple cutaneous neurofibromas in two patients.[] freckling 13,14 .[]

  • Pheochromocytoma in Childhood

    Neurofibromatosis type 1 is typically associated with neurofibromas, café-au-lait spots, axillary freckling, Lisch nodules, optic gliomas, and abnormalities of the bone and[]

  • Plexiform Neurofibroma

    On physical examination, there were multiple café-au-lait spots larger than 15 mm in diameter scattered over the patient's entire body and axillary freckling, but no cutaneous[] Plexiform neurofibroma is mostly associated with autosomal dominant neurofibromatosis type 1, characterized by cutaneous findings such as café-au-lait spots, axillary freckling[] Multiple small to large cafe-au-lait macules, more than six in number and axillary freckling were present in both of them. Palmar freckling was noticed in father.[]

  • Piebaldism

    Abstract Miminal diagnostic criteria for the diagnosis of neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) includes six or more café-au-lait macules plus axillary freckling.[] […] and inguinal freckling.[] We report the case of a 5-year-old boy who had the white forelock and leukoderma of piebaldism, but the presence of many café-au-lait macules and axillary and inguinal freckling[]

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