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240 Possible Causes for Behavior Problem, Progressive Mental Retardation, Spasticity - Hyperreflexia

  • Mental Retardation

    Affected males showed mild mental retardation, microcephaly, hyperreflexia or spastic diplegia, and a similar facial appearance, including a triangular face, prognathism,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Brachydactyly mental retardation syndrome (BDMR) is an autosomal dominant disorder, caused by haploinsufficiency of histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4), also on chromosome 2q37.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a rare syndrome with multiple congenital malformations, including development and mental retardation, behavioral problems and a distinct[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Described features include 9,11 : progressive dementia extrapyramidal signs (rigidity, dystonia, choreoathetosis) corticospinal signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia) dysarthria[radiopaedia.org] It is characterized by progressive Parkinson-like rigidity, athetotic movements, and progressive mental and emotional retardation.[whonamedit.com] Additionally, affected individuals may experience a loss of intellectual function (dementia) and psychiatric symptoms such as behavioral problems, personality changes, and[ghr.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease

    There is gross spasticity, hyperreflexia and extensor plantar response. In severe cases, the child is unable to sit unsupported and is certainly unable to walk.[patient.info] retardation is not severe, some patients show dementia or personality disorders, the disease is progressive rather than static in some, and several females show signs of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] That means children can have many problems, including: Balance and mobility problems Behavioral and learning disabilities Bladder issues Breathing difficulties Developmental[webmd.com]

  • Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy

    Spasticity. Hyperreflexia. Clonus. Pyramidal paresis of limb or limbs. Extensor plantar responses. Unsteadiness of gait. Psychomotor retardation. Dysphagia. Deafness.[patient.info] This metabolic disorder is characterized by progressive neurological dysfunction such as mental retardation, paralysis, blindness, deafness and paralysis of certain facial[rarediseases.org] Patients with later onset forms usually present with ataxia, weakness, blindness, spastic paraparesis, behavioral problems, and dementia.[mhmedical.com]

  • Richards-Rundle Syndrome

    In addition to the three principal signs, abnormal gait, hypogonadism, amyotrophy or muscle agenesis, hyperreflexia, hypertonia or spasticity, osteoporosis, and restricted[accessanesthesiology.mhmedical.com] progressive spasticity, X-linked, Mental retardation, X-linked, with cerebellar hypoplasia and distinctive facial appearance, Metachromatic Leukodystrophy, Miller Fisher[wikidoc.org] Psychiatric Disorders and Behavioral Problems in Children with ... ; Children with Velocardiofacial Syndrome: Usefulness ... least 1 per 2000 to 4500 live births (Tezenas[xylwjzor.ga]

  • Lesch Nyhan Syndrome

    In LNS patients there are three major signs of pyramidal dysfunction: spasticity, hyperreflexia and the extensor plantar reflex (also known as the Babinski reflex: the great[themedicalbiochemistrypage.org] Affected boys have mental retardation, delayed development, extrapyramidal motor disturbances and self-injuring behavior.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] problems, which can be best addressed by using behavioral modification techniques.[symptoma.com]

  • Tay-Sachs Disease

    […] of the body and arching of the back), the cherry-red spot on the retina, seizures, blindness, deafness, and spasticity.[embryo.asu.edu] It is characterized by progressive mental and physical retardation and early death.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Behavioral problems a progressive loss of speech, life skills, and intellectual abilities also develop. Children may or may not develop a cherry-red spot in the eyes.[rarediseases.org]

  • Chudley-Rozdilsky Syndrome

    […] with hyperreflexia, cerebellar dysfunction, short stature, Hirschsprung's disease, pharyngeal web, and facial dysmorphism" described in a case report by Kim et al..[symptoma.com] Mental retardation, progressive Progressive mental retardation [ more ] 0006887 Lumbar hyperlordosis Excessive inward curvature of lower spine 0002938 Myopathy Muscle tissue[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Fragility Intellectual Developmental Disorder with Abnormal Behavior, Microcephaly, and Short Stature INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER WITH CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA Intellectual[rgd.mcw.edu]

  • Hyperornithinemia-Hyperammonemia-Homocitrullinuria Syndrome

    This feature can vary from lower limb hyperreflexia with positive Babinski sign, with or without gait abnormalities, to a clear picture of spastic paraparesis.[docksci.com] retardation, progressive spastic paraparesis, seizures, and myoclonus epilepsy.[genome.jp] Further symptoms comprise intolerance of protein-rich food, ataxia and spasticity, mood swings and behavioral problems.[symptoma.com]

  • Metachromatic Leukodystrophy

    60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001257 16 hyperreflexia 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001347 17 joint stiffness 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-[malacards.org] One of the two un-transplanted controls, 15 years after MLD diagnosis, has relentlessly progressed to full dependency with epilepsy, severe mental retardation, dystonic movements[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The initial presentation includes behavioral problems, intellectual impairment, gait disturbance, incontinence, and peripheral neuropathy.[symptoma.com]

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