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40 Possible Causes for Barrel Chest, Cystic Fibrosis, Hyperresonance

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    On the lateral radiograph, a "barrel chest" with widened anterior-posterior diameter may be visualized.[radiopaedia.org] […] caused by genetic mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] cough or expectoration Breathing may be assisted by pursed lips and use of accessory respiratory muscles; patients may adopt the tripod sitting position The chest may be hyperresonant[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Asthma

    It is now well established that there is no single "gene for asthma", in the way that the cystic fibrosis transmembrane receptor is the "gene for cystic fibrosis".[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] fibrosis transmembrane receptor is the gene for cystic fibrosis.[doi.org] It is now well established that there is no single “gene for asthma”, in the way that the cystic fibrosis transmembrane receptor is the “gene for cystic fibrosis”.[doi.org]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    Cystic fibrosis is usually recognized in infancy or early childhood.[symptoma.com] Children with Cystic Fibrosis experience symptoms including difficulty breathing, frequent respiratory infections, cough, rapid respirations, and a barrel-chested appearance[disabled-world.com] Respiratory distress with retractions Wheeze or crackles Cough (dry or productive of mucoid or purulent sputum) Increased anteroposterior diameter of chest Clubbing Cyanosis Hyperresonant[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Pneumothorax

    .[58] Tension pneumothorax – the presence of which may be suspected due to rapidly deteriorating heart function, absent lung sounds throughout the thorax, and a barrel-shaped[en.wikipedia.org] INTRODUCTION - More and more children affected by cystic fibrosis reach adulthood.[hungary.pure.elsevier.com] Patients with pneumothorax present with sudden-onset dyspnea, ipsilateral chest pain, diminished breath sounds, and hyperresonant percussion on the affected side.[amboss.com]

  • Chronic Bronchitis

    Author information 1 1 Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine. 2 2 Marsico Lung Institute, Cystic Fibrosis Research Center, and. 3 3 Center for Environmental[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] respiratory acidosis increased PCO2 CXR decreased lung markings with flattened diaphragm hyperinflated lungs with bullae and/or blebs thin-appearing heart and mediastinum barrel-chest[step2.medbullets.com] As the disease progresses, patients often develop decreased breath sounds (likelihood ratio [LR] 10.2 for breath sound score less than or equal to 9), hyperresonance (LR 5.1[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

    Hyperinflation results in barrel chest, increased percussion note, decreased breath sound intensity (see breath sound assessment video, below), and distant heart sounds.[emedicine.medscape.com] Abstract Cystic fibrosis is predominantly an airway disease with marked bronchiectatic changes associated with inflammation, chronic colonization, and progressive airflow[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperresonant breath sounds : An increased echo quality of the breath sounds when listening with a stethoscope can indicate that there is emphysema, as there is more air and[wikilectures.eu]

  • Pulmonary Emphysema

    Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (AAT) is one of the three most common lethal genetic diseases in the caucasian population (together with cystic fibrosis and Down syndrome).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Signs of emphysema include: tachypnea absence of cyanosis pursed-lip breathing, tripod position chest hyperinflation "barrel chest" reduced breath sounds hyper-resonant to[radiopaedia.org] Similarly, hyperresonant notes are perceived via percussion, and auscultation reveals diminished or distant breath sounds.[rtmagazine.com]

  • Hyperactive Airway Disease

    fibrosis (see this term), the two underlying diseases of most of the ABPA patients (about 2% of patients with asthma and 1 to 15% of patients with cystic fibrosis develop[orpha.net] Barrel chest – Patients may also exhibit an increased anteroposterior diameter of the chest because of severe lung consolidation.[healthfoxx.com] Steatorrhea and failure to thrive further suggest cystic fibrosis. With the widespread use of neonatal screening, cystic fibrosis is often discovered at birth.[aafp.org]

  • Catamenial Pneumothorax

    fibrosis, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is the most common predisposing disorder of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (b) Pulmonary infections: lung abscess, necrotizing[slideshare.net] Tension pneumothorax – the presence of which may be suspected due to rapidly deteriorating heart function, absent lung sounds throughout the thorax, and a barrel-shaped chest[en.wikipedia.org] Physical examination was remarkable for decreased breath sounds and hyperresonance over the right hemithorax. Her labs were unremarkable.[amjmed.org]

  • Cor Pulmonale

    fibrosis interstitial lung disease massive pulmonary emboli : for acute cor pulmonale acute respiratory distress syndrome : for acute cor pulmonale Plain radiograph central[radiopaedia.org] ., nodular opacities in interstitial lung disease, barrel chest in COPD ) Additional tests to screen for underlying cause Laboratory: HIV test, liver function tests ( portopulmonary[amboss.com] Right ventricular failure Increased chest diameter Labored respirations with retractions Distended neck veins Cyanosis On auscultation wheezes and crackles On percussion hyperresonance[symptoma.com]

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