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45 Possible Causes for Barrel Chest, Edema, Medication Noncompliance

  • Obesity

    Edema Edema (American English), oedema or œdema (British English), formerly known as dropsy or hydropsy, is the increase of interstitial fluid in any organ — swelling.[empoweryourhealth.org] Noncompliance with behavioral recommendations following bariatric surgery. Obes Surg 2005 ;15: 546 - 551 Citing Articles (1519) Letters Article Figures/Media[dx.doi.org] The populations in the studies reviewed were generally self‐ or researcher‐selected, and often noncompliant patients were excluded from analyses.[dx.doi.org]

  • Asthma

    A meta-analysis by DiMatteo et al [ 50 ] revealed that patients with a chronic disease and depression were three times more likely to be noncompliant with medical treatment[doi.org] Here, we present a case of severe mitral stenosis with pulmonary edema treated for resistant asthma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sweet potato may contain furanoterpenoids, including ipomeamarone, which cause lung edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    noncompliance, cardiac ischemia, abnormal heart rhythms, kidney failure, pulmonary emboli, hypertension, and infections.[13] Treatment efforts are directed towards decreasing[en.wikipedia.org] We present 2 cases of dyspneic patients, where prehospital lung ultrasound helped to distinguish between pulmonary edema and acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On the lateral radiograph, a "barrel chest" with widened anterior-posterior diameter may be visualized.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Factors aggravating heart failure • Myocardial ischemia or infarct • Dietary sodium excess • Excess fluid intake • Medication noncompliance • Arrhythmias • Intercurrent illness[slideshare.net] A heart attack may cause pulmonary edema.[healthcommunities.com] Wall – inspect chest wall for signs of trauma, barrel chest from COPD or accessory muscle use.[medictests.com]

  • Cor Pulmonale

    Acute Precipitating Factors Include (1) excessive Na intake, (2) noncompliance with heart failure medications, (3) acute MI (may be silent), (4) exacerbation of hypertension[accessmedicine.mhmedical.com] Findings include peripheral edema, neck vein distention, hepatomegaly, and a parasternal lift. Diagnosis is clinical and by echocardiography.[merckmanuals.com] ., nodular opacities in interstitial lung disease, barrel chest in COPD ) Additional tests to screen for underlying cause Laboratory: HIV test, liver function tests ( portopulmonary[amboss.com]

  • Chronic Bronchitis

    noncompliance, cardiac ischemia, abnormal heart rhythms, kidney failure, pulmonary emboli, hypertension, and infections.[13] Treatment efforts are directed towards decreasing[en.wikipedia.org] Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Definition (NCI) A type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by chronic inflammation in the bronchial tree that results in edema[fpnotebook.com] […] respiratory acidosis increased PCO2 CXR decreased lung markings with flattened diaphragm hyperinflated lungs with bullae and/or blebs thin-appearing heart and mediastinum barrel-chest[step2.medbullets.com]

  • Recurrent Pulmonary Embolism

    noncompliance, cardiac ischemia, dysrhythmias, renal failure, pulmonary emboli, hypertension, and infections. [13] Treatment efforts are directed towards decreasing lung[en.wikipedia.org] A 30-year-old male, who was diagnosed as having nephrotic syndrome at 12, presented with general edema, ascites and hypoalbuminemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical examination revealed barrel chest, with obvious use of accessory respiratory muscle.[omicsonline.org]

  • Chronic Pulmonary Edema

    ) Patient noncompliance with medications (eg, diuretics) Severe anemia Sepsis Thyrotoxicosis Myocarditis Myocardial toxins (eg, alcohol, cocaine, chemotherapeutic agents such[emedicine.medscape.com] […] pulmonary edema Maternal hypertension Maternal hypertension Neurogenic pulmonary edema Non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema O/E - pulmonary edema Postoperative pulmonary edema[healthprovidersdata.com] Wall – inspect chest wall for signs of trauma, barrel chest from COPD or accessory muscle use.[medictests.com]

  • Papilledema

    […] autopsy results and the PMMR results.The presence of PA may aid in the diagnoses of cerebral edema despite normal postmortem brain swelling based on PMMR.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most patients are short in stature and barrel-chested. Cardiac valves often are thickened and endocardial fibroelastosis is frequently seen.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] Patients who fail, are intolerant to, or noncompliant with maximum tolerated medical therapy might require optic nerve sheath fenestration or cerebrospinal fluid diversion[noninvasiveicp.com]

  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

    noncompliance, cardiac ischemia, abnormal heart rhythms, kidney failure, pulmonary emboli, hypertension, and infections.[13] Treatment efforts are directed towards decreasing[en.wikipedia.org] She has significant cardiac disease (rheumatic mitral disease, with previous episodes of pulmonary edema and cardiac arrest) and hepatitis B.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperinflation results in barrel chest, increased percussion note, decreased breath sound intensity (see breath sound assessment video, below), and distant heart sounds.[emedicine.medscape.com]

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