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349 Possible Causes for Behavior Problem, Dementia, Spasticity - Hyperreflexia

  • Subacute Combined Degeneration of Spinal Cord

    Neurological findings include numbness, loss of vibratoty and joint position sense, sense of proprioception, hyperreflexia, spasticity, weakness and extensor plantar responses[ispub.com] Mental changes range from mild forgetfulness to severe dementia or psychosis. Severe dementia is uncommon, but in some cases, it is the first symptom of the disorder.[nlm.nih.gov] He had hyperreflexia, bilateral Babinski signs and absent ankle jerks. Tone was spastic.[neurology.org]

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Described features include 9,11 : progressive dementia extrapyramidal signs (rigidity, dystonia, choreoathetosis) corticospinal signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia) dysarthria[radiopaedia.org] Additionally, affected individuals may experience a loss of intellectual function (dementia) and psychiatric symptoms such as behavioral problems, personality changes, and[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] Serial assessments of a 29-year-old woman showed progressive dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyponatremia

    They are primarily central nervous system (CNS) manifestations, such as irritability, restlessness, lethargy, muscular twitching, spasticity and hyperreflexia, all of which[aafp.org] behavior. [21] Psychosis after a seizure is relatively common, occurring in between 6 and 10% of people. [22] Often people do not remember what occurred during this time.[en.wikipedia.org] Independent of adjusting factors, hyponatremia patients had 2.36-fold higher chances of suffering dementia, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and non-AD dementia, than the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Lateral Sclerosis

    […] a slowly progressing degenerative brain disease characterized by weakness, spasticity, hyperreflexia, and a positive Babinski sign.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] This includes difficulties with memory, planning, language, behavior, and spatial relationships.[medicalnewstoday.com] We report the occurrence of progressive spastic paraplegia and frontal systems dementia in a patient with postmortem features of PLS combined with moderate Alzheimer-like[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypernatremia

    Muscle twitching, tremor, spasticity, hyperreflexia, and lethargy may also be seen. Coma, seizures, and muscle weakness are later signs.[aneskey.com] Since a year prior to the presentation, she was started on Tab. quetiapine 50 mg at night time for sleep disturbances and behavioral problems.[ijpm.info] […] weight loss and found to have marked hypernatremia Take aways Approach to hypernatremia Consider free water loss (renal, GI, insensible loss) Reduced access to free water (dementia[ucsfmed.wordpress.com]

  • Metachromatic Leukodystrophy

    60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001257 16 hyperreflexia 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001347 17 joint stiffness 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-[malacards.org] The initial presentation includes behavioral problems, intellectual impairment, gait disturbance, incontinence, and peripheral neuropathy.[symptoma.com] A case of early-onset adult dementia with family history of dementia is reported, characterised by neuropsychological deficits, suggesting frontal involvement, with mild non[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[icdlist.com] Here we report a patient with early psychiatric symptoms including depression, dementia, and catatonia, who was eventually diagnosed as having primary progressive multiple[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] due to multiple sclerosis w behavioral disturbance Dementia due to multiple sclerosis with altered behavior Dementia from multiple sclerosis Exacerbation of multiple sclerosis[icd10data.com]

  • Alexander Disease

    hyperreflexia, positive Babinski sign, gait abnormality, and weakness, though individual-to-individual and intrafamilial variability is seen [ Graff-Radford et al 2014 ].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] That means children can have many problems, including: Balance and mobility problems Behavioral and learning disabilities Bladder issues Breathing difficulties Developmental[webmd.com] […] congenital disorder of nervous system Alexander's disease Alexander's disease (disorder) ALEXANDER DISEASE Megalencephaly in infancy accompanied by progressive spasticity and dementia[wikidata.org]

  • Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia

    […] by progressive spasticity and hyperreflexia of the lower limbs HSMN V familial spastic paraplegia Strümpell-Lorrain disease French settlement disease Strumpell-Lorrain disease[wikidata.org] Another five patients had behavioral problems in childhood. Brain MRIs from nine patients were available for review.[nature.com] We hereby present the case of a 30-year-old female patient with complex autosomal recessive HSP with thinning of the corpus callosum (TCC) and dementia that was compound heterozygous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    Upper motor neuron signs, such as spasticity and hyperreflexia, are unusual.[intechopen.com] Problems with attention, reasoning or judgment Difficulty concentrating and completing tasks Other symptoms may include: Headaches Nausea Difficulty focusing eyes Some of[ucirvinehealth.org] Frequency 6 – 10 % of all dementia patients.[alzheimer-europe.org]

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