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61 Possible Causes for Behçet Disease, Optic Disc Pallor

  • Optic Atrophy

    CONCLUSIONS: Deeply buried ODD may be associated with NAION causing irreversible visual loss and optic disc pallor, a condition easily mistaken for atypical ON.[] […] field defects and optic disc pallor.[] The histopathological hallmark of DOA is the primary degeneration of retinal ganglion cells, preferentially in the papillomacular bundle, which results temporal optic disc[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    The evolution of temporal optic disc pallor (arrow) after left optic neuritis.[] Conditions often confused with MS may be inflammatory (systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren's syndrome, vasculitis, sarcoidosis, Behçet's disease), infectious (Lyme disease[] At that time, symptoms and signs of right-sided sensory disturbance together with a history of uniocular central visual loss and, on fundoscopy, pallor of both optic discs[]

  • Panuveitis

    The vitreous was clear and the fundus showed no exudates or bleeding, however,there was dilatation of retinal vascular and disc pallor of optic nerve head (Figure 6).[] Behcet's disease. N Engl J Med 1999; 341 : 1284. 2. Ozdal PC, Ortaç S, TaKkintuna I, Firat E. Posterior segment involvement in ocular Behçet's disease.[] 3 (pg. 148 - 55 ) 4 The rate of visual loss in Behçet’s disease, Arch Ophthalmol, 1970 , vol. 84 (pg. 451 - 2 ) 5 EULAR recommendations for the management of Behçet’s disease[]

  • Central Retinal Artery Occlusion

    Within 4 to 6 weeks, the retinal whitening usually resolves and optic disc pallor sets in.[] To report a case of bilateral central retinal artery occlusion as the primary ocular manifestation of Behçet disease.[] A fundus examination of the left eye found a pink optic disc with blurred margins, diffuse pallor in the retina with arterial attenuation, and a normal band of the retinal[]

  • Optic Neuritis

    Bilateral optic neuritis occurred in 10. Optic disc pallor was found in 35%, edema in 46%, and 19% had normal fundus.[] Conditions that have been linked with optic neuritis include: Autoimmune diseases, including lupus, sarcoidosis, and Behçet disease Cryptococcosis, a fungal infection Bacterial[] Other medical conditions that have been linked to optic neuritis include other autoimmune disorders, such as lupus, Behçet’s disease, and sarcoidosis, as well as respiratory[]

  • Central Retinal Vein Occlusion

    Bilateral optic disc pallor was then noted with recovery of CRVO.[] Inflammatory diseases such as sarcoidosis, Behçet's syndrome. Hyperviscosity states such as myeloma. Thrombophilic disorders.[] There are more unusual associations, including chronic kidney disease, other secondary causes of hypertension and diabetes (eg, Cushing's syndrome), secondary causes of hyperlipidaemia[]

  • Retrobulbar Neuritis

    disc pallor and/or optic disc swelling relative afferent pupillary defect detected by the swinging light test in the affected eye, the pupil will dilate with direct illumination[] Conditions that have been linked with optic neuritis include: Autoimmune diseases, including lupus, sarcoidosis, and Behçet disease Cryptococcosis, a fungal infection Bacterial[] Conditions that have been linked with optic neuritis include: Autoimmune diseases , including lupus , sarcoidosis , and Behçet disease Cryptococcosis , a fungal infection[]

  • Susac Syndrome

    In the later stages of Susac syndrome, optic disc pallor, vascular sheathing and silver wiring, and constriction of arterioles may be noted on funduscopic examination. 3,4[] , antiphospholipid syndrome, Sjögren syndrome and Behçet disease; see these terms).[] (limbic encephalitis, Cogan syndrome, Eales disease, autoimmune inner-ear disease, polyarteritis nodosa, Wegener granulomatosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus[]

  • Retinal Phlebitis

    Optic disc pallor may appear in 38.4% of ICRVO and 2.0% of NICRVO within 1 year of follow up. The late phase of CRVO may also see the emergence of several complications.[] Multiple sclerosis Behçet's disease Wegener's granulomatosis Figure 1.[] Ischemic retinal vasculitis may also be secondary to Behçet's disease and multiple sclerosis.[]

  • Granulomatous Iritis

    Two weeks later she developed bilateral optic disc swelling with multifocal areas of choroidal pallor in her left eye (Fig 1 ).[] International Study Group for Behçet's disease. Criteria for diagnosis of Behçet's disease. Lancet. 1990;335:1078-80. 15. Michelson JB, Chisari FV. Behçet's disease.[] These include: Behçet's disease.[]

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