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466 Possible Causes for Barrel Chest, Postural Defect

  • Cockayne Syndrome

    It consists of: Treatment of specific signs and symptoms: Physiotherapy to loosen joints, correct posture defects, and keep muscles supple Medication to relax spastic muscles[]

  • Postural Defect

    Postural defects Most people are born with a slight postural defect, such as having one leg slightly longer than the other.[] (blank) Barrel chest sternum projects forward and upward, A-P increased, seen in pathological condictions such as emphysima (blank) (blank)[] Abstract The clinical appearance of hamstring shortening in 10 patients referred with diagnosis of asymmetry of the trunk, scoliosis, postural defect, strange gait, and back[]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    On the lateral radiograph, a "barrel chest" with widened anterior-posterior diameter may be visualized.[] Thoracic examination reveals the following: Hyperinflation (barrel chest) Wheezing – Frequently heard on forced and unforced expiration Diffusely decreased breath sounds Hyperresonance[] People with COPD sometimes develop a barrel-shaped chest due to an enlargement of the lungs.[]

    Missing: Postural Defect
  • Asthma

    Neurogenic tumours of the mediastinum in adults occur most often at the posterior mediastinum, majority of which are benign of nerve sheath in origin. A 72-year-old woman, known asthmatic, presented with chronic symptoms of hoarseness, dysphagia, chest heaviness, easy fatigability, cough, epigastric pain, feeling of[…][]

    Missing: Postural Defect
  • Spinal Osteochondrosis

    Many with Scheuermann's disease have very large lung capacities and males often have broad, barrel chests.[] Children suffering from postural defects, structural scoliosis and spinal osteochondrosis were separated from a normal group.[] Key words Spinal mobility Structural scoliosis Spinal osteochondrosis Postural defects This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.[]

  • Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Congenita

    We present a case of SED congenita with short stature since birth, flat midface, short neck, barrel chest with pectus carinatum, lumbar lordosis, myopia without retinal detachment[] An autosomal condition of neonatal onset (OMIM:183900) characterised by shortened trunk, neck and proximal extremities, barrel chest, spinal involvement, and variably accompanied[] Systemic Features: Dwarfism with kyphosis and a barrel chest are characteristic. The vertebrae are often flattened and malformed and the neck is short.[]

    Missing: Postural Defect
  • Wolcott-Rallison Syndrome

    Wolcott–Rallison syndrome, WRS, is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder with infancy-onset diabetes mellitus, multiple epiphyseal dysplasia, osteopenia, mental retardation or developmental delay, and hepatic and renal dysfunction as main clinical findings. Patients with WRS have mutations in the EIF2AK3 gene, which encodes[…][]

    Missing: Postural Defect
  • Psychogenic Hyperventilation

    . #7 If we review only barrel shaped chest, hyperresonant percussion sound, CXR: hyperinflated lung. Patient is ex-smoker.[] […] autonomic nervous system, adequate blood volume, and intact skeletal and respiratory muscle pumps are essential components for rapid cardiovascular adjustments to upright posture[] Patients lacking sufficient blood volume or having defective sympathetic adrenergic vasoconstriction develop orthostatic hypotension (OH), prohibiting effective upright activities[]

  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

    Hyperinflation results in barrel chest, increased percussion note, decreased breath sound intensity (see breath sound assessment video, below), and distant heart sounds.[] A physical examination may reveal a barrel-shaped chest, wheezing, or decreased breath sounds.[] Symptoms of emphysema include difficulty breathing, a hacking cough and a barrel-shaped chest.[]

    Missing: Postural Defect
  • Costello Syndrome

    Both had relative macrocephaly at birth, curly hair, large ear lobes, epicanthic folds, a low nasal bridge, thick lips, a short and wide nose, a short neck, a barrel chest[]

    Missing: Postural Defect

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