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91 Possible Causes for Band-Shaped Keratopathy

  • Gout

    Spinal gout is rarely encountered in clinical practice, is easily misdiagnosed, and often remains undiagnosed. This paper aims to provide some clues that are the salient diagnostic features of spinal gout, particularly axial pain, radiculopathy, and myelopathy, as determined on the basis of our experience with a few[…][]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Chronic kidney insufficiency affects a significant number of individuals in the developed countries, particularly the United States. The progressive nature of the disease and a substantial reduction in the quality of life over the period of time are the primary reasons why an early diagnosis is crucial. Anemia,[…][]

  • Uveitis

    Uveitis is inflammation of the uveal tract, with or without inflammation of neighbouring structures (eg, the retina or vitreous). The term covers a diverse group of conditions leading to the common end-point of intraocular inflammation, and which have been estimated to cause approximately 10% of severe visual[…][]

  • Sarcoidosis

    Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease, with genitourinary tract involvement being very rare (0.2% of all sarcoidosis cases). Genitourinary sarcoidosis may present with a scrotal mass with or without testicular pain, often mimicking epididymo-orchitis or malignancy. Only 8 cases of genitourinary sarcoidosis[…][]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    The monoclonal gammopathies are a group of disorders associated with monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells. The characterization of specific entities is an area of difficulty in clinical practice. The International Myeloma Working Group has reviewed the criteria for diagnosis and classification with the aim of[…][]

  • Sjögren Syndrome

    Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic inflammatory process that primarily involves the exocrine glands. Its clinical manifestations range from autoimmune exocrinopathy to extraglandular (systemic) involvement affecting the lungs, kidneys, blood vessels, and muscles; it can occur alone (primary Sjögren's syndrome) or in[…][]

  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    Jpn J Radiol. 2017 Aug;35(8):409-416. doi: 10.1007/s11604-017-0658-3. Epub 2017 Jun 21. Author information 1 Department of Radiology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Yokohama City Seibu Hospital, 1197-1 Yasashicho, Asahi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 241-0811, Japan. 2 Department of[…][]

  • Hypercalcemia

    Hypercalcemia is a disorder that most commonly results from malignancy or primary hyperparathyroidism. [1, 2, 3, 4, 19, 20] Other, less common causes of elevated calcium include increased intake or absorption, granulomatous disease, immobilization, and thiazide diuretic use. However, the primary diagnostic approach[…][]

  • Juvenile Seronegative Polyarthritis

    ICD.Codes ICD-10-CM (2016) Chapter 13 Section M05-M14 Code M08.3 BILLABLE Billable Code Billable codes are sufficient justification for admission to an acute care hospital when used a principal diagnosis. ICD-10 from 2011 - 2016 M08.3 is a billable ICD code used to specify a diagnosis of juvenile rheumatoid polyarthritis[…][]

  • Milk-Alkali Syndrome

    Abstract The milk-alkali syndrome was first identified in 1923, and continues to occur in patients ingesting large amounts of calcium and absorbable alkali, particularly as calcium carbonate. Hypercalcemia, alkalosis, and renal impairment remain hallmarks of the syndrome, which may occur in acute, subacute, and chronic[…][]

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