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80 Possible Causes for Bacterial Meningitis, Cranial Nerve Involvement, Sagittal Sinus Thrombosis

  • Brain Abscess

    Abstract Brain abscesses are uncommon complications of bacterial meningitis or sepsis in neonates and infants.[] Neurological examination showed stupor consciousness, neck stiffness, multiple cranial nerves palsy, and bilateral Babinski signs.[] The patient was treated for bacterial meningitis with a 4-week course of intravenous penicillin (24 10 6 IU/d) and chloramphenicol (4 g/d).[]

  • Sphenoid Sinusitis

    A 64-year-old woman was initially seen unconscious with bacterial meningitis and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula.[] Isolated sphenoid sinusitis is a rare disease with potentially devastating complications such as cranial nerve involvement, brain abscess, and meningitis.[] Fatal complications included cavernous sinus thrombosis and bacterial meningitis.[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    Is bacterial meningitis contagious? Yes.[] Early complications of bacterial meningitis include seizures, raised intracranial pressure (seen in the image below), cerebral venous thrombosis, sagittal sinus thrombosis[] nerve involvement and abnormal pupils).[]

  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    Bacterial meningitis 1 Tuberculous meningitis 3 Cryptococcal meningitis 3 Encephalitis 4 Non‐inflammatory 13 0 (0) 7 (53.8) 7 (53.8) 7 (53.8) 1 (9.1) 9 (81.8) 3 (27.3) 4[] Previous to this, there had been no case reports of myoclonus in SLE as a presenting feature. [15] Cranial nerve involvement Cranial nerve involvement is also relatively uncommon[] sinus thrombosis at a rather low frequency (29%), and other lesions. 46, 47 Neuro-BD is broadly divided into acute and chronic progressive types.[]

  • Frontal Sinusitis

    Diffusion-weighted imaging in acute bacterial meningitis in infancy. Neuroradiology. 2003; 45(9):634-9. PubMed Google Scholar Nickerson JP, Richner B, Santy K and al.[] Sometimes thrombophlebitis can develop causing superior sagittal sinus thrombosis and cavernous sinus thrombosis.[] Severe chemosis, ptosis and complete ophthalmoplegia (cranial nerves II, III, IV, V, and VI are involved) and moderate-to-severe visual loss are present.[]

  • Osteomyelitis of the Frontal Bone

    View Article PubMed Google Scholar Finney HL, Roberts TS: Fibrous dysplasia of the skull with progressive cranial nerve involvement. Surg Neurol. 1976, 6 (6): 341-343.[] Auditory canal/temporal bone/cranial nerves The temporal bone is frequently involved ( 70%) in patients with craniofacial PFD or MAS [ 81 ], while temporal bone involvement[]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    Pneumococcal meningitis is a bacterial inflammation of the meninges. It is potentially fatal with increased incidence of mortality in the very young and in the elderly.[] SAGITTAL SINUS.[] Dexamethasone in adults with bacterial meningitis. European dexamethasone in adulthood bacterial meningitis. N Engl J Med . 2002;347(20):1549-156.[]

  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

    Thrombosis of the lateral sinus (related to mastoiditis ) and thrombosis of the superior sagittal sinus (related to bacterial meningitis ) occur but are rarer than cavernous[] The list of complications provided in an article by Mueller regarding internal jugular vein thrombosis included pulmonary embolism, subclavian vein and superior sagittal sinus[] However, cranial nerve involvement other than 3 rd, 4 th, 5 th, and 6 th is rare in literature.[]

  • Acute Sinusitis

    A lumbar puncture was performed for suspicion of meningitis but showed no bacterial growth.[] No other cranial nerves were involved. An otological procedure resulted in complete recovery.[] Superior sagittal sinus thrombosis Orbital Cavernous sinus thrombosis Inflammatory edema and erythema (preseptal cellulitis) Orbital abscess Orbital cellulitis Subperiosteal[]

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    CONCLUSION: Delayed cerebral thrombosis is a rare but devastating complication of bacterial meningitis.[] nerve involvement or subarachnoid hemorrhage Relationship between clinical manifestations and the site of venous occlusion Isolated thrombosis of the different sinuses and[] , cerebral sinovenous thrombosis , dural sinus thrombosis , sagittal sinus thrombosis , and sinus thrombosis .[]