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219 Possible Causes for Barrel Chest

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    On the lateral radiograph, a "barrel chest" with widened anterior-posterior diameter may be visualized.[radiopaedia.org] Thoracic examination reveals the following: Hyperinflation (barrel chest) Wheezing – Frequently heard on forced and unforced expiration Diffusely decreased breath sounds Hyperresonance[emedicine.medscape.com] People with COPD sometimes develop a barrel-shaped chest due to an enlargement of the lungs.[sleepfoundation.org]

  • Asthma

    , Matthew P. Gray , Andrea K. Morrison , Michael N. Levas , Elizabeth A. Kessler , Garick D. Hill , Marc H. Gorelick , Jeffrey L. Jackson Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Dexamethasone has been proposed as an equivalent therapy to prednisone/prednisolone for acute asthma exacerbations in pediatric patients.[…][doi.org]

  • Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Congenita

    We present a case of SED congenita with short stature since birth, flat midface, short neck, barrel chest with pectus carinatum, lumbar lordosis, myopia without retinal detachment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An autosomal condition of neonatal onset (OMIM:183900) characterised by shortened trunk, neck and proximal extremities, barrel chest, spinal involvement, and variably accompanied[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Systemic Features: Dwarfism with kyphosis and a barrel chest are characteristic. The vertebrae are often flattened and malformed and the neck is short.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]

  • Wolcott-Rallison Syndrome

    Wolcott-Rallison syndrome is a rare disease presenting with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DM) before 6 months old, skeletal dysplasia after 6 months old, and liver failure. Other manifestations are renal failure, microcephaly, epilepsy, central hypothyroidism, neutropenia, and dental and dermal problems. The cases[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

    Hyperinflation results in barrel chest, increased percussion note, decreased breath sound intensity (see breath sound assessment video, below), and distant heart sounds.[emedicine.medscape.com] A physical examination may reveal a barrel-shaped chest, wheezing, or decreased breath sounds.[nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms of emphysema include difficulty breathing, a hacking cough and a barrel-shaped chest.[genome.gov]

  • Costello Syndrome

    Both had relative macrocephaly at birth, curly hair, large ear lobes, epicanthic folds, a low nasal bridge, thick lips, a short and wide nose, a short neck, a barrel chest[link.springer.com]

  • Silicosis

    Silicosis, a preventable occupational lung disease, is associated with various diseases, including tuberculosis (TB). There is an increased lifelong risk for lung tuberculosis even if exposure to silica dust ceases. That association contributes in a large extent to very high rates of tuberculosis in countries with poor[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spondyloperipheral Dysplasia

    chest Barrel chest 0001552 Brachydactyly Short fingers or toes 0001156 Broad palm Broad hand Broad hands Wide palm [ more ] 0001169 Broad thumb Broad thumbs Wide/broad thumb[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Category Subcategory Feature Chest External Features Pectus carinatum Barrel-shaped chest Growth Height Short stature Head And Neck Face Midface hypoplasia [ EoM Image ] Further[mnglabs.com] chest.[icdlist.com]

  • Osteoporosis-Pseudoglioma Syndrome

    chest Barrel chest 0001552 Blindness 0000618 Cataract Clouding of the lens of the eye Cloudy lens [ more ] 0000518 Generalized hypotonia Decreased muscle tone Low muscle[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Showing of 23 Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO Absent anterior chamber of the eye 0008037 Autosomal recessive inheritance 0000007 Barrel-shaped[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Cockayne Syndrome

    Cockayne syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with dwarfism, mental retardation, and otherwise clinically heterogeneous features. Classically, the onset of Cockayne syndrome starts in the second year of life. The failure of RNA synthesis to recover to normal rates after UV-C irradiation provides a[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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