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349 Possible Causes for Behavior Problem, Dementia, Spasticity - Hyperreflexia

  • Subacute Combined Degeneration of Spinal Cord

    Neurological findings include numbness, loss of vibratoty and joint position sense, sense of proprioception, hyperreflexia, spasticity, weakness and extensor plantar responses[] Mental changes range from mild forgetfulness to severe dementia or psychosis. Severe dementia is uncommon, but in some cases, it is the first symptom of the disorder.[] He had hyperreflexia, bilateral Babinski signs and absent ankle jerks. Tone was spastic.[]

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Described features include 9,11 : progressive dementia extrapyramidal signs (rigidity, dystonia, choreoathetosis) corticospinal signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia) dysarthria[] Additionally, affected individuals may experience a loss of intellectual function (dementia) and psychiatric symptoms such as behavioral problems, personality changes, and[] Serial assessments of a 29-year-old woman showed progressive dementia.[]

  • Hyponatremia

    They are primarily central nervous system (CNS) manifestations, such as irritability, restlessness, lethargy, muscular twitching, spasticity and hyperreflexia, all of which[] behavior. [21] Psychosis after a seizure is relatively common, occurring in between 6 and 10% of people. [22] Often people do not remember what occurred during this time.[] Independent of adjusting factors, hyponatremia patients had 2.36-fold higher chances of suffering dementia, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and non-AD dementia, than the[]

  • Primary Lateral Sclerosis

    […] a slowly progressing degenerative brain disease characterized by weakness, spasticity, hyperreflexia, and a positive Babinski sign.[] This includes difficulties with memory, planning, language, behavior, and spatial relationships.[] We report the occurrence of progressive spastic paraplegia and frontal systems dementia in a patient with postmortem features of PLS combined with moderate Alzheimer-like[]

  • Hypernatremia

    Muscle twitching, tremor, spasticity, hyperreflexia, and lethargy may also be seen. Coma, seizures, and muscle weakness are later signs.[] Since a year prior to the presentation, she was started on Tab. quetiapine 50 mg at night time for sleep disturbances and behavioral problems.[] […] weight loss and found to have marked hypernatremia Take aways Approach to hypernatremia Consider free water loss (renal, GI, insensible loss) Reduced access to free water (dementia[]

  • Metachromatic Leukodystrophy

    60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001257 16 hyperreflexia 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001347 17 joint stiffness 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-[] The initial presentation includes behavioral problems, intellectual impairment, gait disturbance, incontinence, and peripheral neuropathy.[] A case of early-onset adult dementia with family history of dementia is reported, characterised by neuropsychological deficits, suggesting frontal involvement, with mild non[]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[] Here we report a patient with early psychiatric symptoms including depression, dementia, and catatonia, who was eventually diagnosed as having primary progressive multiple[] […] due to multiple sclerosis w behavioral disturbance Dementia due to multiple sclerosis with altered behavior Dementia from multiple sclerosis Exacerbation of multiple sclerosis[]

  • Alexander Disease

    hyperreflexia, positive Babinski sign, gait abnormality, and weakness, though individual-to-individual and intrafamilial variability is seen [ Graff-Radford et al 2014 ].[] That means children can have many problems, including: Balance and mobility problems Behavioral and learning disabilities Bladder issues Breathing difficulties Developmental[] […] congenital disorder of nervous system Alexander's disease Alexander's disease (disorder) ALEXANDER DISEASE Megalencephaly in infancy accompanied by progressive spasticity and dementia[]

  • Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia

    […] by progressive spasticity and hyperreflexia of the lower limbs HSMN V familial spastic paraplegia Strümpell-Lorrain disease French settlement disease Strumpell-Lorrain disease[] Another five patients had behavioral problems in childhood. Brain MRIs from nine patients were available for review.[] We hereby present the case of a 30-year-old female patient with complex autosomal recessive HSP with thinning of the corpus callosum (TCC) and dementia that was compound heterozygous[]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    Upper motor neuron signs, such as spasticity and hyperreflexia, are unusual.[] Problems with attention, reasoning or judgment Difficulty concentrating and completing tasks Other symptoms may include: Headaches Nausea Difficulty focusing eyes Some of[] Frequency 6 – 10 % of all dementia patients.[]

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