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60 Possible Causes for Behçet Disease, Hemiparesis, Optic Disc Pallor

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    A severe and sudden left-sided sensorimotor hemiparesis occurred 1 year later.[] The evolution of temporal optic disc pallor (arrow) after left optic neuritis.[] Conditions often confused with MS may be inflammatory (systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren's syndrome, vasculitis, sarcoidosis, Behçet's disease), infectious (Lyme disease[]

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    Despite chemotherapy, the lesion increased in volume, which led to local pain and right hemiparesis.[] […] of optic disc and optical coherence tomography showed an atrophy of temporal retinal nerve fiber layer Click here to view Discussion LC, also referred to as carcinomatous[] […] as systemic lupus erythematosus and Behçet disease.[]

  • Familial Porencephaly

    In general, patients presented with hemiparesis, seizures, and developmental deficits. The severity of manifestations depends on the size and location of the clefts.[] Fundoscopy showed a cup-to-disc (C/D) ratio in the RE of 0.3 and in the LE of 0.4 and bilateral optic disc pallor (fig. 1 ).[] , see Behçet disease Adams-Oliver syndrome ADANE, see acute necrotizing encephalopathy type 1 ADCA-DN syndrome, see autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia, deafness, and narcolepsy[]

  • Central Retinal Artery Occlusion

    FH/POH: coronary artery disease s/p CABG & balloon angioplasty, right carotid endarterectomy (1980s), left carotid stenting (endovascular) recently with transient right hemiparesis[] Within 4 to 6 weeks, the retinal whitening usually resolves and optic disc pallor sets in.[] To report a case of bilateral central retinal artery occlusion as the primary ocular manifestation of Behçet disease.[]

  • Retrobulbar Neuritis

    We report an unusual case of neurobrucellosis who presented with headache, vision loss, confusional state, retrobulbar neuritis and left hemiparesis.[] Loss of colour vision and optic disc pallor are commonly found in asymptomatic patients with dominant optic atrophy.[] Conditions that have been linked with optic neuritis include: Autoimmune diseases, including lupus, sarcoidosis, and Behçet disease Cryptococcosis, a fungal infection Bacterial[]

  • Optic Nerve Infarction

    There were also clinical manifestations of a mild right hemiparesis.[] Figure 3: Optic disc pallor is usually seen 6-8 weeks after the initial ischemic event.[] , Wegener’s granulomatosis, Behçet disease, Lyme disease, tuberculosis, Whipple disease, etc.).[]

  • Panuveitis

    The neurological examination revealed posterior cervical contracture with limitation of extension, normal muscular tone, discrete right hemiparesis of brachial predominance[] The vitreous was clear and the fundus showed no exudates or bleeding, however,there was dilatation of retinal vascular and disc pallor of optic nerve head (Figure 6).[] Behcet's disease. N Engl J Med 1999; 341 : 1284. 2. Ozdal PC, Ortaç S, TaKkintuna I, Firat E. Posterior segment involvement in ocular Behçet's disease.[]

  • Susac Syndrome

    A 35-year-old man presented with sudden painless vision loss in the right eye and 2 months later in the left eye with hemiparesis, behavioral changes, and hearing loss.[] In the later stages of Susac syndrome, optic disc pallor, vascular sheathing and silver wiring, and constriction of arterioles may be noted on funduscopic examination. 3,4[] , antiphospholipid syndrome, Sjögren syndrome and Behçet disease; see these terms).[]

  • Optic Neuritis

    She then developed acute encephalopathy, bilateral nystagmus, right hemiparesis and left facial nerve palsy.[] Bilateral optic neuritis occurred in 10. Optic disc pallor was found in 35%, edema in 46%, and 19% had normal fundus.[] Conditions that have been linked with optic neuritis include: Autoimmune diseases, including lupus, sarcoidosis, and Behçet disease Cryptococcosis, a fungal infection Bacterial[]

  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

    A 65-year-old woman with poorly controlled diabetes presented bilateral miosis, bilateral abducens nerve palsy, and left hemiparesis.[] disc edema or pallor; retinal hemorrhages Anesthesia in the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve (V1) and/or decreased or absent corneal reflex and possibly anesthesia[] disease some types of medication, such as the contraceptive pill , although this is very rare The cavernous sinuses The cavernous sinuses are a series of hollow spaces located[]

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