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14 Possible Causes for Basilar Rales, S3 Gallop

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    […] criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema · S3[web.archive.org] The major criteria include: Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Distention of neck veins Crepitations Cardiomegaly Acute pulmonary edema S3 gallop rhythm Increased venous pressure[symptoma.com] gallop · Increased central venous pressure ( 16 cm H2O at right atrium) · Hepatojugular reflux · Weight loss 4.5 kg in 5 days in response to treatment Minor criteria: · Bilateral[web.archive.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    gallop is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse[emedicine.com] […] apical impulse (less common) Normal first heart sound; second heart sound usually is normally split but is paradoxically split in some patients with severe outflow gradients; S3[emedicine.com]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    An third heart sound (S3) gallop is frequently present.[tele.med.ru]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a rare but fatal complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with an associated mortality that ranges from 41% to 80%. The treatment consists of supplemental oxygenation, afterload reduction, intraaortic balloon pump, and surgical repair. In selected patients, extracorporeal[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    We present two cases of females in their 40s presenting with biventricular heart failure being the consequence of a large arteriovenous fistula. Both patients had undergone abdominal surgery several years prior to the heart failure event with the initial finding of moderate pulmonary hypertension and high-output[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    The physical examination is perhaps even more important, which can reveal tachycardia, cardiac murmurs (soft S1 sound, S3 or S4 gallop, as well as sounds pointing toward insufficiency[symptoma.com]

  • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

    On admission, jugular venous distention to the angle of the jaw, bilateral basilar rales and trace peripheral edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyponatremia

    Signs of hypervolaemia - pulmonary rales, S3 gallop (third heart sound), jugular venous distention, peripheral oedema, ascites.[patient.info]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Examination of patient involves lung exam and determination of basilar or diffuse rales.[symptoma.com] Excluding other similar conditions Excluding cardiogenic pulmonary edema Clinically, it can be excluded by the absence of: Cardiac exam abnormalities: S3 or S4 gallop New[lecturio.com]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    On physical exam you find edema in her legs, bilateral basilar rales, and extra heart sound following S2 at the apex. She has JVD.[step2.medbullets.com] Her lungs were clear to auscultation and her heart rate was regular, with an S3 gallop. Her extremities were nonedematous, and she had no calf tenderness.[thepermanentejournal.org] […] or S4 gallop JVD Evaluation Echocardiogram Treatment Nonpharmacologic bed rest Na restriction Pharmacologic digoxin diuretics ACE inhibitors (once fetus has been delivered[step2.medbullets.com]

Further symptoms