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1,935 Possible Causes for Barrel Chest, Hepatojugular Reflux, Medication Noncompliance

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Factors aggravating heart failure • Myocardial ischemia or infarct • Dietary sodium excess • Excess fluid intake • Medication noncompliance • Arrhythmias • Intercurrent illness[slideshare.net] Wall – inspect chest wall for signs of trauma, barrel chest from COPD or accessory muscle use.[medictests.com] The fluid status is checked by jugular venous pressure, which usually gets accentuated by the hepatojugular reflux.[newhealthadvisor.com]

  • Cor Pulmonale

    ., nodular opacities in interstitial lung disease, barrel chest in COPD ) Additional tests to screen for underlying cause Laboratory: HIV test, liver function tests ( portopulmonary[amboss.com] Increased right atrial pressures may lead to dependent edema, hepatojugular reflux, and ascites.[javed-abbas.tripod.com] Acute Precipitating Factors Include (1) excessive Na intake, (2) noncompliance with heart failure medications, (3) acute MI (may be silent), (4) exacerbation of hypertension[accessmedicine.mhmedical.com]

  • Recurrent Pulmonary Embolism

    noncompliance, cardiac ischemia, dysrhythmias, renal failure, pulmonary emboli, hypertension, and infections. [13] Treatment efforts are directed towards decreasing lung[en.wikipedia.org] Physical examination revealed barrel chest, with obvious use of accessory respiratory muscle.[omicsonline.org] These signs may be obscured by obesity or by a barrel chest with increased anteroposterior diameter.[tmj.ro]

  • Obesity

    Noncompliance with behavioral recommendations following bariatric surgery. Obes Surg 2005 ;15: 546 - 551 Citing Articles (1519) Letters Article Figures/Media[dx.doi.org] The populations in the studies reviewed were generally self‐ or researcher‐selected, and often noncompliant patients were excluded from analyses.[dx.doi.org] Correcting for noncompliance and dependent censoring in an AIDS clinical trial with inverse probability of censoring weighted (IPCW) log-rank tests.[dx.doi.org]

    Missing: Hepatojugular Reflux
  • Asthma

    A meta-analysis by DiMatteo et al [ 50 ] revealed that patients with a chronic disease and depression were three times more likely to be noncompliant with medical treatment[dx.doi.org] Depression is a risk factor for noncompliance with medical treatment: meta analysis of the effects of anxiety and depression on patient adherence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] View Article Google Scholar DiMatteo MR, Lepper HS, Croghan TW: Depression is a risk factor for noncompliance with medical treatment: meta analysis of the effects of anxiety[dx.doi.org]

    Missing: Hepatojugular Reflux
  • Congestive Heart Failure

    reflux · Weight loss 4.5 kg in 5 days in response to treatment Minor criteria: · Bilateral ankle edema · Nocturnal cough · Dyspnea on ordinary exertion · Hepatomegaly · Pleural[web.archive.org] These include any recent infection, dietary non compliance (excess use of fluids, alcohol, or salt), medication noncompliance (especially diuretics), presence of chest pain[clinicaladvisor.com] reflux The minor criteria include: Pedal edema Night cough Dyspnea on exertion Hepatomegaly Pleural effusion Tachycardia Vital capacity reduced by at least one third of normal[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Barrel Chest
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    noncompliance, cardiac ischemia, abnormal heart rhythms, kidney failure, pulmonary emboli, hypertension, and infections.[13] Treatment efforts are directed towards decreasing[en.wikipedia.org] On the lateral radiograph, a "barrel chest" with widened anterior-posterior diameter may be visualized.[radiopaedia.org] Thoracic examination reveals the following: Hyperinflation (barrel chest) Wheezing – Frequently heard on forced and unforced expiration Diffusely decreased breath sounds Hyperresonance[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Hepatojugular Reflux
  • Chronic Bronchitis

    noncompliance, cardiac ischemia, abnormal heart rhythms, kidney failure, pulmonary emboli, hypertension, and infections.[13] Treatment efforts are directed towards decreasing[en.wikipedia.org] […] respiratory acidosis increased PCO2 CXR decreased lung markings with flattened diaphragm hyperinflated lungs with bullae and/or blebs thin-appearing heart and mediastinum barrel-chest[step2.medbullets.com] Over time, many people develop a barrel chest as the size of the lungs increases because of trapped air.[merckmanuals.com]

    Missing: Hepatojugular Reflux
  • Distended Neck Veins

    This can produce a characteristic "barrel chest," which is the shape of the hyper-expanded chest. Chronic lung damage prevents the heart from circulating blood normally.[medbroadcast.com] Hepatojugular reflux. 15. Resources : Bates, A Guide to Physical Exam. “ Nurses Informations”[slideshare.net] It is important that patients adhere to prescribed treatment regimens; noncompliance with a doctor’s recommendations regarding diet or medication increase the risk that the[healthcentral.com]

  • Cardiac Cirrhosis

    Right ventricular S 4 results from right atrial contraction into a noncompliant right ventricle. Inspiration increases the intensity of both extra heart sounds.[emedicine.medscape.com] Dietary restrictions and prohibition of alcohol may result in noncompliance in some patients.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Heart failure (heart cirrhosis): oedema, dyspnoea, fatigue, anorexia, dilated jugulars (jugular ingurgitation), coughing, hepatojugular reflux, heart murmurs and an enlarged[mediktor.com]

    Missing: Barrel Chest

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